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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 39

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А Б В Г Д Е ЖЗ И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P QR S T U V W X Y Z
 
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все А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ НО П Р С Т У ФХЦ Ч ШЩЭ ЮЯ
1 A B C D EF G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
В 1989 году норвежский экономист Тригве Хаавельмо получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за внесение ясности в теорию вероятности, а также за анализ одновременных экономических структур. Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию. Её автор посвятил использованию математических методов (в частности простейших эконометрических моделей) в анализе государства благосостояния. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-03-2004
Данная публикация представляет нобелевскую лекцию американского экономиста Дэниела МакФаддена по случаю получения им в 2000 году премии памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за развитие экономической теории и эконометрических методов для анализа дискретного выбора. В лекции автор излагает проблему экономического выбора, с которой сталкивается индивид во время принятия решения. Материал изложен простым английским языком и находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-01-2004
Daniel Berkowitz, David N. DeJong
Berlin, 2000
In previous work BERKOWITZ and DEJONG, used regional commodity-price data covering the period 1993-96 to document the existence of an internal economic border that divides Russia into two distinct economic regions: the ‘Red Belt’ and the ‘rest of Russia’. The Red Belt represents a group of regions that have broadly resisted the implementation of federally initiated market reforms. Here, we extend this work by quantifying two economic implications of this internal border. First, we show that the Red-Belt border has limited the transmission of price signals to regions within the Red Belt. Second, we show that regions within the Red Belt have experienced extremely poor growth performances relative to Russia as a whole.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-07-2005
Ред.: Luigi L. Pasinetti, Robert M. Solow
New-York: St. Martin Press, 1994, 388 с.
This volume collects some of the papers presented at the 82nd Round Table Conference of the International Economic Association, that was organised in collaboration with Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei. The book considers different approaches to the analysis of economic growth and it is organised in five parts. Par I is devoted to "empirical evidence". Part II contains six papers, which present a series of models based on different approaches, but with special emphasis on endogenous growth and on Schumpeterian models of growth and fluctuations. Part III of the book is devoted to the impact of international trade on economic development. Part IV examines the effects of economic development on the natural environment. The final part of the book (Part V) contains the concluding evaluations.

