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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 60

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Опубликовано на портале: 27-12-2002
Maria Osteraker
In qualitative management research the researcher is sometimes confronted with questions about the use of theory, the value of the empirical findings and the relation between the researcher and his/her informants. This paper presents phenomenography as a research method and describes how the phenomenographic researcher tries to struggle with these dilemmas. At the same time it presents the argumentation for a practical use of the method also in management research.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007
Vincent Ostrom
Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1989, 202 с.
The author dichotomizes the democratic administration and bureaucratic administration. Bureaucratic administration, originated with Weber and Wilson, is associated with a system of "good" administration that is hierarchically ordered in a system of graded ranks subject to political direction by heads of departments at the center of government. The bureaucratic administration is assumed to produce efficient results and also makes the government responsible, as opposed to fragmented authority, in that it will be possible to show clearly who is the responsible when failures occurred. Democratic administration, according to Ostrom, is associated with fragmentation of authority and overlapping jurisdictions, and represents the opposite of bureaucratic administration based on unitary command of authority. To Ostrom, democratic administration, indulging fragmented authority and overlapping jurisdictions, is that what founding fathers of the United States deliberately envisioned. Ostrom believes that Wilsonian paradigm of bureaucratic administration has changed the nature of American public administration by leading to numerous reforms that aimed to strengthen the President and by overcoming "fragmented authority and overlapping jurisdictions" with the promise to "make the government more responsible and efficient in solving the problems of the society (i.e., war on poverty). Ostrom explains how the centralization of power in the Executive branch created unfortunate problems that have consumed the trust of citizens in government that divulges itself in the fact that half of the registered voters don't bother to voting any longer.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Mary O'Sullivan
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 346 с.
During the 1990s, corporate governance became a hot issue in all of the advanced economies. For decades, major business corporations had reinvested earnings and developed long-term relations with their labour forces as they expanded the scale and scope of their operations. As a result, these corporations had made themselves central to resource allocation and economic performance in the national economies in which they had evolved. Then, beginning in the 1980s and picking up momentum in the 1990s, came the contests for corporate control. Previously silent stockholders, now empowered by institutional investors, demanded that corporations be run to 'maximize shareholder value'. In the United States many, if not most, top corporate executives have now embraced this ideology. In this highly original book, Mary O'Sullivan provides a critical analysis of the theoretical foundations for the shareholder value principle of corporate governance and for the alternative perspective that corporations should be run in the interests of 'stakeholders'. She embeds her arguments on the relation between corporate governance and economic performance in historical accounts of the dynamics of corporate growth in the United States and Germany over the course of the twentieth century. O'Sullivan explains the emergence and consequences of 'maximizing shareholder value' as a principle of corporate governance in the United States over the past two decades, and provides unique insights into the contests for corporate control that have unfolded in Germany over the past few years.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Keijiro Otsuka
Berlin, 2000
Based on the recently completed project on land tenure and the management of land and trees in Asia and Africa (Otsuka and Place 2000), this article attempts to identify the process by which population pressure leads to the individualization of land rights and its consequences on the management of land and trees. A particular focus will be placed on the development of agroforestry systems growing commercial trees, such as cocoa, coffee, cinnamon, and rubber, which are becoming important farming systems in agriculturally marginal areas, where people are particularly poor and natural forests have been degraded rapidly (Otsuka 2000).

