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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 155


Опубликовано на портале: 22-04-2004
В книге Людвига Эрхарда, немецкого экономиста и государственного деятеля, суммирован его опыт разработки и практического осуществления хозяйственной реформы в послевоенной Германии (ФРГ). Эта реформа вошла в историю под названием "немецкое чудо" и послужила образцом для многих стран мира, решавших сходные задачи перехода от "принудительно направляемого хозяйства" к социальной рыночной экономике. Книга предназначена для студентов и преподавателей ВУЗов, экономистов, управленцев, политиков и практиков осуществления хозяйственных реформ.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Gosta Esping-Andersen
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 218 с.
The Golden Age of postwar capitalism has been eclipsed, and with it seemingly also the possibility of harmonizing equality and welfare with efficiency and jobs. Most analyses believe that the emerging postindustrial society is overdetermined by massive, convergent forces, such as tertiarization, new technologies, or globalization, all conspiring to make welfare states unsustainable in the future. Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies takes a second, more sociological and more institutional, look at the driving forces of economic transformation. What, as a result, stands out is postindustrial diversity, not convergence. Macroscopic, global trends are undoubtedly powerful, yet their influence is easily rivalled by domestic institutional traditions, by the kind of welfare regime that, some generations ago, was put in place. It is, however, especially the family economy that hold the key as to what kind of postindustrial model will emerge, and to how evolving tradeoffs will be managed. Twentieth-century economic analysis depended on a set of sociological assumptions that, now, are invalid. Hence, to better grasp what drives today's economy, we must begin with its social foundations.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 03-03-2004
Gosta Esping-Andersen
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990, 248 с.
Few discussions in modern social science have occupied as much attention as the changing nature of welfare states in Western societies. Gsta Esping-Andersen, one of the foremost contributors to current debates on this issue, here provides a new analysis of the character and role of welfare states in the functioning of contemporary advanced Western societies. Esping-Andersen distinguishes three major types of welfare state, connecting these with variations in the historical development of different Western countries. He argues that current economic processes, such as those moving toward a postindustrial order, are shaped not by autonomous market forces but by the nature of states and state differences. Fully informed by comparative materials, this book will have great appeal to all those working on issues of economic development and postindustrialism. Its audience will include students of sociology, economics, and politics.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 06-01-2004
James E. Foster, Amartya Sen
Oxford: Claredon Press, 1997
In this classic text, first published in 1973, Amartya Sen relates the theory of welfare economics to the study of economic inequality. He presents a systematic treatment of the conceptual framework as well as the practical problems of measurement of inequality. In his masterful analysis, Sen assesses various approaches to measuring inequality and delineates the causes and effects of economic disparities. Containing the four lectures from the original edition as well as a new introduction, this timeless study is essential reading for economists, philosophers, and social scientists.

In a new introduction, Amartya Sen, jointly with James Foster, critically surveys the literature that followed the publication of this book, and also evaluates the main analytical issues in the appraisal of economic inequality and poverty.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005
Norman Gemmell
Статья представляет собой обзор различных вариантов моделирования внешних эффектов высшего образования с точки зрения моделей роста и человеческого капитала. Большая часть статьи посвящена также эмпирическому материалу по данной теме.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2004
The subject of this papers will be the experiences relating to pension fund regulations from the point of view of their safety of operations in five counties of Central and Eastern Europe (Hungary, Poland and Bulgaria, Estonia and Lithuania). In analysing the socially safe functioning of pension funds, special attention has been devoted to institutions supervising the pension fund.

Опубликовано на портале: 05-03-2004
Yves Guerard, Glenn Jenkins
San Francisco: ICS Press, 1993
The authors of "Building Private Pension Systems" have attempted to distill the experience they have gained from halping design pension systems in a number of countries. Points of the book: 1) pension trust; 2)old age pension; 3)pensions - low and legislation; 4) principles of pension plan development; 5)advantages of funded pensions in a market economy; 6) investment regulations for pension funds etc.

