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Мы не берем все книги по признаку формального соответствия темам. Отбираем лучшее по качеству и релевантности. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 4

Книги

Авторы:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т УФ Х Ц Ч Ш Щ ЭЮ Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O PQR S T UV W XYZ
 
Названия:
А Б В Г Д ЕЖ З И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У Ф ХЦЧ Ш ЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G HI JKLMNO P QR S T UVW XYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 06-01-2004
Ruby K. Payne
USA, 2001, 205 с.
A Framework for Understanding Poverty was Dr. Ruby Payne's first book, written for teachers with adaptations for work and community members. Its purpose is to educate people about the differences that separate economic classes and then teaching them strategies to bridge those gulfs. Ruby discusses at length the social cues or "hidden rules" that govern how we think and interact in society – and the significance of those rules in a classroom. Other topics include why students from generational poverty often fear being educated, discipline interventions that improve behavior, and the eight resources that make a difference to success.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007
Chris Pierson
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006, 288 с.
Over the past decade, Beyond the Welfare State? has become established as the key text on the emergence and development of welfare states. It offers a comprehensive and remarkably well-informed introduction to the ever more intense debates that surround the history and, still more importantly, the future of welfare in advanced industrialised states. Comprehensively revised and re-written, this third edition of the book embraces all of the most important theoretical and empirical developments in welfare state studies of recent years. Working within an explicitly comparative framework, the book draws on a wealth of international evidence to survey what are now the most pressing issues surrounding the future of welfare: among them, globalisation, demographic change, declining fertility, postindustrialism and immigration. It draws extensively on the explosion of work on welfare states that has emerged within the North American political science community over the past ten years as well as giving detailed attention to developments with the UK, continental and northern Europe and beyond. Beyond the Welfare State? remains the most comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the complex of issues that surround welfare reform. It is required reading for anyone who wants to come to terms with what is really at stake in arguments about the future of welfare.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-04-2004
Arthur Cecil Pigou
Москва: Прогресс, 1985, 1, 512 с.
В работе "Экономическая теория благосостояния" А. С. Пигу - последователь А. Маршала - дал глубокий анализ ценовой дискриминации. Он выявил и постулировал общие условия ценовой дискриминации и выделил три ее вида (степени). Согласно Пигу, общие условия, в полной мере благоприятствующие осуществлению ценовой дискриминации, складываются тогда, когда цена спроса на любую единицу товара не зависит от продажной цены любой другой единицы товара. А это возможно лишь в том случае, когда никакая единица товара не может заменить какую-либо другую единицу этого же товара. Предполагается, что: 1) никакую из единиц товара, проданную на одном рынке, нельзя передать на другой рынок; 2) никакую из единиц спроса, предъявленного на одном рынке, невозможно перевести на другой рынок. При этих допущениях на рынке возникнут условия, при которых дискриминация позволит монополисту извлечь наибольшие выгоды - идеальная (совершенная) дискриминация.

Теория, описанная в данной работе А. С. Пигу, в настоящее время вошла во все учебники экономики.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007
Jonas Pontusson
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2005, 256 с.
What are the relative merits of the American and European socioeconomic systems? Longstanding debates have heated up in recent years with the expansion of the European Union and increasingly sharp political and cultural differences between the United States and Europe. In Inequality and Prosperity, Jonas Pontusson provides a comparative overview of the two major models of labor markets and welfare systems in the advanced industrial world: the "liberal capitalist" system of the United States and Britain, and the "social market" capitalism of northern Europe. These two models balance concerns of efficiency and equity in fundamentally different ways. In the 1990s the much-heralded forces of globalization (together with demographic changes and attendant political pressures) seemed to threaten the very existence of the social-market economies of Europe. Were the social compacts of Sweden and Germany outmoded? Would varieties of capitalism remain possible, or were labor-market and social-welfare arrangements converging on the U.S. norm? Pontusson opposes the notion of inevitable convergence: he believes that social-market economies can survive and indeed flourish in the contemporary world economy. He bases his argument on an enormous amount of highly specialized research on eighteen countries, using national-level data for the last thirty years. Among the areas he explores are labor-market dynamics, income distribution, employment performance, wage bargaining, firm-level performance, and the changing possibilities for the welfare state.
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