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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 270

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А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-03-2005
Tom Devane, Peggy Holman
Изд-во: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 1999, 394 с.
When people in an organization or community get together and work for change, the result can be powerful. But managing group dynamics is often difficult. This unique guide showcases 18 tried-and-true methods for facilitating change in a group situation, each explained by an expert who developed or elaborated the method. The book explains what each method is rather than how to do it, with extensive suggestions for further reading.

Опубликовано на портале: 28-05-2008
Geert Duysters, John Hagedoorn
1996
This paper contributes to the understanding of the importance of dynamic firm capabilities for corporate performance in isolating the effect of core competences on the performance of companies. It discusses and tests the assumed relation between core competences and economic performance, including the effect of the external appropriation of these competences through mergers and acquisitions as well as through strategic technology alliances. A major conclusion is that, particularly in high-tech sectors, a specific set of endogenous technological core capabilities is needed to generate performance differentials. Also, the external appropriation of competences does not seem to be an easy solution through which companies can improve their existing capabilities.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-05-2004
Robert G. Eccles, Robert H. Herz, E. Mary Keegan
Москва: Олимп-Бизнес, 2002
Слова "захватывающий" и "бухгалтерский", казалось бы, не сочетаются, но, пожалуй, никак иначе и не описать содержащийся в этой книге страстный призыв к революции в мире корпоративной отчетности. Книга написана совсем не бухгалтерским языком и скорее напоминает ниспровергающую прокламацию. Ее основная идея такова: традиционная отчетность компаний никуда не годится, ибо в ней отсутствуют рыночная информация и показатели, характеризующие факторы стоимости. В результате инвесторы вынуждены принимать решения о купле-продаже тех или иных акций, исходя из краткосрочных финансовых результатов, что порождает беспрецедентную изменчивость цен, охватившую в последнее время мировые рынки капитала. От этого страдают и сами инвесторы, и компании, чьи акции не получают обоснованной рыночной оценки, и национальные экономики в целом. Какой выход предлагают авторы? Предавать гласности больше информации лучшего качества. Эта новая модель изображена настолько подробно, что руководители компаний могли бы использовать ее в качестве полноценного практического пособия при построении новой системы корпоративной отчетности. Но совершенно не надо быть главой корпорации, чтобы уразуметь посыл и далеко идущие выводы этой книги, которая рекомендуется всем профессионалам как (без преувеличения) захватывающее исследование нынешнего состояния корпоративной отчетности, ее перспектив и стандартов, задающих общее направление развитию всей мировой экономики.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Karin Eckstein, Helmut Hoffmann, Jutta Gloeggler
2004
In the context of the mid-term evaluation of rural development programmes (EU regulation 1257/99) the Bavarian agri-environmental programme, the so-called Kulturlandschaftsprogramm Part A” (KULAP-A), was evaluated. By means of this programme, only agricultural land related measures are supported. The measures may refer to the whole agricultural enterprise, parts of it or the individual plot. The guideline of the EU-commission demand analysis about the effects of the programme on biotic and abiotic environmental resources such as soil, water, species and their habitat and landscape. This paper focuses on the results concerning the protection of soil erosion and water contamination. For this, statistical data corresponding the supported measures were analysed. Additionally a survey of farmers participating and non-participating at the programme was conducted. In this study the dead-weight-effect is discussed as an effect which can be excluded in cases when: due to the programme an intensification of management is prevented, a low intensive management is reached or the abandonment of farming could at least be delayed.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Uwe Eiteljorge, Monika Hartmann
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 243-269 с.
The collapse of the former Soviet Union has led to a sharp decline in the trading of agricultural products between its successor states. There have been attempts to revive these trade relations by means of bilateral and regional trade agreements. In addition, almost all member states of the CIS are in the process of negotiating accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). Because of its size and agricultural production potential, the Russian Federation is of primary importance in this respect. The integration of the Russian Federation in the world economy, which is expected to result from its accession to the WTO, will have a sizeable impact not only on its own agricultural sector, but also on the world markets for agricultural products.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Chamsy El-Ojeili, Patrick Hayden
New-York, 2006, 256 с.
