Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 62
Опубликовано на портале: 26-04-2005Ana M. Moreno, Jose C. Casillas
The objective of the present paper is to propose an integrative and explanatory model of the high-growth companies (gazelles). The present paper analyses high-growth firms (also known as gazelles) in the light of three different theoretical focus: (1) model about firm growth; (2) literature about strategic change and renewal; and (3) entrepreneurship field. An integrative model of radical growth of gazelle firms is proposed. This model combines the contributions of each stream of literature and allows the identification of a wide range of relationships among the main variables.
Organizational Improvisation: An Empirically-Based Exploration of an Innovative Management Concept [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-08-2003Miguel Pina e Cunha, Joao Vieira Da Cunha, Ken Kamoche
Drawing on a grounded theory research we present a model of organizational improvisation which asserts that this phenomenon is triggered by an unexpected important event brought about by a moderate level of turbulence, relying on a minimal structure and simple resources. The success of improvisation is shown to be affected by the level of equivocality and by the perceived level of task complexity, and results in increased group cohesiveness and faster and less costly future actions. In conclusion the authors argue in favor of a contingency view of organizational improvisation and contend that our model suggests the possibility of a dialectical approach to organizational improvisation.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Patrick Regner
This paper examines how managers create and develop strategy in practice. It reports findings of an in-depth investigation of managerial activities and associated learning dynamics in strategy creation, the generation and development of radically new strategies. Managerial and learning activities on different organizational levels, their influence on strategy development, and relationship to strategic change are examined. A dual longitudinal case methodology, including a single in-depth case study combined with a multiple retrospective case study is used, involving four multinational companies. The findings show a twofold character of strategy creation including an adaptive and a creative strategy motor of strategic change involving fundamentally different learning dynamics, reflecting their diverse location and social embeddedness. Adaptive learning dynamics were based on exploitation and refinement of prevailing industry and resource structures and involved a deductive reasoning or sensemaking as regards strategy, including knowledge assimilation activities such as formal intelligence and routine experiences. Creative learning dynamics evolved in the periphery of the organizations and were more remote from existing values and beliefs. They predominantly involved exploration and inductive sensemaking, including activities like informal noticing and creative experiments. The exploration/exploitation trade off interaction between the two strategy motors resulted in tension, which finally triggered strategic change.
Sustainable Development and Sustainability of Competitive Advantage: A Dynamic and Sustainable View of the Firm [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Miguel A. Rodriguez, Joan Enric Ricart, Pablo Sanchez
Does the need for sustainable development hinder businesses ability to create value? Is firms competitiveness negatively affected by considering that need? After quickly reviewing the main literature contributions on the relationship between business and society, and drawing from resource-based view of the firm and sustainable development literature, this paper presents a proposal for a dynamic and sustainable view of the firm. It shows how considering the changes introduced into the competitive landscape by sustainable development influences the way in which companies develop their resources, capabilities and activities, fostering the persistence of competitive advantages based on knowledge and innovation.
Strategising in and through micro-practices and social contexts: A structuralist perspective [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Linda Rouleau
The structurationist perspective offers a pertinent avenue of reflection for renewing knowledge in strategy. By considering strategy as a structure of social activity, the structurationist perspective provides an understanding of how strategy, through the use of rules and resources, is produced and reproduced in the interactions of knowledgeable and reflexive agents. To illustrate this point of view, the author present two episodes that demonstrate how ties with clientele are transformed in daily life in a top-of-the-line clothing company undergoing reorganisation. Analysis of these episodes highlights three micro-practices of structuration of strategy: translating the orientation, disciplining the client, and justifying the change. The analysis also demonstrates that strategic activity is, by overcoding, embedded in contexts such as industry and society. The paper ends by outlining the elements of a structurationist perspective of strategising.
Dependency Without Patronage: What Network Organization Can Learn from Managerial Network Dynamics in a Matrix Organization [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002Andrej Rus
This paper aims to explain the dynamics of interpersonal relationships in a matrix organization in order to offer clues for understanding the roadblocks in building a modern network organization. The emphasis on interpersonal dynamics is not new after all it was a central concern of human relations school but systematic research has been scarce. With the advances in social network analysis pioneered by Burt (1982) it became possible to take a fresh view on interpersonal dynamics in organizations.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002E.Grifell Tatje, Pilar Marques Gou
This paper proposes the assessment of sustained superior performance by means of two measures called Static Performance and Dynamic Performance. The first evaluates the attained superior performance, and the second gauges its sustainability over time. This proposal builds primarily on the fact that, under the strategic management perspective, a firm's prevalent objective is the pursuit of sustained superior performance. Three basic conceptual dimensions stem from this objective: relativity, sign dependence, and dynamism. They serve as the foundation to the two performance measures presented. In contrast to the measures and methods in extant literature, our proposal provides: (i) a dynamic approach by considering the progress or regress in performance over time; and (ii) a cardinal measurement of performance differences and its changes over time. The paper also develops an axiomatic framework that any measure of strategic performance should comply to be theoretically and managerially sound. Finally, an empirical application to the Spanish banking sector during 1987-1999 is used to illustrate the measures.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Fredrik Tell
This paper explores the notion of corporate coherence by relating it to models of experiential learning. It is suggested that corporate coherence is a determinant of strategic direction and competitive advantages of firms. Moreover, the composition of learning activities implies the range and extent of corporate coherence, due to various problems associated with myopia of learning (Levinthal and March 1993). The paper specifies a model for analyzing corporate coherence in a learning framework. The paper suggests that corporate coherence, while being a necessary component in understanding strategic management, is a multi-faceted concept. It implies multi-level learning, where learning substitution (due to simplification and specialization) takes place both within each learning activity, as well as between activities.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Angelique Toit
