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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 131


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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Kym Anderson, Rodney Tyers
Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1992
Авторы книги исследуют эффект от либерализации мировой торговли продукцией сельского хозяйства. Рассматривается современное состояние торговли сельскохозяйственной продукцией и проблемы либерализации, изменение структуры мировых продовольственных рынков, политика протекционизма сельского хозяйства развитыми странами, моделируется ситуация либерализации торговли, рассчитываются потери и выгоды от данной политики.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005
John Atkins, Quentin Thompson
Один из отчетов Национального комитета по изучению проблем высшего образования в Великобритании. Анализируются различные подходы к финансированию обучения со стороны государства и со стороны студентов. Рекомендации по внедрению новых методов финансирования обучения в высших учебных заведениях Великобритании.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Ralph Battles, Robert Thompson
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2000, 194 с.
Begins with an overview of domestic and international trends and covers the basics of loans (mortgages and deeds of trust) and time values of money (interest, discounting, calculations and amortization, refinancing, cash budgeting, and graphing loans). Useful as a guide for practitioners, the the text was actually designed for teaching with outlines at the beginning of chapters, and study questions and problems at each chapter's end.

Учебник - практическое пособие по финансам в агробизнесе. Рассматриваются все основные элементы – кредитная система, залог, займ, дисконтирование, компаудинг, амортизация, рефинансирование, бюджетирование потоков наличности.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Sabine Baum, Christian Trapp, Peter Weingarten
Despite some common features, rural areas cannot be considered homogeneous. They are much more heterogeneous than a generalised comparison with urban areas might indicate. Rather, they have specific characteristics which can differ within a country and even more across countries. This paper provides a typology of CEEC-10 NUTS-3 regions according to demographic and socio-economic criteria. The cluster analysis carried out revealed five different types of regions as the most adequate result: three are largely rural, one includes both rural, and especially industrialised urban areas, and one covers only large cities. To provide insight on the similarities of, and differences between rural areas in all of Europe, an additional cluster analysis on NUTS-2 level, including the EU-15 Member States (except for the UK) alongside the CEEC, was carried out. The result of the last cluster analysis reveals large differences in development between the regions of the European Union and the CEECs. Two of the nine clusters cover only CEE regions, another two only EU-15 regions. Of the remaining five, four are dominated by current EU regions and only one cluster is rather mixed. In order to design concrete policy measures adapted to the peculiarities of the specific regions, more detailed cluster analyses – on a more disaggregated regional level including additional variables – proved to be necessary. Given the restricted data availability, this requires focussing on single countries. As a first step, a typology of rural areas in Bulgaria is elaborated in this paper.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2003
Duncan Boughton, David L. Tschirley, Higino Marrule, Ballard Zulu
Cotton is one of the most important smallholder cash crops in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). How to ensure input supply, credit recovery and competition is a subject of intense policy debate. This paper examines the performance of cotton sector development policies in Mozambique and Zambia. Both countries face the challenge of organizing input supply to farmers in the absence of rural credit markets, and competing in international markets distorted by production subsidies in developed countries. Both countries privatized cotton ginning in the 1990s. Emerging from civil war, Mozambique established geographical monopolies to interlink input and output markets and facilitate credit recovery. In Zambia, the government completely liberalized the cotton sector, forcing the private sector to deal with the problem of input distribution and credit recovery by itself. Despite being landlocked, Zambia.s cotton sector has achieved better performance in terms of both value of cotton output per hectare and smallholder share of world market prices. An analysis of the institutional and technical factors behind the two countries. performance provides insights to guide the design of public/private partnerships relevant to many SSA countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-09-2003
Glenn Carroll, David J. Teece
New York: Oxford University Press, 1999
This book examines transaction cost economics, the influential theoretical perspective on organizations and industry that was the subject of Oliver Williamson's seminal book,Markets and Hierarchies (1975). Written by leading economists, sociologists, and political scientists, the essays collected here reflect the fruitful intellectual exchange that is occurring across the major social science disciplines. They examine transaction cost economics' general conceptual orientation, its specific theoretical propositions, its applications to policy, and its use in systematic empirical research. The chapters include classic texts, broad review essays, reflective commentaries, and several new contributions to a wide range of topics, including organizations, regulations and law, institutions, strategic management, game theory, entrepreneurship, innovation, finance, and technical information.
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C++ Cookbook [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2006
Jeff Cogswell, Jonathan Turkanis, Christopher Diggins, Ryan Stephens
Изд-во: O'Reilly Media, 2005, cерия "Cookbooks", 592 с.
Less a tutorial than a problem-solver, this practical guide shows you how to solve many of the real-world problems that C++ developers encounter, including how to parse a date and time string and how to create a singleton class. It's a trusted source of information for engineers, programmers, and researchers alike. Presented in O'Reilly's classic question-solution-discussion format.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-05-2004