The conceptual framework is discussed in the next section, which is followed by the examination of the results of case studies on the management of trees and cropland. Policy implications of this study are discussed in the final section.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2006
Steve Oualline
Изд-во: O'Reilly Media, 2002, 574 с.
In short, to-the-point chapters, Practical C++ Programming covers all aspects of programming including style, software engineering, programming design, object-oriented design, and debugging. It also covers common mistakes and how to find (and avoid) them. End of chapter exercises help you ensure you've mastered the material. Steve Oualline's clear, easy-going writing style and hands-on approach to learning make Practical C++ Programming a nearly painless way to master this complex but powerful programming language.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Emily A. Ouma, Gideon A. Obare, Steven J. Staal
Durban, 2003
This paper uses data from a survey of two hundred and fifty cattle keeping households in three cattle keeping systems; intensive, semi-intensive and extensive systems to estimate the value of non-market, socio- economic benefits of cattle in Kenya. These benefits of cattle keeping are of special importance in developing countries, where financial markets function poorly and opportunities for risk management through formal insurance generally absent. However, when estimating the total contribution of livestock, these non - market functions are often ignored since they are difficult to value, yet they may contribute to a better understanding of livestock production systems. The use of contingent valuation method is employed in this study to elicit these non-market values. Econometric estimations are then used to assess the factors influencing the non - market benefits function. The results indicate that these benefits are highly valued by cattle keepers and comprise approximately 20% of the animal.s total value across the three systems. They are influenced by various production system and household related factors. Implications for policy are drawn.
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Теория игр [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 27-12-2006
Guillermo Owen
Москва: Едиториал УРСС, 2004, 216 с.
Предлагаемое издание представляет собой краткое и сравнительно элементарное учебное пособие, пригодное как для первоначального, так и для углубленного изучения теории игр. Для ее чтения достаточно знания элементов математического анализа и теории вероятностей. Работа делится на две части, первая из которых посвящена играм двух лиц, а вторая - играм n лиц. Она охватывает большинство направлений теории игр. В частности, рассмотрены антагонистические игры, игры двух лиц с ненулевой суммой и основы классической кооперативной теории. Каждая глава снабжена задачами разной степени сложности. Книга вполне доступна студентам и аспирантам университетов, технических и экономических высших учебных заведений. Она представляет интерес не только для математиков, но и для специалистов в области исследования операций, военного дела, теории управления и математической экономики.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-09-2003
Joanne Oxley
London: Routledge, 1999, cерия "Studies in Global Competition", 127 с.
International joint ventures and strategic alliances built on recent theoretical developments in Transaction Costs Economics (TCE) and the factors influencing the formation and governance of these alliances are examined in this analytical text. By bringing rigorous empirical analysis to an arena which has largely been pursued through speculative and theoretical approaches, this book will prove to be an insightful contribution to international business, strategy, and economics.

Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2003
J. Paul Peter, Jerry C. Olson
USA: McGraw-Hill, 2001
Consumer Behavior provides students with the knowledge and skills necessary to perform consumer analyses that can be used for understanding markets and developing effective marketing strategies. The authors have developed what they call the Wheel of Consumer Analysis, which is a tool to help the reader understand how consumer affect and cognition, consumer behavior, consumer environment, and marketing strategy interact. The wheel is a powerful tool for analyzing consumer behavior and can be used to understand consumers and to guide the development of effective marketing strategies.

