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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 358


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Опубликовано на портале: 09-05-2006
Материалы международного симпозиума "Куда идет Россия", 1995 г.

Все сборники по материалам симпозиума (1994-2006 гг.)...
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2003
Gerald Albaum, Jesper Strandskov, Edwin Duerr
Изд-во: Prentice-Hall, 2002, 673 с.
The text provides a marketing management approach to international marketing with a particular emphasis on export development and management. The key procedural aspects and activities that managers must know are covered, but from a managerial perspective rather than a 'how to' viewpoint. Other modes of market entry are covered thoroughly so that marketing managers can make evaluations and develop appropriate strategies for each market.

Авторы рассматривают менеджериальный подход к международному маркетингу с особым акцентом на развитии и управлении экспортной деятельностью. Книга охватывает ключевые процедурные аспекты и виды деятельности, которыми должен владеть каждый менеджер, принимающий решения в области международного маркетинга.
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The Size of Nations [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Alberto Alesina, Enrico Spolaore
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2003, 272 с.
The authors of this provocative book use the tools of economic analysis to examine the formation and change of political borders. They argue that while these issues have always been at the core of historical analysis, international economists have tended to regard the size of a country as "exogenous," or no more subject to explanation than the location of a mountain range or the course of a river. Alesina and Spolaore consider a country's borders to be subject to the same analysis as any other man-made institution. In The Size of Nations they argue that the optimal size of a country is determined by a cost-benefit trade-off between the benefits of size and the costs of heterogeneity. In a large country, per capita costs may be low, but the heterogeneous preferences of a large population make it hard to deliver services and formulate policy. Smaller countries may find it easier to respond to citizen preferences in a democratic way.

Alesina and Spolaore substantiate their analysis with simple analytical models that show how the patterns of globalization, international conflict, and democratization of the last two hundred years can explain patterns of state formation. Their aim is not only "normative" but also "positive" - that is, not only to compute the optimal size of a state in theory but also to explain the phenomenon of country size in reality. They argue that the complexity of real world conditions does not preclude a systematic analysis, and that such an analysis, synthesizing economics, political science, and history, can help us understand real world events.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Rafael Andreu, Sandra Sieber
In todays competitive landscape organizational learning and knowledge management initiatives are emerging of powerful sources of competitive advantage. In this paper, the researches report on the design and expected result of a survey on knowledge management, which has been designed putting special emphasis on the interplay between the technical and non-technical aspects of learning and knowledge management initiatives. Questionnaires have been sent to 1100 firms from 11 industries in Spain, in order to be able to conduct both intra- and inter-industry analysis. In addition, in order to enrich the results, in-depth interviews was going to be held with selected companies. This allowed the authors to report on (1) what knowledge management initiatives was planned and carried out, (2) the role of technology in these initiatives, (3) the role of non-technical aspects like career planning and human resource policies, (4) the perceived effectiveness of the initiatives, and (5) the main underlying causal dynamics at work.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-09-2003
Adriana Arreaza, Bent E. Sorensen, Oved Yosha
We measure the amount of smoothing achieved through various components of the government deficit in EU and OECD countries. For EU countries, at the 1-year frequency percent of shocks to GDP are smoothed via government consumption, 18 percent via transfers percent via subsidies, while taxes provide no smoothing. The results for OECD countries are similar. Government transfers provide more smoothing of negative than of positive shocks among EU countries. There seems to be no trade-off between high government deficits in a country and the ability to smooth consumption. We find that in countries where there is delegation' of power or where fiscal targets are negotiated effectively by coalition members consumption smoothing via government consumption and government transfers is considerably higher. We interpret this finding as evidence that effective budgetary institutions can accomplish efficient consumption smoothing via government deficit spending and lower average deficits.