Critical Theories of Globalization is a highly accessible text that provides a comprehensive overview of globalization and its consequences. Exploring the insights of a wide range of critical theorists, this book provides an introduction to globalization from the perspective of social and political critical theory. Clearly organized around thematic chapters designed to provoke student inquiry, the book demonstrates how the views of critical theorists are crucial to understanding the global processes shaping the world today.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Wilfred J. Ethier, J. Peter Neary, Elhanan Helpman
Cambridge, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 308 с.
This book presents a representative collection of state-of-the-art papers on international trade, one of the most dynamic sub-fields in economics. The contributions range over all the major areas of current research, including articles on the geographical aspects of international trade by Paul Krugman and Alan Deardorff, on dynamic stochastic economies by Avinash Dixit, and on endogenous growth by Gene Grossman and Elhanan Helpman. In addition to the theoretical contributions, the book also contains work on important policy issues such as auction quotas, discussed by Kala Krishna, and the role of government in economic development, by Anne Krueger. Also included is an assessment by Bill Ethier of the theoretical achievements of a leading authority in international trade theory, Ronald Jones, in whose honour the essays were written.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
George W. Evans, Seppo Honkapohja
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
A crucial challenge for economists is figuring out how people interpret the world and form expectations that will likely influence their economic activity. Inflation, asset prices, exchange rates, investment, and consumption are just some of the economic variables that are largely explained by expectations. Here George Evans and Seppo Honkapohja bring new explanatory power to a variety of expectation formation models by focusing on the learning factor. Whereas the rational expectations paradigm offers the prevailing method to determining expectations, it assumes very theoretical knowledge on the part of economic actors. Evans and Honkapohja contribute to a growing body of research positing that households and firms learn by making forecasts using observed data, updating their forecast rules over time in response to errors. This book is the first systematic development of the new statistical learning approach. Depending on the particular economic structure, the economy may converge to a standard rational-expectations or a "rational bubble" solution, or exhibit persistent learning dynamics. The learning approach also provides tools to assess the importance of new models with expectational indeterminacy, in which expectations are an independent cause of macroeconomic fluctuations. Moreover, learning dynamics provide a theory for the evolution of expectations and selection between alternative equilibria, with implications for business cycles, asset price volatility, and policy. This book provides an authoritative treatment of this emerging field, developing the analytical techniques in detail and using them to synthesize and extend existing research.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Imre Ferto, Lionel G. Hubbard
2003
We analyse the evolving pattern of Hungary.s agri-food trade using recently developed empirical procedures based on the classic Balassa index and its symmetric transformation. The extent of trade specialisation exhibits a declining trend; Hungary lost comparative advantage for a number of product groups over the 1990s. The indices of specialisation have also tended to converge. For particular product groups, the picture is mixed: indices are reasonably stable for product groups with comparative disadvantage, but those with weak to strong comparative advantage show significant variation. The results reinforce the finding of a general decrease in specialisation, but do not support the idea of self-reinforcing mechanisms, emphasised strongly in much of the endogenous growth and trade literature.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-10-2003
The entropy concept was developed and used by Shannon in 1940 as a measure of uncertainty in the context of information theory. In 1957 Jaynes made use of Shannon's entropy concept as a basis for estimation and inference in problems that are ill-suited for traditional statistical procedures. This volume consists of two sections. The first section contains papers developing econometric methods based on the entropy principle. An interesting array of applications is presented in the second section of the volume.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-07-2006
Timothy J. Galpin, Mark Herndon
Москва: Вильямс, 2005, 240 с.
