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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 161

все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Johannes Jutting
Community based health insurance schemes are becoming increasingly recognized as an instrument which help farmers in rural areas of low income countries to better manage health. Health risks present a permanent threat to the income earning capacity of poor people. Beside direct economic cost for treatment and lost working time, indirect cost such as a reduction in labor supply materialize which increases the vulnerability of the household. It is often hypothesized that community based health insurance improve social protection, but quantitative analysis is largely missing. Against this background, this paper analyzes if members in a mutual health insurance scheme have a better access to health care than non-members taking “les mutuelles de santés” (mutual health organization) in rural Senegal as an example. Limited dependent and log linear regressions are used to capture the impact of health insurance on the probability of visiting a health care provider and the out-of-pocket expenditure at the point of use . The results of the analysis show that while community based health insurance schemes reach otherwise excluded people, the poorest of the poor in the communities are not covered. Regarding the impact on the access to health care, members have a higher probability of using hospitalization services compared to non-members and pay substantially less when they need care. Given the results from this study, community financing schemes have the potential to improve the risk management capacity of rural households.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-08-2007
Peter A. Diamond, John Geanakoplos
Social Security trust fund portfolio diversification to include some equities reduces the equity premium by raising the safe real interest rate. This requires changes in taxes. Under the hypothesis of constant marginal returns to risky investments, trust fund diversification lowers the price of land, increases aggregate investment, and raises the sum of household utilities, suitably weighted. It makes workers who do not own equities on their own better off, though it may hurt some others since changed taxes and asset values redistribute wealth across contemporaneous households and across generations. In our companion paper we reconsider the effects of diversification when there are decreasing marginal returns to safe and risky investment. Our analysis uses a two-period overlapping generations general equilibrium model with two types of agents, savers and workers who do not save. The latter represent approximately half of all workers who hold no equities whatsoever.

Опубликовано на портале: 16-08-2005
Ред.: David B. Grusky
Boulder: Westview Press, 2001
The field of stratification is being transformed and reshaped by advances in theory and quantitative modeling as well as by new approaches to the analysis of economic, racial, and gender inequality. Although these developments are revolutionary in their implications, until now there has been no comprehensive effort to bring together the classic articles that have defined and redefined the contours of the field.

In this up-to-date Anthology, the history of stratification research unfolds in systematic fashion, with the introductory articles in each section providing examples of the major research traditions in the field and the concluding essays (commissioned from leading scholars) providing broader programmatic statements that identify current controversies and unresolved issues. This comprehensive reader is defined as a primary text for introductory courses on social stratification and as a supplementary text for advanced courses on social classes, occupations, labor markets, or social mobility.

This volume offers essential reading for undergraduates who require an introduction to the field, for graduate students who wish to broaden their understanding of stratification research, and for advanced scholars who seek a basic reference guide. Although most of the selections are middle-range theoretical pieces suitable for introductory courses, then Anthology also includes advanced contributions on the cutting edge of research. The editor outlines a modified study plan for undergraduate students requiring a basic introduction to the field.

„A very important collection of the most significant contributions to this core area of sociology, including excellent coverage of the most recent work in the field. The Anthology surely will become the standard classroom text and an invaluable reference.“
                       Aage B. Sørensen, Harvard University

„Sociologists have not had an up-to-date reader on social stratification for twenty years. This novel collection does the job. Its coverage is both broad and deep, running the theoretical gamut from functionalism through class analysis to post-industrialism, yet also challenging the reader to work through the key quantitative studies on the cutting edge of research.“
                       Robert M. Hauser, University of Wisconsin
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Irma Bogenrieder, Bart Nooteboom
This article investigates what learning groups there are in organizations, other than the familiar communities of practice. It first develops an interdisciplinary theoretical framework for identifying, categorizing and understanding learning groups. For this, it employs a constructivist, interactionist theory of knowledge and learning. It employs elements of transaction cost theory and of social theory of trust. Transaction cost economics neglects learning and trust, but elements of the theory are still useful. The framework is used in an empirical study in a consultancy company, to explore what learning groups there are, and to see if its theory can explain their functioning and their success or failure.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2006
Peter Saunders
Изд-во: Routledge, 2006, 462 с.
"Social Theory and the Urban Question" offers a guide to, and a critical evaluation of key themes in contemporary urban social theory, as well as a re-examination of more traditional approaches in the light of recent developments and criticism. Dr. Saunders discusses current theoretical positions in the context of the work of Marx, Weber and Durkheim. He suggests that later writers have often misunderstood or ignored the arguments of these 'founding fathers' of the urban question. Dr. Saunders uses his final chapter to apply the lessons learned from a review of their work in order to develop a new framework for urban social and political analysis. This book was first published in 1981
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Опубликовано на портале: 18-12-2009
Paul K. Edwards
Ред.: Marek Korczynski, Randy Hodson
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, 516 с.
This book brings together leading academics from important schools of social and economic theory to make a pressing, spirited and highly engaging case for the relevance of these particular perspectives in contributing to the analysis of contemporary work. The schools covered are: Weberian, Marxian, Durkheimian, feminist, neo-classical economics, institutional economics, ethics, Foucauldian, postmodernist, organizational sociology, and economic sociology of work and labor/industrial relations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Eduardo Segarra, Daniel G. de la Torre Ugarte, Jaime Malaga, Gary W. Williams
Durban, 2003
A non-linear optimization model which maximizes total Ecuadorian social welfare, defined as the sum of Consumers’ and producers’ surpluses for the four major crops (corn, bananas, rice and African palm) is developed to evaluate the tradeoff between welfare and environmental degradation in Ecuador. It was found that a total welfare loss of US$122 million (a 11 percent reduction - from US$ 1.112 billion to US$ 989.66 million) would be expected from a 30 percent reduction in the total pesticide load on the environment in the production of the four major crops. The distributional impacts of the welfare loss were found, however, to be significantly skewed toward the loss of consumers’ surplus. Specifically, a 30 percent reduction of total pesticide load on the environment would result in a reduction of 3.86 percent of producers’ total surplus while consumers would be expected to loose 19.46 percent of their total surplus.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Guirao Perez, Cano Fernandez, Lopez M.I. Yurda, Rodriguez Donate
In this paper we measure the impact of an individual’s socioeconomic conditions on the decision to consume wine in a traditionally wine-producing area. Based on the data obtained in an exhaustive survey on wine consumption and through discrete choice models, we assess the changes which come about in the decisions to consume the different types of wine under consideration, and we obtain the most relevant distinctive and differentiated characteristics for each one of them.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Stephen G. Mbogoh, Florence M. Wambugu, Sam Wakhusama
This article is based on a socio-economic impact study of the introduction and adoption of tissue-culture (tc) technology in banana production in Kenya. It attempts to demonstrate that a prudent introduction and promotion of a new biotechnological innovation in farming can make a positive contribution to the socio- economic status of resource poor farmers in a developing country, such as Kenya. Adoption of tc technology in banana production in Kenya is considered a good example of biotechnological applications in agriculture. Hence the article hopes to make a contribution to recent debates at international levels as to whether biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world (Qaim, 1999; Graff, et al 2002; Qaim, et al 2002) by showing that it actually does so, using experiences from Kenya. The study utilizes both primary and secondary data sources. The results show that tc-banana production is relatively more capital intensive than non-tc banana production (re: about 70% fixed costs for tc banana versus about 49% fixed costs for non-tc banana). However, tc-banana production is found to offer relatively much higher financial returns than non-tc banana production. The high profitability of tc-banana production relative to traditional (non-tc) banana production and other farm enterprises in the pilot tc-banana project area in Kenya demonstrates the importance of biotechnological applications in rural development and shows that biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world. Therefore, efforts to promote tc-banana production in Kenya are justifiable from both food security and economic criteria.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2007
Bengt Furaker
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, 272 с.
This book presents conceptual tools and theoretical perspectives that can be used to sociologically analyze labour markets in modern capitalist societies. It makes use of the rich heritage of sociological thinking and draws on the classical work of Marx, Weber and Durkheim as well as structural-functionalist contributions. Contemporary sociological thinking is criticized for its tendency to exaggerate change in labour markets while the need to consider continuity is emphasized. Conceptual tools and perspectives are applied based on concrete phenomena, as the author combines abstract theoretical reasoning with theoretically founded reflections on actual labour market developments.
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-09-2006
Цель книги – продемонстрировать значимость медицины как объекта социологической теории. Представленный спектр статей затрагивает широкий круг классиков социологии в контексте применения их концепций к проблемному полю социологии медицины.

