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все АБВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМ НОП РС Т У ФХ ЦЧШ ЩЭЮЯ
A B CDE F G H IJK L M N OPQ R S T U V W XY Z
 
Названия:
А БВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМН ОПР СТ УФХЦ ЧШЩЭЮЯ
A B C D EF GH I JKLM N O P QR S T UV WXYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Achim Fock, Peter Weingarten, Olaf Wahl, Mikhail Prokopiev
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 271-297 с.
The paper analyzes the impact of different agricultural trade policies on Russia’s bilateral trade patterns, price and quantity changes, and welfare effects for producers, consumers, and the state budget. Three experiments are simulated using a partial equilibrium model based on the Armington approach. The results show that the current situation of import tariff-free trade between Russia and other CIS countries has small positive welfare effects for the Russian Federation in comparison to a situation where import tariffs between these countries were to be imposed.

However, according to the results, an elimination of import tariffs against all trading partners is preferable for Russia in terms of net welfare. An increase in discriminatory trade barriers against non-CIS countries would cause overall welfare losses for the Russian economy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Andrzej Kwiecinski, Natasha Pescatore
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 111-127 с.
The level of support provided to Russian agriculture, as measured by the Producer Subsidy Equivalent (PSE), may be used as a criterion to divide the period from 1986 to 1997 into three distinct phases: a phase of very extensive support during the Soviet period, a phase of negative at the beginning of the transition period and increasing in more recent years, with the exception of 1997 when the level of support fell again. It is highly likely that Russia’s PSE will fall again in 1998 as a result of the strong devaluation of the ruble in August 1998, further cuts in budgetary support for agriculture and some reductions in charges on food imports.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Witold-Roger Poganietz
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 129-153 с.
Since the opening of the Russian economy in January 1992, exchange rate policy has become an important instrument in the reform and stabilization process. After the real effective exchange rate of the agriculture and food sector had risen continuously since 1992, the introduction of the target system in June 1995 supported its stabilization from 1994.

The changed exchange rate policy leading to low inflation resulted in high real interest rates, deteriorating potential domestic investment possibilities. However, the breakdown of the foreign exchange market and the financial system in summer 1998 has revealed that establishing a target system is no panacea for economic problems, even though it is a credible nominal anchor in a comprehensive reform package.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Mark W. Rosegrant, Claudia Ringler, Michael S. Paisner
Berlin, 2000
In order to understand the future of food supply and demand and food security, it is essential to focus on the long-term, fundamental drivers, such as income and population growth, and technological change in agriculture as influenced by investments in agricultural research, irrigation, and other factors.

In the remainder of this paper we take a new look into the future role of agricultural research and technology development in world food markets based on alternative scenario simulations with IFPRI’s IMPACT model. The paper starts out by very briefly describing the model, and then presents and discusses alternative scenarios with a focus on the role of technological change.
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