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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 59

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Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Robert William Thurston
USA: Oxford University Press, 1987, 286 с.
Between 1906 and the outbreak of World War I, Moscow was the locale of great uncertainty and experimentation. Moscow's liberal leaders sought social and political stability for their city following the violence of the 1905 revolution by offering attractive programs in education, employment, housing and other areas to Moscow's unruly lower classes. They were countered in their efforts, however, by central authorities of the Old Regime, who feared the political effects of these programs and stressed social rigidity. Liberal City, Conservative State examines the resulting clash between the city and the state as it brought to the surface and exacerbated the deep tensions plaguing Russia by the eve of World War I. It focuses on the roots of this dispute, juxtaposing the Old Regime's rural background and orientation with the urban concerns of Moscow's liberals, and sees the state's essential failure in its inability to come to terms with the realities of urban life and growth. Providing new perspectives and insights into Russian liberalism, the scope and urgency of urban problems, and the importance of tsarist ideology in conditioning development after 1905, Moscow's story sheds light on the unsolved dilemmas and contradictions that pushed Russia inexorably toward revolution.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-03-2004
Данная публикация представляет нобелевскую лекцию американского экономиста итальянского происхождения Франко Модильяни по случаю получения им в 1985 году премии памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за вклад в анализ сбережений и финансовых рынков. В лекции автор описывает основные принципы построения своей теории о гипотезе жизненного цикла. Материал изложен простым английским языком и находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Ariela Royer
Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers, 1998
Many healthcare professionals are focusing their concerns on controlling symptoms and minimizing physical distress while failing to deal with the social and psychological factors related to living with long-term chronic illness. Ariela Royer makes an important contribution to the study of health and illness behavior by showing the various strategies chronically ill people use to manage their symptoms and overcome the consequences of their particular illness, so they can live the most normal life possible and maintain their self-esteem. In spite of the popular belief linking chronic illness mainly to aging, most chronic problems extend across the life span. The author shows various strategies the chronically ill may use to live with the uncertainty inherent in chronic illness. She also discusses how one might try to overcome or to minimize the salient social consequences of chronic illness, such as stigma and social isolation, in order to get on with their lives.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-09-2003
In this book, Professor Johansen, a leading statistician working in econometrics, gives a detailed mathematical and statistical analysis of the cointegrated vector autoregressive model, which has been gaining in popularity. This monograph, written by a leading statistician working in econometrics, gives a detailed mathematical and statistical analysis of the cointegrated vector autoregressive model. Applied and theoretical econometricians; graduate students of econometrics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-08-2004
This book presents the econometric analysis of single-equation and simultaneous-equation models in which the jointly dependent variables can be continuous, categorical, or truncated. Despite the traditional emphasis on continuous variables in econometrics, many of the economic variables encountered in practice are categorical (those for which a suitable category can be found but where no actual measurement exists) or truncated (those that can be observed only in certain ranges). Such variables are involved, for example, in models of occupational choice, choice of tenure in housing, and choice of type of schooling. Models with regulated prices and rationing, and models for program evaluation, also represent areas of application for the techniques presented by the author.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Ирина Безлепкина, Alfons Oude Lansink
The Russian agricultural sector has experienced many problems since the beginning of the 1990s that resulted in a fall in farm output. Employing a production function approach and, unlike other studies, farmlevel data on more than 20,000 Russian large-scale farms for the period 1995-2000, this study analyzes the impact of both production (land, labour, capital, materials) and financial (debts and budget transfers) determinants on the productivity. Inter-regional differences such as weather conditions and farm-specific features such as geographical location, management and soil quality are taken into account employing the fixed-effect estimation. The findings show that Russian farms operate under liquidity constraints that lower their productivity.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2007
Pat Hudson
Glasgow: Economic History Society, 2001
In Living Economic and Social History 103 contributors discuss the nature of economic and social history, past, present and future. Several trace their early influences and relate changes in the discipline to their own career path, memories and reflections. Many write of the key relationship between history and economics, particularly what historical study can bring to the discipline of economics. Others praise the broad church nature of the subject, and of the Society, emphasising the place of social history and the relationship between economic and social history and other social sciences. Several contributors write, above all, of the need for economic history to be accessible, appealing and entertaining whilst addressing big moral questions.