Armand Dayan, Annie Troadec
Москва: Олма-Пресс, 2003
Объемы реализации – важный показатель успешности любой компании. Если вы обеспокоены падением продаж или необходимостью их повышения – эта книга вам просто необходима! Из нее вы узнаете о самых современных методах продвижения потребительских товаров, ознакомитесь с техникой сбыта и правилами поведения рекламных кампаний, найдете ценные рекомендации, эффективность которых проверена на практике. Менеджеры по сбыту и маркетингу, прочитавшие эту книгу, смогут резко повысить объемы реализации своей компании и существенно упрочить ее позиции на рынке, а студенты экономических вузов получат новые необходимые знания в этой области.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Bruno Henry De Frahan, Christian Tritten
This paper proposes a partial equilibrium displacement model that differentiates wheat according to its end-use and country of origin to investigate the impact of alternative European trade policies on wheat supply and demand in France. Transmission, demand and supply elasticities are estimated for each class and origin of wheat. Simulation results show that rebalancing trade protection across wheat classes encourages domestic supply of high quality wheat and displaces imports from North America.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Detlef Deumlich, J. Thiere, H. I. Reuter, L. Völker, R. Funk, Joachim Kiesel
This paper presents a comparative method (SICOM) to evaluate complex site conditions at the level of a Federal State (Brandenburg) and at different areal units. The methodology uses primary site conditions and provides the possibility to objectively compare and judge different ecological questions. Objects with heterogeneous content are pooled in comparison groups. Consideration of the main site characteristics allows a goal-oriented allocation of subsidies. The use of SICOM is demonstrated for the wind and water erosion risk assessment across different scales from Federal State down to a parcel of land. The “parcel” aggregation-level proves to be useful to assess the erosion risk. Larger scales are less useful in the assessment of subsidies policy with regard to erosion risk. SICOM is demonstrated to be suitable for comparing and assessing regional aspects more objectively.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-10-2003
F. Robert Dwyer, John F. Tanner
Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001
This text is targeted at the undergraduate Business Marketing course. It introduces the concepts of marketing to businesses and stresses the importance of building relationships with customers Dwyer/Tanner include comprehensive coverage of how marketing fits in and contributes to every organization. While the text is based in theory, it has practical applications and materials from all business disciplines integrated throughout so students can strengthen their abilities to practice business marketing and apply the learned theories to real-life situations. The text stresses an emphasis on growing business from current customers--the only book that intentionally emphasizes current customers throughout the text but expecially in the Marketing Opportunities chapter and the Developing and Managing Products chapter, along with a Customer Retention center. Also included is the strongest Integrated Marketing Communications chapter available in any Business Marketing text. This IMC chapter helps the student to see how all parts of the firm come together to create and implement a successful marketing plan. The best treatment of evaluating marketing performance. The book includes integration of ABC accounting as applied to marketing, the use of the balanced scorecard, and other state-of-the-art methods not found in any detail (if at all) in other books. Unique chapters: Weaving Marketing into the Fabric of the Firm; Integrating Marketing Communications; The One to One Media; and Customer Retention and Maximization; One to One Marketing chapter discusses electronic marketing and other forms of direct communication.

Рекомендуется для использования во вводных и базовых курсах «Промышленный маркетинг» и «В-2-В маркетинг». В книге представлены базовые теоретические концепции бизнес-маркетинга и реальные примеры их применения, при этом особое внимание уделяется вопросу построения взаимоотношений с клиентами. Одной из особенностей этой книги является включение авторами раздела, посвященного связи маркетинга с финансовыми показателями деятельности компании.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
M. Carmen Firici, Kenneth J. Thomson
This paper focuses on estimation of distributional economic welfare effects of the adoption of the CAP on different groups of Romanian households. The calculations of welfare effects are based on 1999 household data and refer to a 10-fold breakdown of Romanian households, i.e. five socio-economic categories from urban and rural areas, taking into account own (home) production of food. To identify the most vulnerable groups of Romanian consumers to food price changes, the Slutsky approximation Compensating Variation approach is applied. The results suggest that, if the current CAP is adopted and results in food price changes averaging a 10 per cent increase in all food prices, the lowest-income groups (i.e. urban and rural unemployed households, urban pensioner households) will be the most affected, ceteris paribus (prices of all other goods held constant). The minimum amount by which the groups could be compensated for the effect of price change on their real incomes varies between Euro 3 per month for employers’ households (about 1% of total income) and about Euro 8 per month for farmers’ households (6%). However, due to the relatively large shares of food self-production in total consumption, in particular by rural households, somewhat smaller money compensation would be appropriate.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Larry R. Ford, Judith A. Trachte
Изд-во: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000, 234 с.
Gates and fences, sidewalks and driveways, alleys and parking lots--these ordinary features have an important architectural impact, influencing how a building relates to the spaces around it. As geographer Larry R. Ford argues, architectural histories and guidebooks tell us surprisingly little about the character of American cities because they concentrate on buildings taken out of context, buildings divorced from space. In The Spaces between Buildings , Ford focuses on the neglected "nooks and crannies" between structures, supplementing his analysis with three photographic essays.

