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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 338

Авторы:
А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ ИЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Robert W. Kolb
New York: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1997, 640 с.
Учебник раскрывает основные понятия фьючерсных рынков. Авторами рассматриваются товары, торгуемые на товарных биржах, игроки, стратегии, институты данного рынка. Основные темы - фьючерсные рынки, цены на фьючерсы, игроки и их функции на фьючерсном рынке, сельскохозяйственные и металлургические фьючерсные контракты, другие виды фьючерсов, опционы.

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Michael Kopsidis
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 221-238 с.
Regional grain production in the Russian Federation has developed in a number of different ways over the last years. The same is true for grain marketing. Not only the prices on local markets but also those in the nation-wide grain trade seem to be at least strongly influenced by regional authorities.

However, it is very likely that only a small part of the grain trade is exchanged interregionally. The growing independence of the Russian Federation’s political subjects seems to be primarily responsible for regional differences concerning grain production and marketing. The 1998 economic crisis is likely to obstruct the development of an efficient domestic grain market further.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Arnim Kuhn
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 203-219 с.
This paper examines the extent of interregional integration of Russian food markets from different perspectives. Though food price levels in Russia are converging after the period of hyperinflation, remote regions like the Far East seem to be on a different price path. With regard to the interregional commodity flows, it could be shown that interregional transportation of grain is unlikely to have decreased significantly, if the figures are corrected for imports and feed use. But a cross-sectional regression analysis using differences between regional production and consumption revealed that regional surpluses as well as deficits for all products tend to diminish, which means that the Russian regions increasingly rely on their regional production and not on interregional trade.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Andrzej Kwiecinski, Natasha Pescatore
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 111-127 с.
The level of support provided to Russian agriculture, as measured by the Producer Subsidy Equivalent (PSE), may be used as a criterion to divide the period from 1986 to 1997 into three distinct phases: a phase of very extensive support during the Soviet period, a phase of negative at the beginning of the transition period and increasing in more recent years, with the exception of 1997 when the level of support fell again. It is highly likely that Russia’s PSE will fall again in 1998 as a result of the strong devaluation of the ruble in August 1998, further cuts in budgetary support for agriculture and some reductions in charges on food imports.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Karsten Kyed, Niels Kaergard, Henrik Zobbe
2002
The multifunctional character of agriculture is used as a main argument for agricultural support. This argument is theoretical analyzed in a model with decreasing marginal utility and it is shown that such a support must depend on the size of the agricultural sector. Consequently the argument is not valid for a common policy for very different countries as the EU-countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Ред.: Nicolas Lampkin, Susanne Padel
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994, 480 с.
Книга написана по одной из актуальных и широко обсуждаемых проблем - производство органической (экологической) продукции в сельском хозяйстве. На примере США, Канады, Великобритании, Австралии, Германии, Дании, Швейцарии авторы представляют статистику по финансовому состоянию ферм, производящих органическую продукцию, знакомят со спецификой по введению и адаптации органического производства, политикой стран.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Larry Whiting
Ред.: James Langley, Gary Vocke
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1994, 212 с.
Книга посвящена вкладу в развитие теории и практики аграрной экономики одного из патриархов аграрной экономики США – Е.О. Хэди. Под редакцией Д.Ланглей, Г.Воке, Л.Вайтинг.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Ma Lucila A. Lapar, Garth Holloway, Simeon K. Ehui
2003
Identifying ways to increase market participation by smallholder producers requires identifying variables that influence market access. This is usually achieved using probit estimation. An important phenomenon affecting entry decision-making is the entry decision of a "similar" household, where similarity is measured in terms of "location". When neighborhood influences are significant, it is important to allow for them in discrete decision contexts, such as probit estimation. This paper, therefore, assesses the magnitude of neighborhood influences in smallholder decisions concerning market entry. The empirical model is based on a cross-section of (110) farms situated in northern Philippines, visited (twice) in the 2000-2001 production year (a panel of 220 observations). The vehicle for analysis is a Bayesian formulation of a standard probit model, but one that allows for spatial autoregression in the decision vector. Estimation requires a Metropolis- step addition to a basic Gibbs sampling algorithm and generates useful insights concerning quantities that are important for market-access policy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Laure Latruffe, Kelvin Balcombe, Katarzyna Zawalinska, Sophia Moissey Davidova
Durban, 2003
The technical and scale efficiency of Polish farms is analysed, using Data Envelopment Analysis. Efficiency differences are measured according to farm specialisation, in crop or livestock, at two points in time during transition, 1996 and 2000. The statistical variability of efficiency estimates is investigated. The efficiency results are reviewed in the light of confidence intervals provided by bootstrapping and of a summary measure introduced in this study ‘the coefficient of separation’. The inference analysis suggests that farms might be less efficient than revealed by the point estimates alone, and that they might not be clearly different from each other.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Terhi Latvala
2002
The aim of this study is to evaluate both qualitatively and quantitatively the value of new information about and the information systems set for credence characteristics of beef. Economics of information is our theoretical framework. The quantitative approach focuses to measure the ex ante value of credence characteristics, and the method of contingent valuation is applied for this purpose. Results indicate that 59 % of Finnish consumers are willing to pay more to get information about safety and quality of beef products. Consumers are most concerned with diseases caused by food of animal origin. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are not considered as the most hazardous risk factor in food products. However, if the beef products contain GMOs used in animals, then consumers also start requiring additional information.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ludwig H. Lauwers, Guido Van Huylenbroeck
Durban, 2003
A new method for analysing environmental efficiency, based on the materials balance, is proposed. With this method, an environmental allocative efficiency measure can be defined analogously to the more commonly used economic allocative efficiency. Nutrient surplus in pig fattening, a typical balance indicator, is used to illustrate the concept in a two input - one output case. The materials balance based efficiency analysis is elaborated using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Results are compared with those of more common, merely input or output oriented DEA approaches. A main conclusion is that, ignoring the balance feature of environmental issues such as nutrient surplus might be a main reason why traditional integral analyses of economic and environmental efficiency yield contradictory conclusions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Tristan Le Cotty, Tancrede Voituriez
2003
When public goods are joint outputs of agricultural production, there is a trade-off between agricultural and non-agricultural provision of the public good. The principle of minimal price distortion in the reform of agricultural policies has led to a theoretical recommendation that public goods, if under-provided at agricultural free market level, should be promoted through non agricultural policies instead of agricultural policies. We show that the economies of scope between the agricultural production and the joint public good play a key role in determining the optimal way of providing this latter. If the policy designed is a non- agricultural policy, the production cost of the public good is higher than with an agricultural policy. If the policy designed is an agricultural policy, the production cost is lower but generates market effects. Under the assumption of strictly positive economies of scope, we show that the optimal policy is a mix of agricultural and non-agricultural policy. We confirm this result in the two-country case, demonstrating the optimal level of agricultural support for public good provision is strictly positive and lower than in the case of one country.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Warren Lee, Michael Boehlje, Will Murray, Aaron Nelson
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1988, 480 с.
Explains the principles of agricultural finance, financial management of a farm business, and financial markets and agricultural credit institution.

