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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 39

Книги

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е ЖЗ И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P QR S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ НО П Р С Т У ФХЦ Ч ШЩЭ ЮЯ
1 A B C D E F G H I JKL MN O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
David Vanzetti, Ralf Peters
2003
Proposals for agricultural trade reform put forward by the main protagonists remain far apart, with little sign of convergence. In an attempt to progress the negotiations towards a successful outcome, the chairman of the WTO Committee on Agriculture has proposed a compromise. The alternative proposals by the United States, the European Union and the WTO are analysed with the Agricultural Trade Policy Simulation Model, a static, multi-commodity, multi-region, partial equilibrium trade model. The estimated annual global welfare gains are $26 billion, $12 billion and $17 billion respectively. Least developed countries, as a group, gain from the US proposal but are made worse off under the WTO and EU proposals. Furthermore, in the best case many individual countries experience welfare losses. However, all countries enjoy increased export revenues and tariff revenues hold up quite well under the two less stringent proposals.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-10-2004
Astrid Kunze, Christian Dustmann
2001
In this paper, authors investigate differences in entry wages, and wage growth for young male and female workers during their first 2 decades in the labour market. Their analysis looks at Germany, and consider skilled workers who all went through the German apprenticeship system. There is a line between jobs which are predominantly male, jobs which are predominantly female, and jobs which have fairly equal percentages of the two gender. Individuals choose either of these occupational categories. Results show that wage growth is steeper in female jobs for both males and females. This is in contrast to what life cycle models explaining job selection would predict. The explanation is that male jobs are traditionally blue collar jobs, while female jobs are predominantly service jobs. The technological changes over the passed two decades may have enhanced productivity more in the latter category.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 10-01-2003
Jeanette Wetterstom
2002
This paper concerns a certain way of approaching and analysing the practice of management in terms of performance and theatrical events. It discusses a theatrical mode of communication, and aims at exploring the dividing line between public/private within managerial practices and procedures. A manager presents him or her self in public. Here some concepts and insights are brought from the discipline of theatre studies, and analogously, management is regarded as performative acts and as managerial styles are becoming expressed through series of actions. The aim of the paper is first and foremost to discuss a methodological framework for applying theatre studies to management research (for example, costume design, lighting effects, dramaturgy of events), and to discuss some illustrating examples.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Carolyn Erdener
2003
This paper focuses on managerial ethics research from an intercultural and international business perspective. This new and highly complex research area remains under-researched in comparison with other fields of study in international business management. The paper begins with an overview of a number of exploratory empirical analyses of ethical decision making among comparable groups in Asia, Europe, Latin America and North America. Recommendations derived from a critical evaluation of these pilot studies are then incorporated into the design of a large-scale cross-sectional empirical analysis of managerial and economic ethics across socioeconomic and cultural environments. Specific suggestions for sample selection, integration of qualitative and quantitative approaches, and instrumentation are included.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Marie-Joelle Browaeys, Saskia J.M. Harkema
2001
In this paper the authors bring forward a new way of thinking about innovation and the relation between innovation, culture and management. As opposed to what the authors label traditional ways of thinking about organisations and innovation, which are mainly based on Newtonian equilibrium theory and scientific principles of management developed by Taylor (1911), the authors regard innovation as a complex process. This means that, metaphorically speaking we view innovation as a complex adaptive system (CAS). According to Holland (1995) complex adaptive systems exhibit emergence and selfregulation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Max Visser
2002
Current theories of organizational learning tend to concentrate on the mental states of organization members. Knowledge management is a good example in case. In this article a number of objections are raised against this emphasis on mental variables, elaborated in a critical analysis of the concept of knowledge management. As an alternative, a behavioral theory of organizational learning is presented, based on the work of Bateson, Weick and Skinner. Central concepts in this theory are proto-learning and deutero-learning, which are outlined in general terms and applied to organization and management.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Anne Kleemola
2002
The aim of this study was to develop a methodology for companies operating in supplier networks that need improving and also for new ventures starting in the business that could find the competitive advantage of networking. This paper describes methods for developing a supplier network with the help of the strategic supply chain positioning matrix combined with the benchmarking process. The methodology is applicable both to mature existing companies and new ventures. In the implementation phase it is also possible to consider the view of several different stakeholders. The empirical results illustrate the applicability of the methodology in mature companies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Julia Connell, John Nolan
2002
Performance appraisal and managing performance are they one and the same or fundamentally different? The first suggests a reactive stance while the second indicates proactivity. Although effective performance management has been touted as the key lever for change that may boost individual and team accomplishment in organisations, the results will be limited if it is a case of old wine in new bottles. Specifically, the preliminary results of two case studies indicate that performance management systems operate in the same way as old performance appraisals. Some interviewees perceived that knowing how to play the corporate game was as important as performing well. Those who play the game well, were perceived as advancing in the organisation, while those who performed but did not play the game were left confused about their performance, and subsequently, their future. Initial data analysis suggests that if managers want to introduce more innovative ways of managing performance, the solution could be in the level and frequency of informal feedback occurring between managers and employees.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-03-2004
Данная публикация представляет нобелевскую лекцию американского экономиста Даниэля Канемана по случаю получения им в 2002 году премии памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за пионерские исследования в области психологии принятия решений и экспериментальной экономики. В лекции автор пытается рассмотреть начальные моменты теории рационального поведения индивида. Материал изложен простым английским языком и находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
John Sumelius, Zoran Grgic, Milan Mesic, Ramona Franic
Durban, 2003
The aim of this paper is to identify optional ways of preventing NO3-levels from rising within Croatian farming systems, and the implications from the viewpoint of the manager. More specifically, the purpose is to

