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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 270

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А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
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Опубликовано на портале: 18-12-2009
Nicole Woolsey Biggart, Marco Orrú, Gary G. Hamilton
Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1996, 426 с.
East Asia's dynamic entrance into the global economy has provided a fruitful avenue for research in economic sociology. In this perceptive and timely volume, the authors theorize Asian capitalism and analyze the economic organization of East Asia. Presenting differing dimensions of a Weberian perspective, the authors first provide a theoretical grounding, then consider capitalism in East Asia comparatively, and finally contrast the economies of East Asia and Europe. The book shows how radically different social and cultural institutions can lead to economies that are organized in remarkably similar ways.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Ayalneh Bogale, Konrad Hagedorn, Benedikt Korf
Durban, 2003
This paper seeks to address the question: why does poverty persist in rural Ethiopia? We argue that it is largely a lack of entitlements to fundamental livelihood assets which urges poor rural farmers into livelihood diversification to make a living. We base our findings on empirical work, which is based on information gathered from a three-round survey of 149 rural households in Ethiopia during 1999/2000 cropping season. The FGT poverty index is employed to examine the extent and severity of rural poverty and reveals that nearly 40% of the sample households live below poverty line with average poverty gap of 0.047. The binary logit estimates shed light on factors behind the persistence of poverty and indicates that rural poverty is strongly linked to entitlement failures to crucial assets such as land, human capital and oxen. The study also reveals that poor households attempt to smooth their consumption and income through livelihood diversification, among which petty trading, charcoal making and fuelwood gathering for sale, brewing and
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-04-2004
Charles Bosk, Steven Hillgartner
Казань: Изд-во КГУ, 2000, 18-53 с.
В статье Хилгартнера и Боска предлагается концепция конкуренции между социальными проблемами, разработанная в рамках конструкционистского подхода. Социальные проблемы конкурируют между собой за то, чтобы попасть в публичную повестку дня. Эта конкуренция вызвана ограниченностью таких ресурсов, как пропускная способность публичных арен, включая средства массовой коммуникации, внимание и время политиков, а также внимание общественности.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Harry B. Bowen, Abraham Hollander, Jean-Marie Viaene
Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998, 680 с.
This text is about positive and normative issues in international trade and focuses on methods of applied analysis. It includes essential theory sections and chapters dealing with imperfect competition and other new trade theory topics. It also identifies the implications and weaknesses of the various theories and models in terms of empirical implementation. In summary, the text provides a complete and up-to-date approach to applied international trade analysis.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Martina Brockmeier, Claudia A. Herok, Oliver von Ledebur, Petra Salamon
Durban, 2003
Enlarging the EU presents a tremendous effort with obstacles for old and new member states especially in the agricultural sector. In this paper, impacts of a new accession round were analyzed with the help of the comparative-static general equilibrium model GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project). The standard version was extended to allow for a better representation of specific instruments of the Common Agriculture Policy and the EU budget.

To capture detailed effects in new member states, simulations were carried out for 12 candidate countries, the EU-15 and the rest of the world. As for products the focus lies on agriculture. Scenarios include an enlargement with and without the transfer of direct payments in the new member states, according to the proposal of the EU commission from January 2002. Simulations in a post-Agenda 2000 environment led to heterogeneous country specific impacts in the accession countries whereas the changes within EU-15 and the rest of the world were negligible. Due to adjustments in tariffs, trade balances of the new member states were deteriorating while welfare effects are positive. Transfer of direct payments led to more pronounced effects, especially with regard to output and trade. Without direct payments accession countries would be net contributors to the EU budget. This would change when they become eligible for this subsidy. In general, the analysis shows the importance of a country specific perspective.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Marie-Joelle Browaeys, Saskia J.M. Harkema
2001
In this paper the authors bring forward a new way of thinking about innovation and the relation between innovation, culture and management. As opposed to what the authors label traditional ways of thinking about organisations and innovation, which are mainly based on Newtonian equilibrium theory and scientific principles of management developed by Taylor (1911), the authors regard innovation as a complex process. This means that, metaphorically speaking we view innovation as a complex adaptive system (CAS). According to Holland (1995) complex adaptive systems exhibit emergence and selfregulation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-09-2003
Gerard Caprio, Patrick Honohan, Joseph E. Stiglitz
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001
This volume addresses one of the most topical and controversial issues in banking and financial policy. It explains why governments have felt the need to liberalize banking and finance, for example, by privatizing banks and allowing interest rates to be set by the market. It describes how the consequences have not always been smooth, and considers how financial liberalizations could be approached better in the future. In addition to a clear and concise presentation of current theories and global experience, there are six carefully chosen country case studies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Wendy Carlin, Reka Horvath
2000
How important is competition in the product market to the economic performance of the firm? How important is the corporate governance structure of the firm to its performance? How does external competition interact with corporate governance to influence firm performance? These questions are posed in a dramatic way in transition economies because product market competition and profit-seeking organizations with new ownership structures were both introduced within a short time period. This paper does not answer these questions. Its aim is to bring together the several often separate literatures that discuss the issues. In the first part, the competition-performance link in theory and empirical work is examined. In the second part, the ownership and governance structures in the firm and in particular, those that affect the key performance-related decision-making processes are investigated. In the third part, the sparse attention given in the literature to the possible interaction between external market pressures and corporate governance structures is considered. In each section, reference is made first to the theory and evidence from outside transition and second to transition-specific models and evidence.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-10-2003
Harold Wong Chee, Rod Harris
Изд-во: Pearson Education, 1998
This is a new and comprehensive text designed for courses in international and global marketing at undergraduate and postgraduate diploma level. It takes its structure from an analysis of courses in this area. It begins with a theoretical overview of strategy and globalisation, moving on to environmental analysis, global market entry strategies, the global marketing mix, and finally, the implementation of global marketing strategies. Each chapter is designed to be student friendly, containing an overview, summary, review questions, discussion questions, recommended reading and a case study which consolidates what has been learnt in that chapter.

