Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 7
National Differences in the uptake of EU Agrienvironmental Schemes: An Explanation /доклад на 87 семинаре ЕААЕ, Assessing Rural Development Policies of the CAP, Vienna, Austria, 21-23 April 2004 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005Thilo Glebe, Klaus Salhofer
The number of agri-environmental programs, as well as the share of agricultural land covered under these programs, varies significantly between EU member states. We analyze national differences in the uptake of agri-environmental programs by developing a model of countries’ political objective function. Based on this model we identify six factors which may explain the extent to which agri-environmental policies are implemented: environmental benefits, opportunity costs of participation, financial budget pressure, the share of program expenditures financed by the EU, contribution to the EU budget, and political weight attributed to farmers’ income. The conceptual approach is then supplemented by an empirical analysis.
NATURAL RESOURCE COLLECTION WORK AND CHILDREN'S SCHOOLING IN MALAWI / доклад на 25 конференции IAAE, Reshaping Agriculture’s Contribution to Society, International Convention Centre, Durban, South Africa, 16-23 August 2003 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003Flora J. Nankhuni, Jill L. Findeis
This paper presents results of research that investigates if long hours of work spent by children in fuel wood collection and water collection activities, hereafter referred to as resource (collection) work, are related to the probability that a child aged 6-14 will attend school. Possible endogeneity of resource work hours is corrected for, using two-stage conditional maximum likelihood estimation. Using data from a 1997-98 Malawi Integrated Household Survey (IHS) conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO), the study finds that children are significantly involved in resource collection work and their probability of attending school decreases with increases in hours spent on this work. The study further shows that girls spend more hours on resource work and are more likely to be going to school while burdened by this work. Consequently, girls may find it difficult to progress well in school. However, girls are not necessarily less likely to be attending school. The results further show that presence of more women in a household is associated with a lower burden of resource work on children and a higher probability of children.s school attendance while that of men is not. Finally, the study shows that children from the most environmentally degraded districts of central and southern Malawi are less likely to attend school and few of them have progressed to secondary school compared to those from the north region districts.
Negotiated order in inter-organizational relations: Toward an institutional theory of stakeholder negotiations [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002Juha-Antti Lamberg, Grant T. Savage, Kalle Pajunen
In this study we analyze possible links between new institutional economics and stakeholder management models. The authors' preliminary findings fit with the traditional political organization argument: namely that firms organizational decision-making include explicit and implicit aspects, shaped by institutional and technical constraints, and that decisions have to be balanced from this perspective. As an illustrative empirical material the authors use failed merger and acquisition process between United Airlines and US Airways 2000 2001. The basic theorizing methods used in this paper are the alternate template strategy, and comparative analysis between the two readings (texts). The authors suggestion is that the two theoretical frameworks are complementary, and could be useful when studying / estimating the influence of inter-organizational negotiations to organizational decisionmaking, and especially strategizing.
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2007Ronald Philip Dore
Geneva: International Labor Organization, 2004, 85 с.
The Sixth Nobel Peace Prize Social Policy Lectures were given in Tokyo from 1 to 3 December 2003. Professor Ronald Dore, Associate Researcher at the London School of Economics delivered the series, which was organized in collaboration with Tokyo University and the ILO Office in Japan. The theme of the lectures was "New Forms and Meanings of Work in an Increasingly Globalized World". Ronald Dore, a Fellow of the British Academy and an Honorary Foreign Fellow of both the Japanese Academy and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, is renowned for his pioneering work, analysing the transformation of labour markets in Japan and other industrial societies. The lectures focused on the evolution of work and relations at work with special reference to industrial societies. They were delivered in four separate sessions, and dealt with the following themes: (i) The pains and rewards of work in the twenty-first century; (ii) The concrete meanings of labour flexibility; (iii) The direction of social change and (iv) Global markets and national employment systems. Drawing on his academic contributions, spread over several decades, Dore discussed a range of analytically important issues concerning the course and the consequences of globalization within and across countries of the world. These issues included productivity growth, changes in working time, the transformation of workers’ interests into rights, the rise of individualism and metamorphosis of the bread-winner model, the division and fragmentation of the job-for-life model, the rising capital content of labour, flexibility as a tool for improving labour efficiency, the polarization of the workforce and the rise of income inequalities, the changing fortunes of the managerial class, the dilemma of reconciling social justice with meritocracy, competing models of capitalism, and the prospects for securing social justice in the face of rising inequalities. The lectures drew attention to a perceived trend in industrial societies towards a rising tolerance of inequalities. Globalization has always been associated with the rise of “market individualism” and a polarization of the workforce. As the pace of globalization has accelerated in recent years, the outcome has been rising inequality within labour markets. Quite significantly, this is accompanied by a rising tolerance of inequality, notably among the industrialized economies. The lecturer discussed whether this trend could be reversed through national economic and social policies. Even in an era of globalized markets, each country can still initiate a range of independent policy choices; the reach and effectiveness of these choices, however, tend to be circumscribed by the economic and cultural hegemony of industrially advanced economies.