Опубликовано на портале: 28-03-2004
Ред.: Marcello Truzzi
Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1968, cерия "Prentice-Hall Sociology Series", 371 с.
Сборник статей и фрагментов из книг, изданный в памятном 1968 году, представляет собой одну из ранних – и вполне удачных – попыток « приземлить » социологию, то есть показать, как можно социологически анализировать явления повседневной жизни, экзотические или малодоступные изучению сферы социального опыта, делать интересными и проблематичными знакомые и обыденные аспекты нашего опыта. Авторы преследуют как научную цель – выделить в самостоятельное направление социологию повседневности, так и учебную. В сборник включены классические фрагменты, например, Ирвинга Гоффмана о статус-символах, малоизвестные эссе известных авторов, например, социологическая интерпретация сна Харрисоном Уайтом, а также целый ряд менее известных, но не менее интересных социологических исследований карточных игр, езды на велосипеде, телефонных переговоров, магических культов и сект, цирка, процесса умирания и других знакомых, но малоисследованных явлений повседневной жизни.
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-09-2006
Сборник показывает, что социологическая теория позволяет по-новому взглянуть на человеческое поведение в ракурсе здоровья и болезни. Акцентируется внимание на том, что медицинское понимание физической и психической болезней не всегда разделяется пациентами, и это нередко приводит к фрустрации и сводит на нет лечебные практики. Примечательны статьи, в которых анализируется восприятие таких явлений, как старение, смерть, а также влияние представлений об этих явлениях на профессиональное поведение медиков. Авторов интересует, каким образом социальные факторы (такие, например, как социально-экономическое положение или брачный статус) могут влиять на тенденции смертности в обществе. Не менее содержательными являются и работы, в которых изучается процесс формирования современной системы здравоохранения. Ракурс этих исследований сфокусирован на вариации ее социальных аспектов. Отдельного внимания заслуживает поставленная в сборнике проблема медикализации общества, т.е. распространения медицинских принципов и метафор в повседневной жизни. Множество интерпретаций, верифицируемых авторами в применении к индивидуальному и коллективному поведению представителей медицинской профессии, позволяет получить насыщенное представление о проблемном поле и объяснительных возможностях современной социологии медицины.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2007
Ред.: Abbie Perry
Great Britain: Arnold, 1996
В книге предлагается cоциологический анализ деятельности основных агентов здравоохранения - врачей, медицинских сестер, менеджеров и государства. Используя различные аналитические подходы, авторы исследуют медицину с точки зрения ее роли и значения как социального института. Цель книги – описать и еще раз попытаться решить основные методологические и содержательные проблемы, стоящие перед медицинской социологией, начиная с множественности подходов к определению здоровья и заканчивая спецификой управления и социальной политики в сфере здравоохранения.

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
David Cheal
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 204 с.
This lucid and accessible introductory text from a highly regarded author provides students who are encountering the sociology of the family for the first time with a systematic and stimulating way of thinking about the subject based on a core set of analytical questions. Coherent and persuasive, it blends theory with empirical examples drawn from all over the world, thus offering valuable insights into the differences and commonalities between families in quite diverse social and cultural contexts.
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