Опубликовано на портале: 18-01-2003
George P. Baker, George David Smith
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999
Kohlberg Kravis Robertss approach to leveraged buyouts was an important aspect of the corporate restructuring and governance reforms in the American economy from the mid-1970s through 1990. During that period, KKR crafted a series of progressively more elaborate deals tailored to specific companies and market conditions. Through its creative debt financing and its relationships with an evolving cast of investors, companies, and managers, KKR drove the scale and scope of the buyout phenomenon to unprecedented highs. This book examines KKRs record in detail. Based upon interviews with partners of the firm and on unprecedented access to KKRs records, George Baker and George Smith have written a balanced and enlightening account of how KKR has approached LBOs. This book focuses on KKRs founding, evolution, and innovations as ways to understand issues in modern American business. In examining KKR as a unique form of enterprise - one that subscribes to a set of alternative perspectives on business and value creation - the book bridges the gap between public perception and academic knowledge of the leveraged buyout, a crucial phenomenon of modern economic life.
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Опубликовано на портале: 19-08-2004
Alexander Bard, Jan Soderqvist
Санкт-Петербург: Стокгольмская школа экономики в С.-Петербурге, 2004, 252 с.
«Netoкратия» - единственный в своем роде труд, смело разрушающий границы академических наук, сводя в единое целое философию, социологию, историю, экономику, бизнес и теорию управления. Это воистину первая книга, столь глубоко исследующая революционные проявления продолжающихся перемен в сфере информационных технологий - в экономике, политике, культуре и средствах массовой коммуникации. Интерактивность становится основным признаком коммуникаций, всё вокруг меняется, и эта книга дает объяснение, как и почему это происходит.
«Нетократию» составляют люди с блестящими коммуникационными способностями и талантом манипулировать информацией.
Те, кто не в состоянии воспользоваться преимуществами новых интерактивных технологий, образуют низший класс цифровой эры. Рекламные огни продолжают ярко гореть, но ни капитализм, ни демократия не имеют уже к этому отношения. Что дальше? Вслед за капитализмом наступает эпоха аттенционализма.
Те, кому удастся обуздать глобальную информационную сеть и научиться управлять новыми формами коммуникаций, встанут у руля финансов и законодательства, унаследут власть и образуют класс новой деловой элиты - «нетократию».
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
R. Barrena, M. Sanchez, A. Gracia, Jose Maria Gil
Recent food scares in the food market has caused a reduction in consumer’s confidence in the food system that it has induced a significant reduction in consumption in a sector, the beef sector that was already characterized by a saturated trend in quantity terms. In this context, all participants in the beef production system are facing to a greatchallenge, to retrieve consumer’s confidence in the food chain and to mitigate the reduction in beef consumption. The aim of the paper is to analyse the impact of consumer’s confidence in the food system as well as other factors on the explanation of food consumption reduction. A structural modelling approach has been used to analyse factors affecting the reduction in beef consumption in two different regions characterised by different production systems and different marketing strategies (PGI beef label). Results indicate that main factor explaining the reduction in beef consumption is the confidence in the beef and a positive relation has been found. Moreover, confidence in a product is directly related to the perceived quality offered by farmers and other decision makers on the beef chain, and to the consumer involvement with the product. Therefore, the main implication is that participants in the food chain has to develop adequate communication strategies such as quality labelling in order to increase consumers perceive quality because, higher quality perception will recover consumers’ confidence in beef, and therefore, it will mitigate beef consumption reduction.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-10-2003
Paul Belliveau, Abbie Griffin, Stephen Somermeyer
Toronto: John Wiley & Sons, 2002
Practical cross-functional coverage of the entire product development process from idea generation through delivery of the final assembled product. Includes sections on benchmarking and changing your new product development process and managing your product portfolio.

Представленная книга – это своеобразный набор практических инструментов для создания новых продуктов, рекомендованный ведущими экспертами Ассоциации разработки и управления продуктами. В книге рассматривается весь процесс – от генерирования идей до доставки готового продукта потребителям. В книгу включены разделы, посвященные бенчмаркингу, изменениям процесса разработки новых продуктов и управлению портфелем продукции компании. Рекомендуется для студентов, изучающих дисциплины, связанные с маркетингом и менеджментом новых продуктов, а также практикам, вовлеченным в процесс создания новых продуктов (на всех этапах этого процесса.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Maria Bengtsson, Anders Soderholm
The paper starts with a discussion on time, and on how different time reckoning systems have been introduced and used to coordinate activities. The discussion leads to the conclusion that time has become institutionalized and conceived of as a taken-for-granted commodity. At the same time, however, time is socially constructed. We argue that different constructions of time can be escribed using four dimensions (rate, duration, synchronization, and sequence), and that that the construction of time, as far as the four dimensions are concerned, is of importance for the organizing and coordination of activities. Four different coordinating principles (time schedules, levelers, checkpoints, and brackets) are derived from a discussion on the four dimensions. Thereafter five empirical examples on coordination of time are presented. The empirical examples are used to further analyze the coordinating principles and suggest a comprehensive understanding of the when-question.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Samuel Benin, Melinda Smale, Berhanu Gebremedhin, John Pender, Simeon K. Ehui
On farm conservation of crop diversity entails policy challenges, especially when the diversity of crops maintained on farms has both inter-specific (among crops) and infra-specific (within a crop) components. Survey data is used to compare the determinants of inter- and infra-specific diversity on household farms in the highlands of northern Ethiopia. Physical features of the farm, and household characteristics such as livestock assets and the proportion of adults that are men, have large and significant effects on both the diversity among and within cereal crops grown, varying among crops. Demographic aspects such as age of household head and adult education levels affect only infra-specific diversity of cereals. Though there are no apparent trade-offs between policies that would enhance one type of diversity (richness) versus another (evenness), those designed to encourage infra-specific diversity in one cereal crop might have the opposite effect on another crop. Trade-offs between development and diversity in this resource-poor system are not evident. Market-related variables and population density have ambiguous effects. Education positively influences cereal crop diversity. Growing modern varieties of maize or wheat does not detract from the richness or evenness of these cereals on household farms.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Carlo Bernini Carri, Maria Sassi
The paper explores the phenomenon of agricultural convergence on regional base within the EU economic cohesion that has always been and still remains one of the mainstay of the EU building process (EU, 1997). A crucial issue is the theoretical and empirical testing of a catching up process, that is a faster growth of the poor countries (regions) than that of the rich ones. The literature on this topic has strengthened recently, but it is mainly referred to economic convergence undermining the importance of the process in the agricultural sector. The relevance mainly refers to the role of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). It is the only European policy thought and managed at overnational level with the specific object to overcome the deep agricultural structural disparities within the Member States. This process has been considered fundamental to reach the agricultural and thus economic European integration. Moreover, the interrelationship (if any) between agricultural and economic convergence is of potential interest given that the nature of structural change within agriculture is likely to shaped by broader economic conditions (especially the state of local labour markets).