Standard of Living [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-01-2004
Amartya Sen
Ред.: Geoffrey Hawthorn
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 139 с.
Amartya Sen reconsiders the idea of ‘the standard of living’. He rejects the more conventional economic interpretations in terms of ‘unity’ and of wealth or ‘opulence’, and suggests an interpretation in terms of the ‘capabilities and freedoms’ that states of affairs do or do not allow. His argument is conceptual, but it refers to a wide range of examples. In elaborations of it, John Muellbauer explains how parts of it might be applied; Ravi Kanbur discusses the difficulties raised by choice ex ante, under uncertainty, and choice ex post; Keith Hart discusses the ways in which one might think about living standards in societies in which there is a substantial amount of what he calls ‘self provisioning’ outside the market; and Bernard Williams reflects on some of the moral and political implications of Sen’s argument. There is a bibliography of most of the more important works on the subject. The book will be of interest to economists, sociologists, students of development and moral and political philosophers; it will also be of interest to those concerned with public policy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005
Josh Hillman, David Robertson
Один из отчетов Национального комитета по изучению проблем высшего образования в Великобритании, посвящённый проблемам доступа к высшему образованию выходцев из низших социально-экономических групп и лиц с физическими недостатками. Анализ статистики и предложения конкретных шагов по решению данных проблем.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007
Torben Iversen
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 336 с.
This book builds on new institutionalist theory in both economics and political science to offer a general political economy framework for the study of welfare capitalism. Based on the key idea that social protection in a modern economy, both inside and outside the state, can be understood as protection of specific investments in human capital, the book offers a systematic explanation of popular preferences for redistributive spending, the economic role of political parties and electoral systems, and labor market stratification (including gender inequality). Contrary to the popular idea that competition in the global economy undermines international differences in the level of social protection, the book argues that these differences are made possible by a high international division of labor. Such a division is what allows firms to specialize in production that requires an abundant supply of workers with specific skills, and hence high demand for protection.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Ailish Johnson
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, cерия "St Antony's Series", 288 с.
Ailish Johnson examines national welfare state regimes of EU Member States and the features of the European Union and the International Labour Organization that encourage cooperation and assure outcomes of supranational cooperation higher than theories of inter-state bargaining or social dumping would predict. By tracing the development of EU and global social policy from the 1950s to today, she identifies policy leaders, resisters and passive states. She concludes with an analysis of the forms and outputs of supranational social policy and suggests limits of social policy in an enlarged European Union.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 06-01-2004
David Lam
Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1997, Volume 1B
This paper surveys a variety of areas in which demographic variables may play an important role in the distribution of income. The first issue considered is the relationship between age structure and inequality, analyzed in Section 2. In addition to its direct importance, the case of age structure is instructive because it demonstrates the need to carefully model the effects of compositional changes when working with measures of dispersion. While compositional effects on measures of dispersion are considerably more complex than compositional effects on means, they often lend themselves to useful analytical decompositions.

Many researchers argue that households, rather than individuals, should be used as the basis for analysis of the distribution of income. Using the household as the unit of analysis introduces a host of demographic issues relating to marriage, fertility, and household living arrangements. Section 3 focuses on the large literature that has analyzed the effects on the distribution of income among married couples of marital sorting and the joint labor supply behavior of husbands and wives. Section 4 extends the analysis beyond married couples to the household, analyzing issues related to the choice of recipient unit and the treatment of family size.

Another important topic with broad applications is the issue of changing population composition due to differential fertility, migration, and mortality by income classes. Section 5 analyzes the effects of differential fertility across income classes on the distribution of income. The analysis includes consideration of the role of intergenerational mobility across income classes.

Section 6 discusses the attention given to the effects of population growth on relative wages by the classical economists and considers theoretical issues in the link between changes in factor supplies and changes in the distribution of income. Empirical evidence on the link between population growth, wages, and inequality in historical and modern populations is briefly surveyed.

Section 7 discusses the substantial changes in wage inequality observed in the US in recent decades, and considers evidence on the role of demographic variables, especially age structure, in those changes. Most research suggests that changes in labor supply associated with the baby boom played a substantial role in some of the changes in relative wages observed in the 1970s and 1980s. The empirical evidence also demonstrates, however, that demographic variables are considerably less important than changes in the structure of labor demand. Section 8 concludes the paper.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-04-2004
Первый в мировой практике учебник по человеческому развитию, подготовленный совместно
российскими учеными и международными экспертами. Его подготовка и публикация осуществлены
по итогам проведения на экономическом факультете МГУ двухлетней магистерской программы
по человеческому развитию в рамках Проекта ПРООН RUS/98/021.

Учебник издан на русском (464 стр.) и английском (383 стр.) языках. Русское издание содержит
более подробную информацию по Российской Федерации, однако фундаментальный
подход в обоих изданиях сохраняется: история и основные принципы концепции; экономические
аспекты человеческого развития (экономический рост, неравенство, безработица, и уровень
жизни); демографические аспекты человеческого развития (здоровье, продолжительность
жизни, старение, рождаемость, репродуктивное здоровье); влияние образования на человеческое
развитие; роль государства, гендерное неравенство и вопросы охраны окружающей среды
применительно к развитию человеческого потенциала.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 06-01-2004
Ред.: Martha Craven Nussbaum, Amartya Sen
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993, 328 с.
This work addresses issues of defining and measuring the quality of life. Leading philosophers and economists examine recent developments in the philosophical definition of well-being and link them to practical issues such as the delivery of health care and the assessment of women's quality of life. The volume reflects the growing need for interdisciplinary work as economists become more aware of fundamental philosophical questions and philosophers of the importance of linking theoretical enquiries to an understanding of complex practical problems.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2003
Ред.: Avner Offer
New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, 312 с.
Is wealth the same as happiness? How is the quality of life to be evaluated, measured and most importantly, achieved? The authors provide provocative answers to these questions and many others in this interdisciplinary study which covers a variety of topical issues the environment, women and the family, the impact of advertising and consumerism, and the role of government.

Is wealth the same as happiness? How is the quality of life to be evaluated, measured, and most importantly, achieved? The articles here provide provocative and engaging answers to these questions in this new, multidisciplinary and pragmatic approach to an important area of social research. Taking the individual as the point of departure, the contributors consider both objective circumstances and their subjective impact on peoples lives. Topics include the psychology of subjective well-being, destitution and basic needs, the environment, women and the family, illness and health, employment and work, and the role of the state.