Long before Ford knew anything about geography or architecture, he was a connoisseur of front porches, alleys, and loading docks. As a kid in Columbus, Ohio, he knew where to find coal chutes to play in, which rooftops and fire escapes were ideally suited for watching parades, and which stoops were perfect for waiting for a bus. To him the spaces between buildings seemed wonderfully integrated and connected. The Spaces between Buildings is the result of Ford's preoccupation with the relationship of buildings to one another and how their means of access and boundaries organize the areas around us.

As Ford observes, a city with friendly, permeable facades and a great variety of street-level doors is more conducive to civic life than a city characterized by fortresslike structures with blank walls and invisible doors. Life on the street is defined and guided by the nature of the surrounding buildings. Similarly, a residential neighborhood with front porches, small lawns or gardens, and houses with lots of windows and architectural details presents a more walkable and gregarious setting than a neighborhood where public space is surrounded by walls, three-car garage doors, blank facades, and concrete driveways.

Ford begins by looking at the growth of four urban places, each representing a historical era as much as a geographic location: the Islamic medina; the city shaped by the Spanish renaissance; the nineteenth-century North American city; and the twentieth-century American city. His first essay also discusses the evolution of the free-standing structure as a basic urban building type and the problems encountered in beautifying the often work-a-day back and side yards that have helped to create the image of the untidy American city. The second essay examines the urban trend toward viewing lawns, gardens, hedges, and trees as an essential adjunct to architecture. The final essay focuses on pedestrian and vehicular spaces. Here the author includes the landscape of the garage, sidewalks, streets, and alleys.

In its exploration of how spaces become places, The Spaces between Buildings invites readers to see anew the spaces they encounter every day and often take for granted.
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Game Theory [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Drew Fudenberg, Jean Tirole
Изд-во: MIT Press, 1991, 603 с.
This advanced text introduces the principles of noncooperative game theory - including strategic form games, Nash equilibria, subgame perfection, repeated games, and games of incomplete information - in a direct and uncomplicated style that will acquaint students with the broad spectrum of the field while highlighting and explaining what they need to know at any given point. The analytic material is accompanied by many applications, examples, and exercises. The theory of noncooperative games studies the behavior of agents in any situation where each agent's optimal choice may depend on a forecast of the opponents' choices. "Noncooperative" refers to choices that are based on the participant's perceived selfinterest. Although game theory has been applied to many fields, Fudenberg and Tirole focus on the kinds of game theory that have been most useful in the study of economic problems. They also include some applications to political science. The fourteen chapters are grouped in parts that cover static games of complete information, dynamic games of complete information, static games of incomplete information, dynamic games of incomplete information, and advanced topics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2005
Michael R. Gibbons, Camille Limoges, Helga Nowotny, Simon Schwartzman, Peter Scott, Martin Trow
Изд-во: Sage Publications, 1994
In this provocative and broad-ranging work, a distinguished team of authors argues that the ways in which knowledge — scientific, social and cultural — is produced are undergoing fundamental changes at the end of the twentieth century. They claim that these changes mark a distinct shift into a new mode of knowledge production which is replacing or reforming established institutions, disciplines, practices and policies. Identifying a range of features of the new moder of knowledge production — reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, heterogeneity — the authors show the connections between these features and the changing role of knowledge in social relations. While the knowledge produced by research and development in science and technology (both public and industrial) is accorded central concern, the authors also outline the changing dimensions of social scientific and humanities knowledge and the relations between the production of knowledge and its dissemination through education. Placing science policy and scientific knowledge in its broader context within contemporary societies, this book will be essential reading for all those concerned with the changing nature of knowledge, with the social study of science, with educational systems, and with the relations between R&D and social, economic and technological development.