This paper aims to bridge the pluralism which exists in strategy formulation by approaching the subject from the unrelated discipline of postmodernism. At the very heart of the pluralism which has divided both the theoretical and practical approach to strategy is an either/or mentality. What is proposed with the arguments discussed in this research is an and approach to understanding strategy. As will be discussed, this approach does not prescribe or discredit what has gone before, nor is it a restriction of the diversity advocated. On the contrary, it recognises current and previous theories and applications to strategy forming the necessary parts of what collectively depicts the pastiche nature of strategy formulation. Every one of the different approaches to strategy has or had a role to play in the creation of the field of strategy. But this paper demonstrate the dominance of the functionalist approach to strategic formulation. Such a belief is underpinne by assumptions based on an objective reality which exists external to the organisation.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002David Tranfield, David Denyer, Palminder Smart
Undertaking a review of the literature is an important part of any research project. The researcher both maps and assesses the relevant intellectual territory, in order to specify a research question, which will further develop the knowledge base. However, traditional 'narrative' reviews often lack rigour, and in many cases are not undertaken as genuine pieces of investigatory science. Consequently they can lack a means for making sense of what the collection of studies is saying. These reviews can be biased by the researcher and often lack rigour. Further, the use of reviews of the available evidence to provide insights and guidance for intervention into the operational needs of practitioners and policy-makers has largely been of secondary importance. For practitioners making sense of a mass of often contradictory evidence has become progressively harder. The quality of evidence underpinning decision making and action has been questioned, for inadequate or incomplete evidence seriously impedes policy formulation and implementation. In exploring ways in which evidence-based management reviews might be achieved, the authors evaluate the process of systematic review used in the medical sciences. Over the last 15 years medical science has attempted to improve the review process by synthesising research in a systematic, transparent and reproducible manner with the twin aims of enhancing the knowledge base and informing policy making and practice. This paper evaluates the extent to which the process of systematic review can be applied to the management field in order to produce a reliable knowledge stock and enhanced practice by developing context sensitive research. The paper highlights the challenges in developing an appropriate methodology.
Assessing the Structural Change of Strategic Mobility Determinants under Hybercompetitive Environments [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Jose Angel Zuniga Vicente, Jose David Vicente Lorente
In this exploratory study, the authors set out to develop and test a dynamic and integrative framework on strategic change. On the basis of theoretical arguments and prior empirical evidence from the adaptation and inertial perspectives, the researchers propose an original empirical model to examine whether potential determinants of strategic change remain stable over time in a hypercompetitive environment. The authors look for an answer to this question in the Spanish private bank industry during a period of high strategic mobility as consequence of continuous and drastic environmental transformations. The results strongly support that the effect of potential determinants of strategic mobility in this industry did not remain stable over the whole period of analysis. From this point of view, the study sheds new light on major debates and dilemmas in the field of strategy regarding why firms change theirs competitive patterns over time, and hence whether the adaptation and inertial views really must be considered as complementary perspectives. Furthermore, the paper introduces two important methodological innovations which facilitate future empirical replies. First, the definition and measurement of strategic change by employing a new grouping method, the MCLUST. Second, the control of the non-observable heterogeneity using panel data models for logit regression.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Evert-Jan Visser, Ron Boschma
The paper is structured as follows. Section 1 introduces learning as a process of change in cognitive structure, and considers the learning model of Nooteboom (2000). Section 2 discusses the genesis of Italianate industrial districts, analysing the role of social capital in this regard and considering their innovation performance. Section 3 addresses the importance of dissimilar regional clustering processes for learning, focusing on a case of locked-in cluster development. Section 4 considers the impact of various regional clustering and networking processes in the light of Nootebooms learning models. Section 5 presents some conclusions.
Managing Knowledge and Action in Organizations; Towards a Behavioral Theory of Organizational Learning [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008Max Visser
Current theories of organizational learning tend to concentrate on the mental states of organization members. Knowledge management is a good example in case. In this article a number of objections are raised against this emphasis on mental variables, elaborated in a critical analysis of the concept of knowledge management. As an alternative, a behavioral theory of organizational learning is presented, based on the work of Bateson, Weick and Skinner. Central concepts in this theory are proto-learning and deutero-learning, which are outlined in general terms and applied to organization and management.
Опубликовано на портале: 10-01-2003Jeanette Wetterstom
This paper concerns a certain way of approaching and analysing the practice of management in terms of performance and theatrical events. It discusses a theatrical mode of communication, and aims at exploring the dividing line between public/private within managerial practices and procedures. A manager presents him or her self in public. Here some concepts and insights are brought from the discipline of theatre studies, and analogously, management is regarded as performative acts and as managerial styles are becoming expressed through series of actions. The aim of the paper is first and foremost to discuss a methodological framework for applying theatre studies to management research (for example, costume design, lighting effects, dramaturgy of events), and to discuss some illustrating examples.
Production Development within China: Cultural Difference within International Joint Ventures [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003Andrew B. Williams, Xudong Zhang
This paper examines the underlying nature of production development, its relationship to industry & markets within China, & its implications for Western collaboration. A substantive literature review is supported by a case illustration, selected from a random sample of low technology manufacturing companies.