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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 35

Книги

Авторы:
А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ ИЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
AB C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Roberto J. Garcia
Durban, 2003
The Uruguay Round of GATT introduced market disciplines to international trade in agricultural commodities. However, in cases where countries negotiated the right to limit market access, support domestic production at high levels and subsidize exports, the spirit of the WTO rules have been violated. The Norwegian meat market (beef, pork, lamb and mutton, and chicken) situations are studied in terms of the policy implications and WTO commitments. If Norway's policy objective is to target some level of production that satisfies its non-trade concerns, then semi-decoupled income support could be an improvement over a policy mix that simultaneously restricts market access, provides domestic support and applies export subsidies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Shyamal K. Chowdhury
2003
This paper assesses the impact of access to information on farm household.s factor market participation. The paper tries to answer two questions. First, does use of telephone have any impact on farm household's factor market participation decision? Second, correcting for market participation, does use of telephone have any impact on the type of factor adjustment decision? For the first question, the paper uses a bivariate probit to correct for omitted variable bias and for the second question, the paper uses a two stage probit. Empirical findings of this paper suggest that access to information in the form of use of telephone has significant positive impact on factor market participation. The difference in market participation between telephone users and nonusers is around 14 percent. However, once a household participate in the market, the use of telephone does not have any impact on specific factor market participation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Karen Macours, Johan Swinnen
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 9-35 с.
Economic reforms have induced different output and productivity changes in Russia, China and the transition countries of Eastern Europe. The main objective of this paper is to analyze what has caused these differences in performance. We discuss how initial conditions and reform policy choices affect changes in property rights, production organization, terms of trade, and the liberalization of the economy. We analyze how these, in turn, have affected economic performance.

The hypotheses are tested by quantitative analysis. We conclude that it is a combination of both initial conditions and reform policy choices which has caused the differences in performance.
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Опубликовано на портале: 07-10-2008
Ariel Pakes, Ulrich Doraszelski
Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2007, cерия "Handbooks in Economics", 3
This paper reviews a framework for numerically analyzing dynamic interactions in imperfectly competitive industries. The framework dates back to Ericson and Pakes [1995. Review of Economic Studies 62, 53–82], but it is based on equilibrium notions that had been available for some time before, and it has been extended in many ways by different authors since. The framework requires as input a set of primitives which describe the institutional structure in the industry to be analyzed. The framework outputs profits and policies for every incumbent and potential entrant at each possible state of the industry.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2003
Hannah Chaplin, Sophia Moissey Davidova, Matthew Gorton
Durban, 2003
Survey evidence from three Central European Countries (Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland) is analysed to identify the degree of non-agricultural farm diversification and the factors facilitating or impeding it in individual farms. The effect of diversification on rural job creation is investigated. The results indicate that the level of diversification is relatively small and enterprise diversification by farmers is unlikely to generate sufficient new jobs and solve the problem of high rural unemployment. The attempt to transpose the Western European model of agricultural diversification to the acceding countries via the SAPARD programme is questionable, as non-farm centric rural policies appear to be more appropriate.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
John Staatz, Carl Eicher
USA: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990
Книга является сборником исследований, посвященных развитию сельского хозяйства в развивающихся странах.

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Paul Brassley
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1997, 176 с.
Offers a simple and concise guide to the economics (and relevant history and politics) of the agricultural industry and the CAP. Assuming no knowledge of economic theory, it covers the economics of agriculture and provides an intelligible outline of the CAP's main features.

Книга начального уровня по аграрной экономике и общей аграрной политике (ОАП) ЕС. Раскрываются аспекты аграрной экономики и основные черты общей аграрной политики ЕС.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
David J. Sedik, Michael A. Trueblood, Carlos Arnade
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 495-512 с.
In this paper, we consider the extent to which there has been genuine restructuring of Russian corporate farms by oblast and attempt to explain the various levels of farm restructuring by oblast.

To do this, we measure the average level of technical efficiency of crop production on corporate farms by oblast over the period 1991-1995 and the change in technical efficiency by oblast over that period. We find that many of the producing regions that were relatively efficient before the reforms have maintained this status since reforms began. However, the most inefficient regions have become even more inefficient. We also find that variations in efficiency by oblast can be explained by economic and institutional factors, including shocks in relative prices, average farm size, the extent of state marketing channels, the degree of privatization, subsidy levels, and movement towards crop specialization.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
A.W. van den Ban, H.S. Hawkins
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1996, 304 с.
Книга является практическим гидом по созданию и функционированию служб по поддержке развития сельского хозяйства и сельской местности (extension service) в любой стране мира.