Рекомендуется для использования в курсах “Международный маркетинг” и “Глобальный маркетинг, ориентированных на студентов начального и продвинутого уровней подгтовки. Книга содержит теоритетический обзор стратегии и глобализации, вопросы, связанные с анализом среды, стратегиями входа на рынок, глобальным комплексом маркетинга, осуществлением глобальной маркетинговой стратегии.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 13-06-2003
Noam Chomsky, Edward S. Herman
Изд-во: Knopf Publishing Group, 2003
В книге анализируется влияние людей и организаций, связанных со средствами массовой информации, на формирование социальных тем, знаний и правил. Авторы доказывают, что экономическая модель свободного рынка, примененная для средств массовой информации, неизбежно ведет к нормативному и узкому освещению событий, демонстрируя при этом, что в своей повседневной практике средства массовой информации защищают экономическую, социальную и политическую программу привилегированных групп общества.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 02-03-2004
Michael P. Clements, David F. Hendry
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2001
In their second book on economic forecasting, Michael Clements and David Hendry ask why some practices seem to work empirically despite a lack of formal support from theory. After reviewing the conventional approach to economic forecasting, they look at the implications for causal modeling, present a taxonomy of forecast errors, and delineate the sources of forecast failure. They show that forecast-period shifts in deterministic factors--interacting with model misspecification, collinearity, and inconsistent estimation--are the dominant source of systematic failure. They then consider various approaches for avoiding systematic forecasting errors, including intercept corrections, differencing, co-breaking, and modeling regime shifts; they emphasize the distinction between equilibrium correction (based on cointegration) and error correction (automatically offsetting past errors). Their results on forecasting have wider implications for the conduct of empirical econometric research, model formulation, the testing of economic hypotheses, and model-based policy analyses.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007
David Coady, Margaret Grosh, John Hoddinott
Изд-во: World Bank Publications, 2004, 109 с.
Drawing on a database of more than one hundred anti-poverty interventions in 47 countries, Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries provides a general review of experiences with methods used to target interventions in transition and developing countries. Written for policymakers and program managers in developing countries, in donor agencies, and in NGOs who have responsibility for designing interventions that reach the poor, it conveys what targeting options are available, what results can be expected as well as information that will assist in choosing among them and in their implementation.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Beatrice I. Conradie, Dana L. Hoag
Durban, 2003
In this paper the incremental values of water are calculated for irrigators in the Fish-Sundays Scheme of South Africa's Eastern Cape province. The socio-political pressure for redistribution of agricultural resources provided the imperative for this study. The model of the Fish-Sundays Scheme reflects a survey of 50 000 ha of fodder and citrus production. It explicitly models the water demand on sixteen typical farms, for five irrigation technologies, six crops and four livestock activities. The existing allocation generates an average value of R0.0423/m3/year, which increases to R0.0681/m3/year if farmer-to-farmer trading is allowed given existing infrastructure. Unrestricted trade raises the average value to R0.0719/m3/year. The marginal cost of additional water in the source basin is R0.05/m3/year for the first 315 million m3 and R1.27/m3/year to extend capacity beyond that.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Graham Crow, Sue Heath
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 288 с.
This book is concerned with the significance of time in work and everyday life. The contributors are among the foremost authorities in the field, and their up-to-date contributions consider the changing social meanings that time has in work, leisure and everyday routines. Together they provide a combination of theoretical and empirically-based approaches that reveal the social significance of time in all aspects of everyday lives.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию) ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Benjamin Davis, Sudhanshu Handa, Marco Stampini, Paul Winters
2002
This paper aims at evaluating the impact of two different cash transfer programs in rural Mexico – Procampo and Progresa – on total consumption, food consumption and other outcomes like investment, schooling and health care. Progresa is targeted to women, while Procampo goes to farmers, mostly men and many of which are poor. We show that both programs boost consumption. However, they obtain this effect through different channels. Progresa is destined to consumption expenditure directly, while Procampo, which is paid to landholders, boosts investments and needs time to produce its benefits. Furthermore, we separate program from gender effects and show that cash transfer programs targeted to men are beneficial only when the recipients own means of production. This suggest that policy makers should take into account the relationship between gender and ownership of assets when designing poverty reduction programs.
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