Thus, the paper first explores the process of agricultural and economic convergence using EU data on real Gross Domestic Product per capita and real Gross Agricultural Value Added per agricultural Work Unit at the level of NUTS 2 regions for 1982,1986 and 1994. Then, it analyses whether: - The intensity of the convergence process in the agricultural sector has been strong enough to promote a decrease in the gap between the agricultural and the economic performance; - The agricultural and economic process of convergence are related on territorial base. Policy implications are not analysed because data at regional level are not available. In literature, the results of testing convergence hypothesis are mixed and strongly dependent on the methodologies applied, the level of analysis, and the explanatory variables adopted (Bernini Carri, Sassi, 1998).
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-10-2003
This comprehensive book applies modern economic principles to study a firm's strategic position. The book integrates insights from the theory of the firm, industrial organization and strategy research while building upon a strong theoretical and empirical foundation familiar to academics working in economics and strategy. The broad sweep of modern economics and strategy research is organized and presented in an appealing format. Many topics dovetail with important current research agendas. In this edition, the authors have completely reworked their discussions of a number of difficult topics, such as "make or buy fallacies", competitor identification, commitment, and strategic positioning. They also introduce a "make or buy issue tree" and an "industry analysis checklist" that readers should find very useful when assessing make or buy decisions and performing five forces analyses.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Maria Bielza, Alberto Garrido, Jose M. Sumpsi
Various forms of revenue insurance have been applied in Canada and in the US with relative success. In this paper different combinations of traditional agricultural policies and revenue and yield insurance are analysed for the Spanish olive oil sector. Taking a database containing about half million Spanish olive growers during 8 campaigns, five possible policies are studied and the results are examined according to different criteria including average revenue and its variability, growers utility gains, taxpayers cost and the transfer efficiency of support. The policies analysed are:
(1) non-intervention;
(2) the policy currently in force in Spain that combines a production aid with a yield insurance;
(3) a revenue insurance, only;
(4) revenue insurance combined with a production aid; and
(5) an aid per tree in combination with revenue insurance.

The methodology is based on Monte-Carlo simulations performed on about 100 groups of growers that have been grouped according to their expected yields and variability. Assuming and estimating olive oil price and yields correlations for each group of growers, the analysis allows for consistent policy comparisons at a very disaggregate level. Using the results for all analysed groups, policies are ranked based on the above criteria at the provincial and national levels. Results show that the current regime of EU production aids of olive oil eliminates the advantage of extending the current yield insurance to a revenue insurance. It is also shown that the level of support delivered by production aids cannot be reached with revenue insurance even with completely subsidised premiums. Finally, it is shown that the policy that combines tree aids with revenue insurance exhibits good results for all examining criteria.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-09-2004
Harold Jr. Bierman, Seymour Smidt
New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1992
This book addresses an ongoing challenge for business professionals and economists: how to allocate available financial resources among many possible investment projects.
Этот учебник дает ясную и четкую концепцию оценки эффективности инвестиционных проектов.
В книге представлены способы сравнения выгодности различных вариантов вложения капитала. Простой и надежный метод расчета позволяет оценивать денежную сторону планируемых проектов. Как действовать в условиях инфляции, высоких налогов и нехватки средств у предприятия?
Учебник предназначен для студентов - будущих специалистов по управлению производством, финансами, инвестициями. Он также полезен менеджерам любого уровня и управляющим инвестициями
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