NON-CO2 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM AGRICULTURE: ANALYSING THE ROOM FOR MANOEUVRE FOR MITIGATION, IN CASE OF CARBON PRICING / доклад на 25 конференции IAAE, Reshaping Agriculture’s Contribution to Society, International Convention Centre, Durban, South Africa, 16-23 August 2003 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003Daniel Deybe, Abigail Fallot
Relationships between the greenhouse effect and agricultural activity are usually and firstly considered in terms of the impact of climate change on agriculture. But in reverse, farmers and herders may react to a climate policy imposing a carbon price to GHG-emitting activities, and possibly contribute to the emissions mitigation as well as to carbon sequestration. The degree of efficiency of the reactions will vary across regions of the world and across activities. A methodology considering risk associated with technology changes is proposed for estimating and accounting these reactions under production and resource constraints. For a business-as-usual scenario quantified by the integrated assessment model Image, decisions concerning land-use and alternative practices are modeled. Results indicate that main agricultural activities provide little room for manoeuvre for emissions mitigation.
NON-FARM RURAL ACTIVITIES (NFRA) IN A PEASANT ECONOMY: THE CASE OF THE NORTH PERUVIAN SIERRA / доклад на 25 конференции IAAE, Reshaping Agriculture’s Contribution to Society, International Convention Centre, Durban, South Africa, 16-23 August 2003 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003Jackeline Velazco
Is it feasible to increase income and generate employment in the context of a traditional labour intensive rural industry with strong linkages to an agriculturally backward economy? In order to address this issue, primary data from four villages of Peruvian North Sierra was used. The case of the hat making activity, employing exclusively family labour, purchasing the main input (straw, paja de palma) from Ecuador, and with consumers concentrated on villages and small towns, was investigated. The analysis was made at the market level. Considering the context of a self-employment activity, a theoretical framework was developed to explain the determinants of labour demand, input demand, hat output and labour return. Demand and supply constraints to the expansion of hat making activity were found. Important differences in the value of labour marginal product across the sample were identified. These were mainly associated with the use of varied input quality. Growth based on local demand would not be viable given falls in consumer incomes - mainly farmers - and expected changes in consumer preferences; therefore the growth motor would rest more in market expansion and product diversification to urban consumers.
Nutrient effects on consumer demand: a panel data approach / доклад на 25 конференции IAAE, Reshaping Agriculture’s Contribution to Society, International Convention Centre, Durban, South Africa, 16-23 August 2003 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003Boubaker Dhehibi, Jose Maria Gil, Ana M. Angulo
The objective of this paper is to analyse the Spanish demand for food taking into account the consumer.s concern about the relationship between food diet and health. This concern is forcing food demand analysts to assume that consumer utility is a function of nutrients instead of simply the food products themselves. A CBS demand model has been considered to model the new demand function obtained, which is estimated with a complete panel data set. Ten broad categories, nine nutrients and the most relevant socio-economic variables have been considered. Finally, after an apropriate model selection strategy, expenditure, price and nutrient elasticities, as well as main sociodemographic effects, have been calculated.