1) Determine whether Croatian farmers exceed profit maximising levels of N-fertiliser use in maize cultivation, and its possible influence on NO3-N-levels.

2) To estimate the marginal abatement cost (MAC), at the farm level, of reducing NO3-N leaching through the following instruments: a tax on optimal N-doses, a product tax and an N-fertiliser quota and a requirement for all instruments to correspond to the same abatement level.

Based on N-response experiment from feld trial for maize N-response curves were estimated. A sample of 20 family farms was used for calculating intensity, nutrient content in manure, and the prices paid for N and obtained for maize. Profit maximising doses from the field trials were compared with the use of nutrients on farms. An effluent production function was estimated based on experiments with NO3-N contents in lysimeter water for the same treatment levels as those in the N-response experiments. The results indicate that farmers use higher than optimal levels of N-fertilisers, if the manure is fully accounted for. In this case the estimated NO3-N/l level in groundwater is 162-192 % higher than the critical level stipulated by the Nitrate Directive. Neglecting the N-content in manure shows close to profit maximising nutrient levels . At this fertlising level the estimated NO3/l is approximately 62 mg NO3/l or clearly higher that the critical level stipulated by the nitrate directive (50 mg NO3/l). Through any of the three instruments a 76% NO3-leaching reduction could be obtained. It was concluded, however, that the quota has the lowest MAC (0.92 euro/mg NO3/l), followed by the N-fertiliser tax (3.65 euro/mg NO3/l), and the product tax comes in third place (9.32 euro/mg NO3/l). Management practices that may increase yield levels, and correspondingly NO3-leaching in the short and long run, were also identified. One way to achieve a quick improvement might be a system of cross compliance, stipulating a code of good agricultural practices.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Ред.: Vittorio Santaniello, David Zilberman, Robert Evenson
2002, 368 с.
Книга представляет собой сборник работ, представленных на конференции, организованной Международным консорциумом по исследованиям биотехнологий в сельском хозяйстве (The International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research) в Равелло, Италия, 2000г. Тематика исследований является актуальной и широко обсуждаемой на мировом уровне – производство и потребление генетически-модифицированной продукции (ГМП). Основные части книги – отношения потребителя на информацию о ГМП, вопросы государственного регулирования, отношения фермеров к генетически-модифицированному сырью, изменения в промышленной организации наук и продовольственных секторах.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Karl M. Ortner
2004
The evaluation of rural development programs in the EU should provide information on the implementation and impacts of EAGGF co-financed programs in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) Nr. 1257/1999, help to re-orient existing programs in terms of their goals and budget allocation in order to improve the administration, implementation and the achievements of their targets. This presents an overview of mi-term evaluation results of measures to improve marketing of agricultural quality products in Austria. They are offered in the rural areas of all federal states and received 2.4 Mio. € of public assistance in the years 2000 to 2002; 179 projects were approved during that period. The effects of the measures undertaken were estimated according to the guidelines of the European Commission, DG AGRI, on the basis of monitoring data collected at the application stage and data from a questionnaire. The results are discussed with a view to isolate indicators which would allow for an unambiguous ranking of programs.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ludwig H. Lauwers, Guido Van Huylenbroeck
Durban, 2003
A new method for analysing environmental efficiency, based on the materials balance, is proposed. With this method, an environmental allocative efficiency measure can be defined analogously to the more commonly used economic allocative efficiency. Nutrient surplus in pig fattening, a typical balance indicator, is used to illustrate the concept in a two input - one output case. The materials balance based efficiency analysis is elaborated using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Results are compared with those of more common, merely input or output oriented DEA approaches. A main conclusion is that, ignoring the balance feature of environmental issues such as nutrient surplus might be a main reason why traditional integral analyses of economic and environmental efficiency yield contradictory conclusions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
В 1975 году советский экономист и математик Леонид Витальевич Канторович получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за развитие теории оптимального распределения ресурсов. Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию; в ней автор рассматривает различные аспекты применения математических методов в экономическом анализе, такие как: виды этих методов, сложности, возникающие с экономической интерпретацией полученных математических результатов, и перспективы их дальнейшего использования. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
В 1970 году американский экономист Пол Самуэльсон получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за научную работу, развившую статическую и динамическую экономическую теорию и внесшую вклад в повышение общего уровня анализа в области экономической науки. Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию; в ней автор обращает внимание читателей на необходимость применения математических методов для анализа ряда экономических ситуаций. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию