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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 42

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А Б В Г Д Е ЖЗ И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P QR S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ НО П Р С Т У ФХЦ Ч ШЩЭ ЮЯ
1 A B C D E F G H IJKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Nataliya Pustovit, P. Michael Schmitz
Durban, 2003
Agricultural protection in industrialized countries and price distortions in developing countries are accused to hamper economic and agricultural development and are partly responsible for poverty and hunger in the Third World. A multi-commodity multi-country comparative static trade model is used to simulate the impact of different policy scenarios in this typical second best world for the case of South Africa.

Special emphasis is given to the disincentive effect of production and to endogenous policy responses in South Africa. In conclusion South Africa could benefit a lot by liberalizing trade and agricultural policies world wide, although it is an importer for most of the considered commodities.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Myrna van Leeuwen, Andrzej Tabeau
2002
This paper examines the influence of animal premiums under the CAP beef and ewe regime on beef and sheep meat farming in the Netherlands concerning instruments like stock density limits, quota on premium rights and premium payments. On the basis of econometric models, equations are estimated for beef cows1, bulls and ewes. Then, the impacts of the different policy instruments on the stocks are decomposed. At last, prospects of Agenda 2000 on the Dutch beef and ewe sector are calculated up to 2010. For policy makers, the study offers information on the effectiveness of animal premium instruments to manipulate beef and sheep meat production. For Dutch farmers, the study offers information to what extent premium instruments might influence the decision to incline or reduce their stocks.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Anna Haring, Stephan Dabbert
2004
Organic farming has a long tradition in Europe. Policy support played a significant role in stimulating the growth of organic farming. However, large differences in the development stage of the organic sector exist between Member States and regions as the policy environment for organic farming differs significantly between Member States. This paper investigates the relationship between organic farming and measures implemented within the Rural Development Regulation. The status quo of support from second pillar measures for organic farming systems is compared to that of standard production and the impact of these measures on the organic farming sector is identified in 6 selected Member States (Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK and France). The attractiveness of the different RDP measures for farms with organic production compared to farms with conventional production is evaluated via detailed qualitative and where available quantitative analyses of relevant provisions. All nine measures (agri-environmental programmes, investment support, Less Favoured Area payments, support for processing, marketing, and training) are discussed with a focus on the measures ‘agri-environment’, ‘processing and marketing’, ‘investments into agricultural holdings’and ‘training’. Most of the analysed national RDPs have a considerable potential for supporting organic farming. Organic farming is considered as one possible mechanism to achieve the sustainable development objectives and is addressed specifically in certain measures. Nevertheless, most of these priority areas still bear the potential for a more targeted support of organic farming.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Erly C. Teixeira, Luiz A. Cypriano
Durban, 2003
Focusing on changes in agricultural policy, this paper examines the economic impacts on MERCOSUL member country economies arising from the creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and a free trade area between MERCOSUL and the European Union (MERCOEURO). Four simulations are run using the Global Trade Analysis Project's (GTAP) applied general equilibrium model. The results suggest these new trade alliances would cause an increase in MERCOSUL agribusiness production and a decrease in manufactures production. In all scenarios, agricultural trade flows are greatly altered, expanding MERCOSUL agribusiness exports. Economic growth for the MERCOSUL countries increases only in the MERCOEURO scenarios. The elimination of agriculture production and export subsidies by members of the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) and European Union (E.U.) has strong economic impacts on the MERCOSUL member countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Lutz Laschewski, Bettina Matzdorf, Christian Schleyer
2004
Current research on the impact of agri-environmental schemes under the Rural Development Regulation (EC) 1257/99 (RDR) stresses the institutional, structural and cultural diversity, but also the wide range of natural conditions that shape the implementation processes. Furthermore, those agri-environmental policy instruments are closely linked to the development and institutionalisation of an European environmental policy in general and to a number of European directives, such as the ‘Habitat’ Directive, in particular. While taking the implementation of Article 16 of the RDR in the German federal state of Brandenburg as an illustrative case, we are aiming at developing a wider understanding of the implementation process and its regional impacts. In particular, we argue that it is necessary to understand the regional agrienvironmental discourse to which regional administrations refer to, the rationale of the administration itself and the mechanisms of decision making at the regional level. Regional administrations follow their own legitimate agendas and do not simply apply given measures, but modify and try to integrate them into wider regional strategies. In the case presented, we show that the regional administration’s foremost concern to link political goals with given budgetary constraints resulted in a reshuffling of funds between schemes funded by different sources. We also show that European regulations are enforcing administrative procedures that do influence the design of agri-environmental schemes in a way that raises doubts about their environmental effectiveness. Finally, we argue, that the presumably sharp distinction between statutory environmental rules versus voluntary agri-environmental schemes is blurred in practice. Instead, they appear to be complementary in nature.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Bruno Vindel
2004
Complying with the legal framework of EU regulation 1257/99, the implementation of the rural development pillar of the CAP in France takes over several measures constitutive of previous programs, and institutes significant innovations, reflecting both the evolution of French rural territories and the political choice of a more sustainable and multifunctional agriculture. That is why, before describing the organisation and methodology of the recently completed midterm evaluation, this paper emphasises the present trends of evolution in French rural zones. The lessons learned from the evaluation will be then detailed, in the third part of the paper.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2002
Michael Christie, John Chamard, Chad Perry, Pat Rowe
2002
There is a significant gap in the understanding of internal management operations within regional development boards. The deficiency has implications for research methods in this area. The current debate on realism in case study research has examined the selection of an appropriate research methodology. The circumstances to be researched (Eisenhardt 1989; Glasser & Strauss 1967; Yin 1989) and the theoretical paradigm adopted by the researcher (Guba & Lincoln 1994; Layder 1993; Outhwaite 1983) determine the research methodology in case study research. This paper builds on contributions to this debate by Perry, Alizadeh and Riege (1997) and Perry (1998) that describe the circumstances and paradigm that best argue for the use of case study method. Further, this paper adds to this debate and sets out an example of a case study approach for the analysis of the qualitative data to ensure methodological rigor. In turn, it outlines outlines an approach for the analysis of qualitative data through multi-level analysis.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Erwin Schmid
2004
The aim of this paper is to analyse the question whether the recent Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform is counter-productive to the objectives of the rural development programme or alleviating the attainment of its objectives. Austria is chosen as a case study because i) the rural development programme is more important than commodity policies as measured by total transfers, and ii) agricultural services and inseparable secondary activities have a relatively large share on total agricultural sector output. An agricultural sector model is presented that captures core features of the rural development programme including: a) broad regional, structural and activity differentiation, b) sufficient coverage of programme components (in particular agri-environmental measures), and c) secondary activities addressed by the programme. Simulation results show that the recent CAP reform will reduce the cost of production, lessen environmental harm and make the programme for rural development more attractive for farmers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Renee Kim, Milton Boyd
2002
Country of origin labeling and brand labeling play important roles in affecting purchasing behavior of buyers in the Korean beef supply chain. This paper presents a model which explain differences in the attitudes and purchase behaviors of three marketing groups regarding country of origin and other important quality attributes. The results show some of the diversity of buyers’ attitudes, preferences and willingness to pay for different country of origin and brand of foreign packers in three marketing groups.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Liesbet Vranken, Johan Swinnen
2002
This paper uses data from a survey of more than 1,400 farming households in Hungary to identify a set of profiles of farming households, which are active in the rental market and to estimate econometrically the impact of household characteristics, such as social, physical, and human capital, as well as regional and environmental characteristics on land rental activities. We show that the decision of farming households to lease in land is related to their land endowment, their access to capital assets, human capital variables such as age and education and their social capital. Environmental factors are also important.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
В 1976 году американский экономист Милтон Фридман получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за достижения в области анализа потребления, истории денежного обращения и разработки монетарной теории, а также за практический показ сложности политики экономической стабилизации.

Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию; в ней автор рассматривает взаимосвязи между такими макроэкономическими понятиями как: инфляция и безработица и измерение с их помощью экономического роста экономики страны. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-03-2004
Данная публикация представляет нобелевскую лекцию американского экономиста Джеймса Миррлиса по случаю получения им в 1996 году премии памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за фундаментальный вклад в экономическую теорию стимулов при наличии асимметричной информации. В докладе автор подводит итог основным свом исследованиям. Лекция написана простым английским языком и находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-03-2004
Данная публикация представляет нобелевскую лекцию американского экономиста Джозефа Стиглица по случаю получения им в 2001 году премии памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за анализ рынка с асимметричной информацией. В лекции автор пытается объяснить феномен информации как фактора производства в экономике. Материал изложен простым английским языком и находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Jan Grund, Bjorn Hennestad, Jon-Arild Johannesen, Agneta Karlsson, Johan Olaisen
2003
The objective of this paper is to contribute to a perspective on economic performance; i.e. the interaction between norms specific to a company, the knowledge basis of the company and innovation. The main questions in this article are: What is the connection between norms specific to the company, the knowledge basis of the company and innovation? The main thesis in the article is that a companys capabilities are primarily developed on the basis of social norms and values already existing in the social relations of the company. This in turn influences how the company develops and applies the knowledge basis, thus influencing innovation strategies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Markus Hanisch, Volker Beckmann, Silke Boger, Marcus Brem
2002
Studies of the transition process remind us of Stiglitz’s comparison between pathology and the economic analysis of institutions (1989): asking what went wrong and what did not is the essence of understanding the functioning of social systems. Thus, carefully conducted empirical studies of the transition process itself may yield elucidative results applicable not only to theory but also to institutional policy changes in transition. This paper presents the key findings of KATO, a comprehensive research project focussing on the transition process of agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe. From 1997 to 2000, the project empirically examined processes of liberalization and market development, privatization and property rights changes, as well as restructuring and path dependencies in three Central and Eastern Europe countries: Poland, the Czech Republic and Bulgaria. Conclusions on three analytical levels are drawn: (1) the empirical design for analyzing rapidly changing and evolving institutions in transition economies, (2) the suitability of different theoretical approaches for understanding transition, and (3) policy recommendations targeting better governance and an improved institutional framework.
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