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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 7

Книги

Авторы:
АБВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМ НОП РС Т У ФХ ЦЧШ ЩЭЮЯ
A B CDE F G H IJK L M N OP Q R S T U V W XY Z
 
Названия:
все А БВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМН ОПР СТ УФХЦ ЧШЩЭЮЯ
AB C D EF GH I JKLM N O P QR S T UV WXYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Karen Macours, Johan Swinnen
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 9-35 с.
Economic reforms have induced different output and productivity changes in Russia, China and the transition countries of Eastern Europe. The main objective of this paper is to analyze what has caused these differences in performance. We discuss how initial conditions and reform policy choices affect changes in property rights, production organization, terms of trade, and the liberalization of the economy. We analyze how these, in turn, have affected economic performance.

The hypotheses are tested by quantitative analysis. We conclude that it is a combination of both initial conditions and reform policy choices which has caused the differences in performance.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Karen Macours, Johan Swinnen
Berlin, 2000
This paper analyzes the causes of the differences in transition performance in agriculture. The analysis draws on three empirical studies in which we estimated the impact of reform policies and initial conditions, and their 'intermediate results', (i.e. changes in relative prices, farm restructuring, changes in property rights and overall economic liberalization), on performance, i.e. agricultural productivity and output.

Two studies (Macours and Swinnen, 1999, 2000b) use aggregate data for 15 transition countries (as presented in figure 3); the third (Macours and Swinnen, 2000a) uses annual data on crop output for eight CEECs.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
John Staatz, Carl Eicher
USA: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990
Книга является сборником исследований, посвященных развитию сельского хозяйства в развивающихся странах.

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
David J. Sedik, Michael A. Trueblood, Carlos Arnade
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 495-512 с.
In this paper, we consider the extent to which there has been genuine restructuring of Russian corporate farms by oblast and attempt to explain the various levels of farm restructuring by oblast.

To do this, we measure the average level of technical efficiency of crop production on corporate farms by oblast over the period 1991-1995 and the change in technical efficiency by oblast over that period. We find that many of the producing regions that were relatively efficient before the reforms have maintained this status since reforms began. However, the most inefficient regions have become even more inefficient. We also find that variations in efficiency by oblast can be explained by economic and institutional factors, including shocks in relative prices, average farm size, the extent of state marketing channels, the degree of privatization, subsidy levels, and movement towards crop specialization.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Mark W. Rosegrant, Claudia Ringler, Michael S. Paisner
Berlin, 2000
In order to understand the future of food supply and demand and food security, it is essential to focus on the long-term, fundamental drivers, such as income and population growth, and technological change in agriculture as influenced by investments in agricultural research, irrigation, and other factors.

In the remainder of this paper we take a new look into the future role of agricultural research and technology development in world food markets based on alternative scenario simulations with IFPRI’s IMPACT model. The paper starts out by very briefly describing the model, and then presents and discusses alternative scenarios with a focus on the role of technological change.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Hans Binswanger, Ernst Lutz
Berlin, 2000
Rural growth is necessary for reducing rural poverty. But rural regions cannot generate sustained growth in agricultural demand unless they trade with cities, neighboring countries, and the rest of the world. That is the first problem. The second is that world trade in agricultural and agro-industrial products has grown slower than general trade—and developing countries have not been able to capture as large a share of trade growth in agriculture as in industry. This has constrained agricultural growth and diversification in the developing world.

We argue here that developing countries will have to continue their agricultural policy reforms. But the main focus has to be on the constraints on agricultural trade imposed by developed countries—and on the prospects for reducing them in the current round of WTO negotiations. Export subsidies should be outlawed. Domestic producer subsidies reduced. Access under tariff quotas increased. Tariff escalation on processed agricultural products removed. And the level and the dispersion of bound tariffs on agricultural imports reduced.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ред.: Norman Uphoff
USA: Earthscan Publications Ltd, 2002, 272 с.
В книгу собраны научные работы с конференции по проблематике состояния предложения продовольствия в будущем. Появляется возможность сравнить двух подходов в производстве продукции – агроэкологический метод с широко используемой на сегодня производственной практикой. В сборник вошли дискуссии по проблемам достижения устойчивого развития сельского хозяйства в развивающихся странах Латинской Америки, Азии, Африки и необходимым реформам.