Представленное издание дает студентам знания и навыки, необходимые для осуществления анализа потребителей, который может быть использован для развития понимания рынка и разработки эффективных маркетинговых стратегий. Авторы разработали инструмент, названный ими Механизм анализа потребителя, который поможет читателям понять потребителя и послужит руководством для разработки эффективных маркетинговых стратегий.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-10-2004
Linda Racioppi, Katherine O'Sullivan See
USA: Temple University Press, 1997, 277 с.
Книга является результатом исследования женского общественного движения в позднесоветский и постперестроечный период истории России (1980-1990-е гг.). Авторы искали ответ на вопрос о том, как различные женские организации и отдельные личности адаптировали свою деятельность в ходе изменения политических, экономических и социальных условий в стране. Среди изученных организаций, были как государственные структуры (например, Комитет Советских Женщин), так и негосударственные организации (Женский Форум, Женская Лига). Авторы неоднократно проинтервьюировали женщин-активистов из Санкт-Петербурга и Москвы, что дало им возможность проследить стратегии женской политической активности в динамике. Собственные наблюдения, интервью и другие материалы позволили авторам сделать вывод о том, что, несмотря на всю слабость и разобщенность женского движения в России, идеи феминизма получили свое развитие в России. Поскольку опыт общественной активности дает женщинам навыки, необходимые для политической активности и преодоления материальной зависимости, что является важным условием для становления феминисткого движения. В книге также представлен исторический экскурс в историю женского движения в России. Данное исследование интересна для всех интересующихся особенностями женского общественного движения в России переходного периода.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Jutta Roosen, Andrea Ordonez
Voluntary environmental agreements have been popular with government agencies in several countries. However, many questions remain about their efficiency as a regulatory tool. Recent analyses suggest that they are more effective than conventional regulatory or economic approaches when dealing with diffuse pollution and when innovation processes at the source are necessary to define effective regulation. This paper applies an activity-based framework to assess the contribution of such a voluntary agreement to the environmental performance of farms participating in a whole farm plan in the Southern part of Belgium. Using a cross-section of 52 farms, our results show that farms entering into environmental agreements are environmentally more efficient than non-participating farms in terms of the preservation and provision of landscape features. However, their environmental efficiency with regard to the reduction of non-desirable outputs, such as organic nitrogen, is mostly determined by technical efficiency and not by participation in the whole farm plan.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-07-2006
John R. Schermerhorn, James Hunt, Richard N. Osborn
Изд-во: Питер, 2004, cерия "Классика MBA", 640 с.
Книга поможет справиться с проблемами, стоящими перед организациями и работниками в начале двадцать первого века. Кроме фундаментальных основ организационного поведения, рассмотрено современное состояние быстроразвивающихся организаций, которые сталкиваются с неопределенностью, постоянными изменениями и испытывают воздействие высоких технологий. Книга предназначена для руководителей предприятий, менеджеров, студентов, занимающихся по программе МВА. Рекомендовано Экспертным советом Министерства образования РФ по программам "Мастер делового администрирования" в качестве учебника для слушателей, обучающихся по программам "Мастер делового администрирования".
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-03-2004
Steven M. Sheffrin, Arthur O'Sullivan
New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 2002
An activebook is an interactive, online, digital book that integrates text with other media. Activebooks connect technology supplements with the conceptual flow of the text to form a completely integrated learning environment. An activebook consists of two closely related components. The online component includes the theoretical concepts, multimedia content, interactive exercises, and other technology-enhanced material. The print component looks exactly like the online component and indicates when the user needs to go online to interact with a component of the text. The common look and feel of the print and online components greatly simplifies navigation.Microeconomics: Principles and Tools (activebook) Arthur O'Sullivan    Steven M. Sheffrin    Demo Chapter 4: Supply, Demand, and Market Equilibrium
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Paul R. Milgrom, John Donald Roberts, Harold Demsetz, Douglass C. North, Gordon Tullock, Mancur Olson
Ред.: A. Kenneth Shepsle, James E. Alt
Cambridge, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1990, 278 с.
This volume serves as an introduction to the field of positive political economy and the economic and political processes with which it is concerned. This new research tradition is distinct from both normative and historical approaches to political economy. Grounded in the rational-actor methodology of microeconomics, positive political economy is the study of rational decisions in a context of political and economic institutions. More analytical than traditional approaches, it is concerned with the derivation of principles and propositions against which real-world experience may be compared. Its focus is on empirical regularities, and its goal is theoretical explanation.

The field has focused on three main areas of research: models of collective action, constraints on competitive market processes, and the analysis of transaction costs. Developments in all of these areas are covered in the book. The first part of the volume surveys the field, while the second part displays positive political economy at work, examining a variety of subjects. The final part contains essays by leading political economists on the theoretical foundations of the field.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Tassew Woldehanna, Arie Oskam
There is some confusion in the literature on the consumption behaviour of farmers. We try to clear up some of the issues surrounding this confusion by elaborating and testing a model. Euler equations have been derived from a constant relative risk aversion utility function for total consumption expenditure, household expenditure and other expenditure, which includes durable goods. According to a test of Euler equations, farm households are not simply optimising lifetime utility. Rather, these households follow simple consumption rules, strongly influenced by habit formation. In line with most of the literature, we find that farm households are not borrowing constrained in their consumption expenditures.
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