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Макроэкономика - раздел современной экономической теории, в рамках которого изучаются такие феномены как экономический рост, колебания деловой активности, инфляция и безработица, а также вопросы макроэкономической политики. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 5

Книги

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т УФ Х Ц Ч Ш Щ ЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K LM NOP QR S T U V WXYZ
 
Названия:
все АБВГДЕЖЗИЙК Л МНО П РС ТУФХЦЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A BC D E F G HI JKLM N O PQR ST U VW XYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
Existing models of contagious currency crises are summarized and surveyed, and it is argued that more weight should be put on political factors. Towards this end, the concept of political contagion introduced, whereby contagion in speculative attacks across currencies arises solely because of political objectives of countries. A specific model of membership' contagion is presented. The desire to be part of a political-economic union, where maintaining a fixed exchange rate is a condition for membership and where the value of membership depends positively on who else is a member, is shown to give rise to potential contagion. We then present evidence suggesting that political contagion may have been important in the 1992-3 EMS crisis.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-09-2003
Torsten Persson, Guido Tabellini
2003
This paper surveys the recent literature on the theory of macroeconomic policy. We study the effect of various incentive constraints on the policy making process, such as lack of credibility, political opportunism, political ideology, and divided government. The survey is organized in three parts. Part I deals with monetary policy in a simply Phillips curve model: it covers credibility issues, political business cycles, and optimal design of monetary institutions. Part II deals with fiscal policy in a dynamic general equilibrium set up: the main topics here are credibility of tax policy, and political determinants of budget deficits. Part III studies economic growth in models with endogenous fiscal policy.

Опубликовано на портале: 01-09-2003
Torsten Persson, Guido Tabellini
2003
Observed fiscal policy varies greatly across time and countries. How can we explain this variation across time and countries? This paper surveys the recent literature that has tried to answer this question. We adopt a unified approach in portraying public policy as the equilibrium outcome of an explicitly specified political process. We divide the material into three parts. In Part I, we focus on median-voter equilibria that apply to policy issues where disagreement between voters is likely to be one-dimensional. We thus study the general redistributive programs which are typical of the modern welfare state: redistribution between rich and poor, young and old, employed and unemployed, resident of different regions, and labor and capital. In Part II we study special interest politics. Here the policy problem is multi-dimensional and we focus on specific political mechanisms: we study legislative bargaining, lobbying, and electoral competition, as well as the possible interactions between these different forms of political activity. Finally, Part III deals with a set of questions that can be brought under the label of comparative politics. Here we deal with policy choice under alternative political constitutions; we model the rationale for separation of powers and contrast the stylized features of congressional and parliamentary political systems, focusing on their implications for rent extraction by politicians, redistribution and public goods provision.

Опубликовано на портале: 09-11-2004
Ред.: Paul Davidson
Brookfield: Edward Elgar, 1994, 309 с.
Working from Keyness revolutionary analysis of a money-using entrepreneurial economy, this important new book presents a real world alternative to the basic macroeconomic analytical model. In Post Keynesian Macroeconomic Theory, Paul Davidson addresses the limitations of conventional mainstream New Classical and New Keynesian analysis for developing successful economic policies.
Important features of this book include an aggregate supply and demand analysis that does not rely on aggregate supply imperfections, such as inflexible wages and prices or co-ordination failures, to demonstrate the existence of involuntary unemployment; the application of Keyness original 1936 closed economy analysis to an open economy engaged in significant international trade in order to resolve international balance of payments problems; and the argument that both old and new Keynesian analytical models were logically incompatible to Keyness analysis, and so led to unsuccessful policies.
Students are encouraged to return to the path of Keyness analysis which can be applied to understand real world economic problems and to design policies to resolve them. Unlike other textbooks, Post Keynesian Macroeconomic Theory challenges the orthodoxy, providing students of economics with a useful analytical framework as well as a clear understanding of how and why mainstream economics has gone wrong.

Опубликовано на портале: 27-07-2004
This paper documents the evidence for a productivity based model of the dollar/euro real exchange rate over the 1985-2001 period. Authors estimate cointegrating relationships between the real exchange rate, productivity, and the real price of oil using the Johansen (1988) and Stock-Watson (1993) procedures. They find that each percentage point in the US-Euro area productivity differential results in a five percentage point real appreciation of the dollar. This finding is robust to the estimation methodology, the variables included in the regression, and the sample period. Authors conjecture that productivity-based models cannot explain the observed patterns with the standard set of assumptions, and describe a case in which the model can be reconciled with the observed data.
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