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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 31


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Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2006
Dan Pilone, Neil Pitman
Изд-во: O'Reilly Media, 2005, cерия "In a Nutshell", 234 с.
This comprehensive guide has been fully revised to cover UML 2.0, today's standard method for modeling software systems. Packed with concise information, it's been crafted to help IT professionals read, create, and understand system artifacts expressed using UML. Also includes an example-rich tutorial for those who need familiarizing with the system.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2006
Гради Буч, Айвар Якобсон, Джеймс Рамбо
Санкт-Петербург: Питер, 2005, 736 с.
Эта книга представляет собой полный справочник по языку UML. Она адресована в первую очередь разработчикам, системным архитекторам, руководителям проектов, инженерам-системщикам, программистам, аналитикам, заказчикам и вообще всем, кому по роду деятельности приходится описывать, проектировать и строить сложные программные системы, а также разбираться в их функционировании. В книге дается всестороннее описание понятий и конструкций UML, включая их семантику, нотацию и назначение. Материал организован таким образом, чтобы книгой было удобно пользоваться, несмотря на ее объем и полноту содержания. Кроме того, авторы попытались дополнительно осветить ряд моментов, четкое толкование которых отсутствует в стандартах, а также разъяснить основания для принятия тех или иных решений в ходе разработки языка UML.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

UML. Основы [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-05-2003
Martin Fowler, Kendall Scott
Санкт-Петербург: Символ-Плюс, 2002
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Eli Feinerman, Jack Peerlings
Uncertainty about the possibility of acquiring land can be rather large in the EU for sectors like dairy farming. Farm-level investment decisions are commonly made ex-ante when the farmer is not certain about the possibility of purchasing land. This possibility is realized only in a future period. In this paper, we have developed and applied a simple two-period model in which a profit-maximizing farmer, facing uncertainty about the possibility of acquiring land, had to choose the optimal mix of capital (buildings) investment and land endowment. We have shown that commonly "observed" biases towards non-optimal investment decisions are not necessarily justified. Rather, these perceived biases may be the result of evaluating investment decisions without reference to the uncertainty associated with the possibility of acquiring land.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-08-2003
Alan J. Auerbach, Kevin A. Hassett
This paper explores optimal fiscal policy in an overlapping-generations general-equilibrium model under uncertainty and the impact on optimal policy of the introduction of a type of policy stickiness intended to account for the stylized fact that major reforms happen infrequently. In general, our analysis suggests not only that action should not be delayed, but further that action should actually be accelerated. The added realism of restrictions on the frequency of policy changes alters this result in two ways. The prospect of being unable to set policy in the future occasions even more precautionary saving today, if the government acts. However, the government may also choose not to set policy, and its inaction range is very asymmetric. Because the impact of its policies on the current elderly cannot be reversed in the future, the government is much more likely to choose inaction when fiscal tightening is called for. Thus, the optimal policy response over time might best be characterized by great caution in general, but punctuated by occasional periods of apparent irresponsibility.

Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Adrian Atilio Caldart, Joan Enric Ricart
During the last years a debate has raged within the field of Strategic Management between a rational view (IO, Positioning School, Strategic Planning, Cybernetics) and a Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) view (Emergent strategies,complexity theory, chaos theory) of the field. This paper attempts to shed some light around an issue which must be clarified for the better development of such debate. Being the CAS view a response to the new realities of environmental turbulence, it was discussed which are the behavioral sources of such turbulence in order to clarify if such phenomena is a qualitatively new reality of business environments, or simply a contingent but circumstantial feature affecting many industries. For this purpose, the authors introduced and applied a theoretical model that conceives the strategy of the firm, as a dialectic process in a situation of conflict.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-12-2008
Franklin Allen, Douglas Gale
Изд-во: Oxford University Press, 2007, cерия "Clarendon Lectures in Finance", 303 с.
What causes a financial crisis? Can financial crises be anticipated or even avoided? What can be done to lessen their impact? Should governments and international institutions intervene? Or should financial crises be left to run their course? In the aftermath of the recent Asian financial crisis, many blamed international institutions, corruption, governments, and flawed macro and microeconomic policies not only for causing the crisis but also unnecessarily lengthening and deepening it. Based on ten years of research, the authors develop a theoretical approach to analyzing financial crises. Beginning with a review of the history of financial crises and providing readers with the basic economic tools needed to understand the literature, the authors construct a series of increasingly sophisticated models. Throughout, the authors guide the reader through the existing theoretical and empirical literature while also building on their own theoretical approach. The text presents the modern theory of intermediation, introduces asset markets and the causes of asset price volatility, and discusses the interaction of banks and markets. The book also deals with more specialized topics, including optimal financial regulation, bubbles, and financial contagion.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Robert W. Kolb
New York: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1997, 640 с.
Учебник раскрывает основные понятия фьючерсных рынков. Авторами рассматриваются товары, торгуемые на товарных биржах, игроки, стратегии, институты данного рынка. Основные темы - фьючерсные рынки, цены на фьючерсы, игроки и их функции на фьючерсном рынке, сельскохозяйственные и металлургические фьючерсные контракты, другие виды фьючерсов, опционы.

Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2003
Ред.: Peter B. Kenen
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995
Drawing together new papers by some of today's leading figures in international economics and finance, Understanding Interdependence surveys the current state of knowledge on the international monetary system and, by implication, defines the research horizon for the future. Covering topics including the behavior of exchange rates, the choice of exchange-rate regime, current-account adjustment in classical and Keynesian models, the extent and effects of capital mobility, international debt, the stabilization and reform of the formerly planned economies, European monetary union, and international policy coordination, the book underscores the importance of these subjects and identifies lessons for policymakers.
The contributors to the volume are Michael Bruno, Ralph C. Bryant, Richard N. Cooper, Michael P. Dooley, Barry Eichengreen, Stanley Fischer, Charles A. E. Goodhart, Peter Hooper, Peter B. Kenen, Paul R. Krugman, Henri Lorie, Jaime Marquez, Ronald I. McKinnon, Michael Mussa, Maurice Obstfeld, John Odling-Smee, Assaf Razin, Dani Rodrik, Mark P. Taylor, and John Williamson.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 02-05-2006
Nicholas Stevenson
London: Sage Publications, 2002, 256 с.
Книга представляет собой критический анализ некоторых наиболее важных теоретических направлений в социальных исследованиях массовой коммуникации. Автор излагает основные положения и результаты и и предлагает анализ: разных ветвей марксизма (Рэймонд Уильямс, Медиа-Группа университета Глазго, Стюарт Холл), критических исследований аудитории (Дэвид Морлей, Джон Фиск, феминизм), концепций Юргена Хабермаса, Жана Бодрийяра, Маршалла МакЛюэна и торонтской школы. Книга – путеводитель по современной теории массовой коммуникации, полезная как для студентов, так и для преподавателей.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
M. del Mar Delgado, Eduardo Ramos
Last decades have seen the development of a new rural policy. Different problems occurring in rural areas have pushed the EU Commission to draft policy instruments aiming to address them. However this rural policy path has not always been explicit neither has followed a continuous trend but rather has seen a series of forward and backward steps. Given the lack of a method to establish the relevance and the level of political acceptance of EU rural policy, a methodology has been developed. This methodology has tried to identify the EU political procedure trend, though this is not a formal sequence, and to establish a classification of different events according to a proposed hierarchy. Several EU documents, decisions, directives and financial resource allocations have been analysed. Within the review performed, each rural policy milestone has been classified following the proposed hierarchical chart. This has enabled the drawing of the different backs and forwards taken by this process. Besides, it has lead to the interpretation of the rural policy instruments current position in relation with other European policy instruments.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Douglass C. North
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2005, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 2208 с.
In this landmark work, a Nobel Prize-winning economist develops a new way of understanding the process by which economies change. Douglass North inspired a revolution in economic history a generation ago by demonstrating that economic performance is determined largely by the kind and quality of institutions that support markets. As he showed in two now classic books that inspired the New Institutional Economics (today a subfield of economics), property rights and transaction costs are fundamental determinants. Here, North explains how different societies arrive at the institutional infrastructure that greatly determines their economic trajectories. North argues that economic change depends largely on "adaptive efficiency," a society's effectiveness in creating institutions that are productive, stable, fair, and broadly accepted--and, importantly, flexible enough to be changed or replaced in response to political and economic feedback. While adhering to his earlier definition of institutions as the formal and informal rules that constrain human economic behavior, he extends his analysis to explore the deeper determinants of how these rules evolve and how economies change. Drawing on recent work by psychologists, he identifies intentionality as the crucial variable and proceeds to demonstrate how intentionality emerges as the product of social learning and how it then shapes the economy's institutional foundations and thus its capacity to adapt to changing circumstances. Understanding the Process of Economic Change accounts not only for past institutional change but also for the diverse performance of present-day economies. This major work is therefore also an essential guide to improving the performance of developing countries.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Richard Wilkinson
London, New York: Routledge, 1996, 272 с.
Among the developed countries it is not the richest societies which have the best health, but those which have the smallest income differences between rich and poor. Inequality and relative poverty have absolute effects: they increase death rates. But why? How can smaller income differences raise average life expectancy? Using examples from the USA, Britain, Japan and Eastern Europe, and bringing together evidence from the social and medical sciences, Unhealthy Socities provides the explanation. Healthy, egalitarian societies are more socially cohesive. They have a stronger community life and suffer fewer of the corrosive effects of inequality. As well as inequality weakening the social fabric, damaging health and increasing crime rates, Unhealthy Societies shows that social cohesion is crucial to the quality of life. The contrast between the material success and social failure of modern societies marks an imbalance which needs attention. The relationship between health and equality suggests that important social needs will go unmet without a larger measure of social and distributive justice.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007
Ред.: Torben Iversen, David Soskice, Jonas Pontusson
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 356 с.
This book focuses on some of the most important political-economic changes in advanced industrialized countries over the past two decades, namely, the sharp rise in unemployment in some countries and the growth of inequality in others. Using a variety of methodological approaches, the essays provide different pieces to this puzzle and explain how economic outcomes may be linked to macroeconomic policies and wage bargaining practices. Focusing on the experiences of northern European countries, the book also explores the intersection of partisan politics, the international economy, and nationally specific institutions.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Ред.: Thomas Kochan, Anil Verma
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, 320 с.
This book presents a series of research essays on the state of unions in many different parts of the world. Written by leading researchers in the field it provides insights into the causes of union decline. But it goes beyond historical analyses to investigate the prospects for the future. Can unions organize in segments of the workforce such as the youth, women, low wage workers and those in the informal sector? Can unions network with other organizations such as NGOs nationally and internationally to gain power and influence?
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)