Gerald Aylmer, Maurice Beresford, Y.S. Brenner, A.R. Bridbury, Steven Broadberry, Stephen Caunce, Christopher Chalklin, Martin Chick, L.A. Clarkson, François Crouzet, L.M. Cullen, Lance Davis, Lord Meghnad Desai, Marguerite Dupree, Jan de Vries, Christopher Dyer, Stanley Engerman, Alan Everitt, Douglas Farnie, Marc Flandreau, Roderick Floud, James Foreman-Peck, Mark Freeman, W.R. Garside, Edwin Green, Knick Harley, Mark Harrison, Negley Harte, Max Hartwell, Michael Havinden, Riitta Hjerppe, R.L. Hills, Paul Hohenberg, Colin Holmes, Anthony Howe, Pat Hudson, Janet Hunter, Harold James, Bernard Jennings, David J. Jeremy, Christine Johnstone, W.P. Kennedy, Eric Kerridge, Charles P. Kindleberger, Steve King, D.S. Landes, A.J.H. Latham, Anne Laurence, Richard Lawton, Clive Lee, Christopher Lloyd, Paolo Malanima, J.D. Marshall, Peter Mathias, Bob Millward, Ranald Michie, Giorgio Mori, P.K. O'Brien, Avner Offer, Helen Paul, Karl Gunnar Persson, Robin Pearson, George Peden, Harold Perkin, Richard Perren, Brian Phillips, N.J.G. Pounds, Roger L. Ransom, Alastair Reid, Eric Richards, W.W. Rostow, E. Royle, W.D. Rubinstein, Osamu Saito, Michael Sanderson, John Saville, Pam Sharpe, Rick Steckel, Victor Skipp, Barry Supple, Richard Sylla, Rick Szostak, Eric Taplin, Yoshiteru Takei, Alice Teichova, Joan Thirsk, F.M.L. Thompson, Janet Tierney, Richard Tilly, Steve Tolliday, B.R. Tomlinson, Jim Tomlinson, Gabriel Tortella, Rick Trainor, G.N. von Tunzelmann, Hans-Joachim Voth, Immanuel Wallerstein, Malcolm Wanklyn, Ron Weir, Chris Wrigley.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Walter P. Falcon
Berlin, 2000
This essay seeks to shed light on the causes and potential consequences of restricted germplasm flows among nations. My objective is to provide a synthesis of existing literature and events of which I was a part, with a focus on food security in poor countries. Regrettably, the mechanisms restricting flows are complicated, the data on the size and direction of flows are meager, the outcomes are uncertain, and the policy mechanisms for alleviating the problems are largely untested. My general hypothesis is that four separate forces are now interacting in ways that should worry everyone concerned with the transfer of technology, particularly improved crop varieties, to scores of the world’s poorest nations. These elements include: new provisions on intellectual property, especially patenting in the United States; an increased concentration of new enabling technologies into a few large multinational companies; heightened anxieties over transgenic foods, especially in Europe; and new problems arising from old ambiguities in the Convention on Biodiversity. Individually, these components are reasonably well understood. Collectively, however, they are poorly understood, and their combined impact on the poorer countries of the world is very troublesome.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
This book develops an original theory of group and organizational behavior that cuts across disciplinary lines and illustrates the theory with empirical and historical studies of particular organizations. Applying economic analysis to the subjects of the political scientist, sociologist, and economist, Mr. Olson examines the extent to which the individuals that share a common interest find it in their individual interest to bear the costs of the organizational effort.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-03-2005
Martin Christopher
Upper Saddler River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998
Logistics management is increasingly being seen as a source of competitive strength. Its effective use provides potential for cost reduction and the opportunity for increasing market share. The second edition discusses the role of logistics in achieving corporate and financial goals. Updated and expanded with more checklists, more short cases and executive summaries, this is an invaluable guide for all logistics and distribution managers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006
Anthony P. D'Costa
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, 264 с.
The author captures the evolution of Indian industrial capitalism by extending the 'models of capitalism' and 'regulation framework'. Using principally the auto industry and anchoring the analysis to the expansion of markets, he demonstrates that the Indian state and businesses have been important institutions for creating markets. He acknowledges significant market growth, but also underscores several contradictions arising from such capitalist development. There is a wealth of data, which scholars, policymakers, and businesses will find very useful.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Ред.: Robert F. Engle
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003
In this interesting survey of recent developments in the field of cointegration, the authors discuss how cointegration (the linking of long run components of a pair or of a group or series), can be used to discuss some types of equilibrium and to introduce those equilibria into time-series models in a fairly uncontroversial way. The authors discuss the basic ideas in their introduction and the final chapters review the most recent developments in the field in a non-technical manner.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Constantine Iliopoulos
During recent years, dramatic changes in the world food system have led to unprecedented competition between agribusiness firms. To compete in this environment, agricultural cooperatives should invest substantially in long-term activities such as R&D and advertisement. Co-operatives have a difficult problem in acquiring equity capital because the residual claimant (benefactor) is the patron of the firm, not the investor. This organizational design poses to cooperatives three investment constraints:
a) the free rider problem,
b) the horizon problem, and
c) the portfolio problem.
Empirical analysis utilizing a latent variable structural equation model and a large dual response survey suggests that in the U.S. member-patrons are more likely to invest in co-operatives which adopt well defined property rights policies and structures than traditional co-operatives characterized by vaguely-defined property right structures. Agribusiness co-operatives in the European Union are gradually adopting long-term financing methods that possess one or more of the characteristics found in successful U.S. ‘New Generation Cooperatives.’ However, it seems that they have paid less attention in designing their organizational structures (e.g., membership policies). This may inhibit their efforts to gain a competitive advantage over investor-owned firms.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Cristina Brasili, Roberto Fanfani
The main objective of this paper is to analyse the structural changes in European Agri-food systems in the last 30 years in order to verify the presence of a convergence process towards a more homogeneous structure among EU countries. This analysis considers the relative importance of the main components of Agri-food systems (agriculture, food industry and food consumption) and how they change over time. The analysis of convergence utilise the European National Accounting Data (from the SEC2 Data Base of Eurostat) from 1970 to 2000 for twelve EU countries. We use tests of convergence on cross section data by countries, but also stochastic kernel methodologies to verify the dynamic evolution of groups of countries inside the EU. The results show there are important process of convergence among countries for the variables of the Agri-food system that are more linked to the economic development, such as the importance of agriculture and food consumption in GDP. On the other hand there are divergences on the variables more linked to the openness degree and to the competitiveness of the Agri-food system. The presence of polarisation process among groups of countries contribute to permanence of long run structural changes among Northern and Southern countries in the EU.
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