Книга "Руководство по слияниям и поглощениям" - это практическое пособие, написанное опытными консультантами, которые принимали участие в десятках слияний и поглощений. В ней рассказывается о причинах нынешней активизации слияний и поглощений, приводятся примеры удачных и неудачных сделок. Авторы уделяют большое внимание предварительному обследованию деятельности компаний и разъясняют последствия недостаточно тщательного проведения этой процедуры, а также описывают поэтапную процедуру интеграции и приводят примеры основных документов. В книге особое внимание уделяется самому сложному аспекту слияний и поглощений - интеграции корпоративных культур и человеческого капитала. Авторы особенно подчеркивают значение анализа управления на всех этапах слияния и поглощения. Отдельная глава посвящена оценке результатов интеграции. Авторы положили в основу оценки эффективности слияния или поглощения сбалансированную систему показателей деятельности компании, модифицированную с учетом особенностей переходного периода.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Emilio Gatto, Beatriz E. Velazquez, Roberto Henke
2002
The set of policy tools that the EU puts under the heading of Rural Development is extremely heterogeneous, such heterogeneity translates into a different degree of coupling support with agriculture production and also brings out the need to discuss the actual consistency of such tools with the UE position on NTCs at WTO. Examined in the present work are the Rural Development Plans (RDPs) and the Regional Operative Plans (ROPs) recently approved by the European Commission for the Italian Regions. The analysis is of a purely qualitative type and is based on currently available information, that is, the measures and the relative project typologies approved within the Plans. Taking into account the EU position on NTCs and their relation with multifunctionality we look at the tools applied for Rural Development in Italy with respect to their degree of de-coupling, production of externalities/non marketable goods and consistency with the EU position on NTCs. Financial allotment by measure typology is also examined. We found out that the present set of actions that fall under rural development is still dominated by a sector-based intervention, even in the case of measures aimed at safeguarding the environment, the least contestable ones. Paradoxically, the measures aimed at the promotion of Rural Development and at training, that better respond to the NTC objectives, are those for which the least resources are located.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Thomas Glauben, Christian Henning, Arne Henningsen
2003
The study is devoted to the comparative static analysis and econometric estimation of farm household decisions under both standard and agricultural taxes. Accounting for labor market constraints a non- separable model is constructed implying increasing per-unit costs of accessing labor markets. To control for tax-induced adjustments related to labor market imperfections we compare the results to those derived from a separable approach, assuming perfect labor markets. Theoretical results suggest that most tax-induced responses are ambivalent mainly caused by shadow prices effects. Further, tax-induced effects differ between the two model versions. In particular standard taxes may imply production adjustments in the case of non- separability.

Thus, income and value-added taxes are no more necessarily superior to agricultural taxes. Econometric analysis using individual household data from Mid-West Poland indicates remarkable responses to market surplus and input taxes. In contrast, standard and land taxes imply only negligible production adjustments. Thus, they seem to be superior, at least in the Polish case.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
G.R. Griffith, R.J. Farquharson, S.A. Barwick, R.G. Banks, W.E. Holmes
2003
This study aimed at estimating the costs and benefits of all beef cattle genetic improvement activity, across Australia, over the period 1970 to the present. The total cumulative Present Value (PV) of investments by industry, government and other agencies into selection, crossbreeding and grading up since 1963, and of imported genetics, was estimated to be $340m (in $2001 at a 7% discount rate). Using a suite of genetic evaluation models, farming systems models and an industry-level model, the cumulative PV of industry returns were estimated. Within-breed selection generated $944m; crossbreeding in southern Australia $255m; changing breed composition in southern Australia $62m; and changing breed composition in northern Australia $8.1bn. The benefit/cost ratio for this investment was 28:1 over the last 30 years.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-10-2003
Traditional growth theory emphasizes the incentives for capital accumulation rather than technological progress. Innovation is treated as an exogenous process or a by-product of investment in machinery and equipment. Grossman and Helpman develop a unique approach in which innovation is viewed as a deliberate outgrowth of investments in industrial research by forward-looking, profit-seeking agents.
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