Contributors: P. Aghion, R. Aversi, D. Ben-David, G. Bertola, O. Castellino, F. Donati, G. Dosi, W. Easterly, S. Fabiani, C. Freeman, R. Goodwin, J. Helliwell, E. Helpman, P. Howitt, R. King, M. Landesmann, R. Levine, S. Lombardini, K-G. Maler, W. D. Nordhaus, L. L. Pasinetti, S. Rebelo, A. Sen, L. Soete, R. M. Solow, M. Syrquin, B. Verspagen, S. Zervos
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Опубликовано на портале: 18-03-2004
Данная публикация представляет нобелевскую лекцию американского экономиста Роберта Уильяма Фогеля по случаю получения им в 1993 году премии памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за работы в области новой экономической истории. В докладе автор пытается выявить и описать влияние различных процессов на проводимую экономическую политику. Лекция написана простым английским языком и находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Jikun Huang, Ruifa Hu, Hans van Meijl, Frank van Tongeren
2003
China has made a major investment in biotechnology research. Genetically modified (GM) cotton is widely adopted and the list of GM technologies in trials is impressive. At the same time there is an active debate on when China should commercialize its GM food crops. The overall goal of this paper is to provide an economy-wide assessment of these issues under various scenarios. Based on a unique data from empirical micro-level study and field trial in China and a modified GTAP model, our results indicate that the development of biotechnology has an important impact on China.s production, trade and welfare. Welfare gains far outweigh the public biotechnology research expenditures. Most gains occur inside China. Policy makers should put less weight on the international dimension in making their decisions on biotechnology development.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Melinda Smale
Berlin, 2000
This paper organizes evidence on the problem of in situ conservation for rice, wheat, and maize around the decision-making criterion of the minimum viable reserve (Krutilla, 1967). Put simply, Krutilla argued that while technological change can compensate for the depletion of some stocks, amenities that members of post-industrial society (and developing societies) consume may be lost. Acknowledging that too little was known about the instrumental variables in this dynamic problem, he recommended the identification, based on scientific assessments, of a minimum reserve. He argued that these reservations should meet not only scientific purposes but also the demand for “esoteric” or recreational consumer tastes, such as the enjoyment of the existence of a grand scenic wonder. Similarly, though modern biological techniques can in some instances modify the size of the crop genetic resource stock, proponents of in situ conservation of cultivated crops would argue that certain alleles may be lost as the spatial pattern of crop varieties grown in the fields of the world’s farmers changes with economic development. Furthermore, some food-related amenities around which culture is now defined in local communities and “esoteric” (luxury) food attributes for which consumers in post-industrial societies could eventually be willing to pay may also disappear.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-03-2004
Данная публикация представляет нобелевскую лекцию американского экономиста Дагласа Сесила Норта по случаю получения им в 1993 году премии памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за исследования в области экономической истории с применением экономической теории для объяснения экономических и институциональных изменений. В лекции автор попытается кратко описать все свои достижения в области экономической истории и подвести итог своим исследованиям в ней. Материал изложен простым английским языком и находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте "Премии".
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
В 1983 году американский экономист французского происхождения Жерар Дебре получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за внедрение новых аналитических методов в экономическую теорию и переформулировку теории общего равновесия. Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию. В ней автор поднимает вопрос об эффективности использования математических методов для решения разного родя экономических проблем. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Bahaeddin Najafi, Mohammad Bakhshoodeh
2002
To evaluate the government intervention effects on growth of rice production in Iran, the nominal protective rate was calculated and a Nerlove supply model was applied to a time series of 1983- 1998. The results showed that in the majority of these years, producers has not been supported and therefore, redirecting the rice market is recommended. In order to get more efficient approach than the government intervention, diminishing the share of the government in the market and strengthening the private sector may be listed on the top of a list that could be regarded as a plan for making rice production profitable.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Laszlo Karpati, Zsolt Csapo, Laszlo Kozar
2002
The change of the political Hungarian regime in 1990 affected deeply the economy of the country. This change made effects in each national branch, thus in the agriculture, as well. A lot of new companies dealing with agricultural production and trading has also been established in these years. Since the early ‘90s a lot of EU support programmes were available targeting these enterprises and providing them to strengthen their competitiveness. One of these programmes was the PHARE IPP Project for the subsidisation of the agricultural investments (between 1996-1998). The University of Debrecen was involved in the implementation, monitoring and assessment process of this project. Based on the results and suggestions of the university, new supporting elements have been built into the subsidisation programme of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in the recent years, further enhancing the position of Hungarian farms before joining to the EU.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
John Helming, Jack Peerlings
Durban, 2003
A modelling system is presented and used to analyse the effects of EU dairy policy reform (Agenda 2000 and milk quota abolition with and without decoupled direct income payments) on Dutch agriculture and economy. The modelling system consists of a regionalised, agri-environmental, partial equilibrium, mathematical programming model of agriculture supply in the Netherlands integrated into a mixed input- output model. It was e.g. found that decoupling of direct income payments gives an extra stimulus to milk production after milk quota abolition. However, the increase in milk production is restricted by nutrient and manure policies in the Netherlands. It is also found that, although the total effect on Dutch GDP is limited, the income effects for individual industries can be large. Moreover, economy wide effects for non- agricultural industries exceed changes for agriculture.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Rafaela Dios Palomares, Jose Miguel Martinez Paz
Zaragoza, 2002
This study investigated the efficiency and productivity change of a sample of food distribution units (MERCAs) in Spain over the 1.997-1.999 period, applying non-parametric frontier methodology in a sales efficiency framework. We specified a mean sales model composed of two blocks of variables, the production block, and the marketing management block. Then we applied output oriented DEA methodology to perform the efficiency analysis, also taking into account the overall efficiency decomposition into pure and scale efficiency. The Malmquist index was calculated in order to analyse the components of the productivity change.

The mean pure sales efficiency index was high, around 0.8, the mean scale index being 0,9. As appears from the results, six food distribution units were efficient, but some of the wholesale markets need to adapt their sales technology in order that their input bundle reaches a Most Productive Scale Size unit.

We found no evidence of technical change during the period considered, but concluded that a notable scale efficiency change took place during the studied period.

To summarise, we conclude that improvement in sales efficiency could be reached in the studied sector in both the pure and the scale efficiency.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Cristina Brasili
2003
In the course of the past decades major transformations in the Italian food industry induced considerable structural changes: on one hand, the creation of large industrial groups, with substantial input of foreign capital and, on the other, the concentration and geographic specialisation of numerous small and medium enterprises, with the formation of specific and typical agri-food local system(districts).To take account of the presence of food districts the analysis of the Italian food industry could not be conducted at national and regional level but it has to be studied at province and local level. It is also useful to analyse the food industry with reference to the different sub-sectors.

We will conduct an in-depth analysis of the local systems(districts) of two sectors meat and fruit and vegetables processing. We will use balance-sheet data of the processing firms that were active in the meat (446 firms) and fruit and vegetables (227 firms) sub-sector in the years from 1996 to 1999. The analysis will consider the most significant balance sheet ratios, such as returns, productivity and labour cost in these local systems. Then, we will consider the economic assessment of the firms belonging to local systems of the two sectors and compare with the non district firms .For the efficiency analysis will estimate a stochastic frontier production function in order to determine the ‘district effect’. This analysis will also be directly correlated with investment in technological innovation. The economic and efficiency analysis confirms for many aspects the presence of a ‘district effect’ in the Italian food industry.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2002
Wendelin Kupers
2002
The most basic way in which managers are involved in their performances are their embodied, emotional and expressed inter-+-action respectively. inter-+-passion. In perceiving and enacting the embodied life-worlds of their daily work and inter-+-relations the same are felt and constituted symbolically as meaningful.
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