Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 62
Complementarity in the Innovation Strategy: Internal R&D, External Technology Acquisition, and Cooperation in R&D [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Bruno Cassiman, Reinhilde Veugelers
Successful innovation depends on the development and integration of new knowledge in the innovation process. In order to successfully innovate, the firm will combine different innovation activities. In addition to doing own research and development, firms typically are engaged in the acquisition of knowledge on the technology market and cooperate actively in R&D with other firms and research organizations. In this paper the authors provide evidence on complementarity between different innovation activities. Using data from the Community Innovation Survey on Belgian manufacturing firms, the authors show that firms that are only engaged in a single innovation strategy, either internal R&D activities or sourcing technology externally, introduced fewer new or substantially improved products compared to firms which combine internal and external sourcing. This result is consistent with complementarity between own R&D and external technology sourcing activities. Furthermore, the authors show that the different innovation activities are strongly positively correlated and identify common drivers, resulting in the perceived complementarity between these innovation activities. An important finding is that a capacity to strategically protect intellectual property and a more basic R&D base which may serve as an absorptive capacity, are important common drivers for the different innovation activities.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Julia Connell, John Nolan
Performance appraisal and managing performance are they one and the same or fundamentally different? The first suggests a reactive stance while the second indicates proactivity. Although effective performance management has been touted as the key lever for change that may boost individual and team accomplishment in organisations, the results will be limited if it is a case of old wine in new bottles. Specifically, the preliminary results of two case studies indicate that performance management systems operate in the same way as old performance appraisals. Some interviewees perceived that knowing how to play the corporate game was as important as performing well. Those who play the game well, were perceived as advancing in the organisation, while those who performed but did not play the game were left confused about their performance, and subsequently, their future. Initial data analysis suggests that if managers want to introduce more innovative ways of managing performance, the solution could be in the level and frequency of informal feedback occurring between managers and employees.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Danielle Devogelaer
This paper examines the refocusing activity of multi-business firms in the European Union. Theory and empirical data are offered to argue that diversification has diminished during the 90s, although not as vastly and widespread as we expected. In this paper, you may seek an explanation for the observation that most of the firms the researches study remain remarkably diversified. Therefore, the author investigate the extent and determinants of diversification and refocusing across a sample of 277 leading European manufacturing firms. The results confirm that refocusing happens mainly at firm level. Above that, the author refine the general refocusing belief in distinguishing between conglomerate diversification and technology and market concentric diversification. You may also see that conglomerate diversification decreases throughout the 90s, but that the resource based technology and market concentric diversification are gaining momentum.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Geert Duysters, John Hagedoorn
This paper contributes to the understanding of the importance of dynamic firm capabilities for corporate performance in isolating the effect of core competences on the performance of companies. It discusses and tests the assumed relation between core competences and economic performance, including the effect of the external appropriation of these competences through mergers and acquisitions as well as through strategic technology alliances. A major conclusion is that, particularly in high-tech sectors, a specific set of endogenous technological core capabilities is needed to generate performance differentials. Also, the external appropriation of competences does not seem to be an easy solution through which companies can improve their existing capabilities.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Teresa Canet Giner, Fernando J. Peris Bonet, Ana Redondo Cano
This paper tries to show the relationship between strategic process and process performance, considering the influence of a contextual dimension of organisational complexity. The authors introduce the term vertical complexity, which as considered more related to process. Correlation analysis show the influence of both intention and rationality in the process performance with low levels of vertical complexity in the firm. For high levels of vertical complexity, process and performance are not so strongly related, confirming only partially some of our hypotheses. The final sample were 112 big Spanish firms corresponding to very different industries.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Maurizio Giuli
This paper sets out to assess the ability of Europes textile manufacturers to respond to the competitive challenge of low-cost producers from Eastern Europe and the Far East. In doing so it utilises Porters framework of the competitive advantage of nations to analyse the changing conditions under which the industry operates. The paper highlights the differing structure of the textile industry in the UK and Italy in order to demonstrate that the impact of competition may vary across the EU market as a whole. The conclusion suggests that the ability of European producers to resist the threat from low cost producers of textiles will lie in their ability to extend the strategy of developing high value added products directed towards the top-end of the market to embrace the middle range of consumers and it argues that the industrial groupings which feature collaborative but independent clusters of firms are most likely to succeed in this objective.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Anna Grandori
The paper outlines a new pluralistic method for analyzing, assessing and improving corporate governance structures in their traits relevant both for financial and for human capital providers. The framework seeks to enlarge the rather universalistic approach to governance structures ranking used in the economic (principal-agent) approach, introducing sensitiveness to some relevant contingencies. Among the contingencies, task complexity and innovativeness is supposed to matter, as well as the configuration of motivations and preferences of capital providers which are supposed not to be uniform but to be predictable in their main configurations. The framewok is design-oriented and aimed at improving corporate governance configurations in a generative way, based on the discovery of superior matches between the preferences of different cathegories of capital providers over governance mechanisms (rather than focused, as usual, on the comparative assessment of discrete realized models). The approach is relational in two ways: it builds governance structures on pairwise analyses of effective matches among preference configurations; it builds governance structures as nexuses of complementary governance mechanisms (effective matches among mechanisms).