Учебник по финансам в сельском хозяйстве. Рассматриваются принципы сельскохозяйственных финансов, финансовый менеджмент сельскохозяйственным предприятием, финансовые рынки и институт сельскохозяйственного кредита.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Klaus M. Leisinger
Berlin, 2000
At the beginning of the new millennium, a 150-year-old conceptual skeleton—the “political economy”—is rattling loudly in the closet. Marx described early on in his work that there is a close and circular relationship between the social conditions of a nation and its conditions for production—and consequently the economic development. In this context, institutional structures and social values as well as ways of thinking and attitudes of members of civil society are very important. In the current discussion of agricultural biotechnology for developing countries, this part of the Marxian analysis seems highly relevant, particularly for urban impoverished groups as well as resource-poor farmers and their families. This paper looks at the impact that today’s politicized discussion in Europe is having on public research for the developing world and proposes elements for building a bridge over the troubled waters currently dividing proponents and opponents of agricultural biotechnology.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-06-2007
Richard Charles Levin, Wesley Marc Cohen
New York: North-Holland, 1989, cерия "Handbooks in Economics", 2, 986 с.
A central theme of this survey is to emphasize the already perceptible movement of empirical scholars from a narrow concern with the role of firm size and market concentration toward a broader consideration of the fundamental determinants of technical change in industry.
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