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Warren Lee, Michael Boehlje, Will Murray, Aaron Nelson
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1988, 480 с.
Explains the principles of agricultural finance, financial management of a farm business, and financial markets and agricultural credit institution.

Учебник по финансам в сельском хозяйстве. Рассматриваются принципы сельскохозяйственных финансов, финансовый менеджмент сельскохозяйственным предприятием, финансовые рынки и институт сельскохозяйственного кредита.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Donald Uchtmann, J.W. Looney
New York: McGraw Hill College Div, 1993, 571 с.
Учебник по основам, принципам законодательства по сельскому хозяйству.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Jay Fabiosa, John C. Beghin, Stephane de Cara, Cheng Fang, Murat Isik, Holger Matthey
2003
Using a partial equilibrium model of world agriculture, we investigate the multilateral removal of all border taxes and farm programs and their distortion of world agricultural markets. These distortions have significant terms-of-trade effects. World trade is also significantly impacted by both types of distortions. Trade expansion is substantial for most commodities, especially dairy, meats, and vegetable oils. Net agricultural and food exporters (Brazil, Australia, and Argentina) emerge with expanded exports; whereas net importing countries with limited distortions before liberalization are penalized by higher world markets prices and reduced imports. The US gains significant export shares in livestock products and imports more dairy products. Without protection and domestic subsidies, the EU loses many of its livestock and dairy export markets.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Mariorara Rusu
2002
The deep transformations brought about by the progressive and steady commitment of Romanian economy to the market economy have determined, among others, the modification of the role and status of rural household in the economic activity. Rural household changed from a simple participant, constrained to act in a certain way under a centralised, equalising and levelling system during the communist period, to a participant that carries out its activity in a competing environment in which initiative, creativity and efficiency are defining elements. Based on field surveys conducted at national level, the present paper intends to identify the evolution of economic behaviours specific to rural households under the influence of agricultural policy measures in the period 1997-2000. The conclusions of this study reveal that in this period, most of rural households operated under a subsistence system, according to an economic rationality in which market economy mechanism are lacking. However, the economic picture is far from being a homogeneous one: the emergence of a nucleus of agricultural entrepreneurs, i.e. those who assume the risk of shifting from subsistence to competitive agriculture, those who are trying to turn the peasant household into a farm managed on the capitalist principles, has induced new economic behaviours in the rural communities.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ред.: Norman Uphoff
USA: Earthscan Publications Ltd, 2002, 272 с.
В книгу собраны научные работы с конференции по проблематике состояния предложения продовольствия в будущем. Появляется возможность сравнить двух подходов в производстве продукции – агроэкологический метод с широко используемой на сегодня производственной практикой. В сборник вошли дискуссии по проблемам достижения устойчивого развития сельского хозяйства в развивающихся странах Латинской Америки, Азии, Африки и необходимым реформам.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Timothy J. Dalton
Zaragoza, 2003
New crop varieties often have been promoted in developing countries based upon superior yield vis-a-vis locally available varieties. This research presents a hedonic model for upland rice by drawing upon the input characteristics and consumer good characteristics model literature. Model specification tests determine that a combination of production and consumption characteristics best explains the willingness to pay for new upland rice varieties. This non-separable household model specification determined that four traits explain the willingness to pay for new rice varieties: plant cycle length, plant height, grain elongation/swelling and tenderness. Yield was not a significant explanatory variable of the willingness to pay for seed. br>
The implications of this model are two-fold. First, varietal development and promotion must include post-harvest characteristics in addition to production traits when determining which varieties to promote for official release. Secondly, non- yield production characteristics such as plant height and cycle length are significant factors in producers_ assessments of the value of a new variety. Overall, this paper provides an alternative explanation for limited adoption of modern upland rice varieties in West Africa: varietal evaluation programs have focused too narrowly on yield evaluation and have not promoted varieties with superior non-yield characteristics than locally available varieties.
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