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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 38

Авторы:
все А Б В Г Д Е ЖЗ И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P QR S T U VW X Y Z
 
Названия:
А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ НО П Р С Т У ФХЦ Ч ШЩЭ ЮЯ
1 A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Jose Angel Zuniga Vicente, Jose David Vicente Lorente
2002
In this exploratory study, the authors set out to develop and test a dynamic and integrative framework on strategic change. On the basis of theoretical arguments and prior empirical evidence from the adaptation and inertial perspectives, the researchers propose an original empirical model to examine whether potential determinants of strategic change remain stable over time in a hypercompetitive environment. The authors look for an answer to this question in the Spanish private bank industry during a period of high strategic mobility as consequence of continuous and drastic environmental transformations. The results strongly support that the effect of potential determinants of strategic mobility in this industry did not remain stable over the whole period of analysis. From this point of view, the study sheds new light on major debates and dilemmas in the field of strategy regarding why firms change theirs competitive patterns over time, and hence whether the adaptation and inertial views really must be considered as complementary perspectives. Furthermore, the paper introduces two important methodological innovations which facilitate future empirical replies. First, the definition and measurement of strategic change by employing a new grouping method, the MCLUST. Second, the control of the non-observable heterogeneity using panel data models for logit regression.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-03-2004
Данная публикация представляет нобелевскую лекцию американского экономиста Уильяма Викри по случаю получения им в 1996 году премии памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за фундаментальный вклад в экономическую теорию стимулов при наличии асимметричной информации. В докладе автор описывает основные свои исследования и подводит итог проделанной им работе. Лекция написана простым английским языком и находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Bruno Vindel
2004
Complying with the legal framework of EU regulation 1257/99, the implementation of the rural development pillar of the CAP in France takes over several measures constitutive of previous programs, and institutes significant innovations, reflecting both the evolution of French rural territories and the political choice of a more sustainable and multifunctional agriculture. That is why, before describing the organisation and methodology of the recently completed midterm evaluation, this paper emphasises the present trends of evolution in French rural zones. The lessons learned from the evaluation will be then detailed, in the third part of the paper.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Evert-Jan Visser, Ron Boschma
2002
The paper is structured as follows. Section 1 introduces learning as a process of change in cognitive structure, and considers the learning model of Nooteboom (2000). Section 2 discusses the genesis of Italianate industrial districts, analysing the role of social capital in this regard and considering their innovation performance. Section 3 addresses the importance of dissimilar regional clustering processes for learning, focusing on a case of locked-in cluster development. Section 4 considers the impact of various regional clustering and networking processes in the light of Nootebooms learning models. Section 5 presents some conclusions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Max Visser
2002
Current theories of organizational learning tend to concentrate on the mental states of organization members. Knowledge management is a good example in case. In this article a number of objections are raised against this emphasis on mental variables, elaborated in a critical analysis of the concept of knowledge management. As an alternative, a behavioral theory of organizational learning is presented, based on the work of Bateson, Weick and Skinner. Central concepts in this theory are proto-learning and deutero-learning, which are outlined in general terms and applied to organization and management.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
В 1974 году английский экономист Фридрих фон Хайек получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за основополагающие работы по теории денег и экономических колебаний и глубокий анализ взаимосвязи экономических, социальных и институциональных явлений. Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию; в ней автор полемизирует с теми экономистами, которые предсказывают последствия макроэкономической политики, руководствуясь тем, что он назвал "претензией на знание", он бросил им упрек в некритическом восприятии "наукообразности", под которой он понимал грубые построения, базирующиеся на некорректных или не относящихся к существу дела исходных предположениях. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Liesbet Vranken, Johan Swinnen
2002
This paper uses data from a survey of more than 1,400 farming households in Hungary to identify a set of profiles of farming households, which are active in the rental market and to estimate econometrically the impact of household characteristics, such as social, physical, and human capital, as well as regional and environmental characteristics on land rental activities. We show that the decision of farming households to lease in land is related to their land endowment, their access to capital assets, human capital variables such as age and education and their social capital. Environmental factors are also important.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Edilegnaw Wale, Detlef Virchow
Durban, 2003
Crop genetic resources are the building blocks of sustainable agricultural development due to their relevance not only as inputs for variety development but also as indigenous crop insurance mechanisms through traditional variety portfolio management. Their continuous survival is, however, threatened by natural and human driven factors. This threat has induced the need for designing conservation measures. Among the in situ and ex situ conservation options available to conserve crop genetic resources, on-farm conservation has recently attracted enormous attention. To make this option operational, placing incentives (that link conservation with utilization) and removal of perverse incentives are believed to be crucial so that landraces of no immediate interest to farmers can be conserved.

However, before designing sound incentives and/or removing perverse incentives, we have to understand farmers. motives for managing a portfolio of traditional varieties.

To address our objective, we have adopted a utility based model that considers on-farm diversity as a positive externality of farmers. livelihood decisions. Accordingly, on-farm diversity is considered as the derived outcome of farmers. revealed preferences subject to their concerns and constraints. To empirically test the relationships, a Poisson regression model is estimated using rural household survey data collected from 198 sorghum growing farmers in East Ethiopia. The results have shown the most important diversity promoting factors and those factors detaching the link between farmers’ ‘survival first’ motives and their spillover effects on sorghum diversity. Based on the results, the paper concludes outlining the policy implications of the findings.
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