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Jan Grund, Bjorn Hennestad, Jon-Arild Johannesen, Agneta Karlsson, Johan Olaisen
The objective of this paper is to contribute to a perspective on economic performance; i.e. the interaction between norms specific to a company, the knowledge basis of the company and innovation. The main questions in this article are: What is the connection between norms specific to the company, the knowledge basis of the company and innovation? The main thesis in the article is that a companys capabilities are primarily developed on the basis of social norms and values already existing in the social relations of the company. This in turn influences how the company develops and applies the knowledge basis, thus influencing innovation strategies.
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Magnus Hellstrom
The importance of product paths on assembly lines have since long been acknowledged. What if the same idea was applied to the paths of project supplies? Could the description and perception of such journeys, reaching throughout the supply chain to the already operating outcome of the whole project, be of interest in management science? This study aims at implicating ways of facilitating and enhancing site based project management. This is not done in the same way as for an assembly line, but, instead, empirical methods brought about through participant observation will be used.
The structure and significance of strategic episodes: social systems theory and the routine practices of strategic change [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002John Hendry, David Seidl
In this paper we draw on Niklas Luhmanns social systems theory, and in particular his concept of an episode, to guide research into strategic practice and its relationship to the operating routines of an organization. Episodes, in Luhmanns theory, provide a mechanism by which a system can suspend its routine structures and so initiate a reflection on and change of these structures. Applying this theory to the organisational process of strategic change, the authors draw attention to the routine nature of strategic episodes and to their organisational role as the effective locus of strategic practice and the interaction between strategic and operating routines.
Recent Board Research: Insights from across Europe on Innovations in Practice, Teaching and Research about Boards of Directors and Corporate Governance [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Morten Huse
Are there some generic characteristics of European management research on research be described compared to mainstream research from USA? Is there a need to develop a distinct European research and teaching agenda? And how can European corporate governance researchers make contributions on the international arena? These are some of the issues that will be raised and discussed in this paper.
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Morten Huse, Hans Landstrom
Boards of directors and corporate governance debates have been highly focused in the business press and even in research, but few universities offer courses on these topics. In this paper a research and teaching model is introduced, and we will show some examples of how such courses may be designed and how they relate to research. Examples are given for executive courses, undergraduate courses and graduate courses. The paper concludes by presenting the second international doctoral course on governance in SMEs.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Paula Jarzabkowski
This paper draws upon activity theory to analyse an empirical investigation of micro strategy, identified here as strategy as practice, in three UK universities. Activity theory provides a framework of four interactive components from which strategy emerges; the collective structures of the organisation, the primary actors, in this research conceptualised as the top management team (TMT), the practical activities in which they interact and the strategic practices through which interaction is conducted. Using this framework, the paper focuses specifically on the formal practices involved in direction setting, resource allocation, and monitoring and control. Strategic practices are found to be idiosyncratic to the interpretative context in which they are used and this is associated with different patterns of strategy as practice in each institution. Strategic practices are also associated with a tendency towards stability in one case study but are evolving and being reinterpreted in the other two cases. Drawing upon the activity theory framework, this finding is used to model the tendencies for continuity or change in the three case studies, depending upon the way that practices either distribute shared interpretations or mediate between contested interpretations of strategy within the activity system. This modelling is used to examine the relationships between strategic practices and strategy as practice in organisational continuity and change.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Ulla Johansson, Lisbeth Svengren
This paper describes the theoretical frame of reference and research methods for a planned research program. The aim of the program is to explore different patterns of collaboration and power games between industrial designers, engineers and marketers. Two main theoretical strategies will be used: On one hand, we are trying to understand the different professional groups own sense-making of the situation. This is done through symbolic interactionism and Weick's theoretical perspective. On the other hand we also try to understand the collaboration from an outside analysis or a deconstruction influenced by Latour and Cooren.
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Dominique Jolly
The paper distinguishes between two types of inter-firm alliances: endogamy and exogamy. Endogamy occurs when partners share related profiles. On the opposite, exogamy appears when allies exhibit unrelated profiles. It is suggested that endogamy serves for accumulating similar resources and gaining scale effects while exogamy allows the combination of differentiated competences and the achievement of symbiotic effects. Two different cases are employed to infer practical recommendations regarding how these different types of partnerships should be managed.