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все АБВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМ НОП РС Т У ФХ ЦЧШ ЩЭЮЯ
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А БВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМН ОПР СТ УФХЦ ЧШЩЭЮЯ
A B C D EF GH I JKLM N O P QR S T UV WXYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
David J. Sedik, Michael A. Trueblood, Carlos Arnade
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 495-512 с.
In this paper, we consider the extent to which there has been genuine restructuring of Russian corporate farms by oblast and attempt to explain the various levels of farm restructuring by oblast.

To do this, we measure the average level of technical efficiency of crop production on corporate farms by oblast over the period 1991-1995 and the change in technical efficiency by oblast over that period. We find that many of the producing regions that were relatively efficient before the reforms have maintained this status since reforms began. However, the most inefficient regions have become even more inefficient. We also find that variations in efficiency by oblast can be explained by economic and institutional factors, including shocks in relative prices, average farm size, the extent of state marketing channels, the degree of privatization, subsidy levels, and movement towards crop specialization.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Peter Tillack, Eberhard Schulze
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 447-470 с.
The transitional countries have adopted different approaches toward privatizing and restructuring farms. This paper shows that large family farms and agribusinesses may be more efficient than small farms and that the property rights of land and asset owners in Russia and the Ukraine are restricted.

A survey conducted in Novosibirsk province reveals that 78.6 percent of the respondents working in agriculture disapproved of the selling and buying of farmland. Finally, farm and management structures in the transition countries of central and eastern Europe are outlined, and the relative dissimilarity of land distribution is assessed through the use of Gini coefficients
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