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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 144

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А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Timothy J. Dalton
Zaragoza, 2003
New crop varieties often have been promoted in developing countries based upon superior yield vis-a-vis locally available varieties. This research presents a hedonic model for upland rice by drawing upon the input characteristics and consumer good characteristics model literature. Model specification tests determine that a combination of production and consumption characteristics best explains the willingness to pay for new upland rice varieties. This non-separable household model specification determined that four traits explain the willingness to pay for new rice varieties: plant cycle length, plant height, grain elongation/swelling and tenderness. Yield was not a significant explanatory variable of the willingness to pay for seed. br>
The implications of this model are two-fold. First, varietal development and promotion must include post-harvest characteristics in addition to production traits when determining which varieties to promote for official release. Secondly, non- yield production characteristics such as plant height and cycle length are significant factors in producers_ assessments of the value of a new variety. Overall, this paper provides an alternative explanation for limited adoption of modern upland rice varieties in West Africa: varietal evaluation programs have focused too narrowly on yield evaluation and have not promoted varieties with superior non-yield characteristics than locally available varieties.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-03-2004
Ред.: Roger Chartier
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989, 645 с.
Третий том пятитомного собрания «История частной жизни» (под общей редакцией Ф. Ариеса и Ж. Дюби) посвящен описанию частной жизни в Европе и развитию европейского индивидуализма на протяжении трех веков от Ренессанса до Просвещения. Основное внимание в статьях, составляющих том (редактор Р. Шартье), уделено описанию повседневных практик, на основе которых развивается сфера приватных чувств и самосознания, и множеству разнообразных конкретных деталей материальной культуры, относящихся к сфере частной жизни. Том содержит большое количество иллюстраций - картины, карты, фотографии.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Rita D. Medina-Muсoz, Diego R. Medina-Muсoz
2002
The establishment of cooperative relationships with other organizations is becoming something crucial to businesses, in a way that strategic alliances or interorganizational relationships (IR) constitute an important topic for research in management literature. This study analyzes interorganizational control (IC), which represents one of the processes within IR that is receiving greater attention in the literature, from a knowledge-based perspective. Besides describing its concept and dimensions, the effect of the knowledge to be transferred in the context of IR on IC is also assessed. To be specific, there is an analysis of the influence of the characteristics of the knowledge and the extent of assimilation of knowledge by the other partners on the extent of control and control types and mechanisms. Empirical evidence is provided by our study of the relationship between tour operators from Germany and the United Kingdom and the accommodation companies, which revolves around the control exercised by the tour operators over the accommodation companies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-10-2003
Garth Hallberg
New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1996
A new conceptual approach to marketing practice from the vice president at Ogilvy Mather Direct which describes how to build a new kind of brand loyalty that leads to old-fashioned brand growth and increased profits without incremental marketing investment. Demonstrates how to create a database of high-profit consumers and use it to generate a relationship-building direct marketing program.

В книге описан новый концептуальный подход к маркетинговой практике, показывающий как создать новый тип лояльности к бренду, который приведет к росту прибыли (без роста маркетинговых инвестиций). Показано, как создавать базы данных потребителей, приносящих высокие прибыли, и использовать их для генерирования программ прямого маркетинга.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Will Mitchell, Pierre Dussauge, Bernard Garrett
2001
This study addresses two main questions: First, what types of alliances do firms tend to create when combining different kinds of resources? Second, what governance mechanisms do firms set up to coordinate and protect resources when they use them for different alliances? The authors examine 227 alliances between competitors in Asia, North America, and Europe. We first identify two types of alliances: scale alliances in which the partner firms contribute similar resources, and link alliances in which the partners contribute complementary resources. As a resoult it was founded that firms contributing R&D and production resources tend to form scale alliances, while firms contributing marketing resources tend to enter into link alliances. The authors also conclude that firms are more likely to choose stronger protection mechanisms for link alliances, which create greater appropriation risks, while they tend to seek higher levels of coordination in scale alliances.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-05-2004
В книге « Логика экспрессивного выбора » Александр Шуслер провел впечатляющее исследование: он соединил теорию рационального выбора, социальную теорию и антропологический подход для объяснения того, почему голосуют избиратели. « Парадокс участия » - почему граждане опускают бюллетени, когда они лично не влияют на результаты выборов – долгое время озадачивал многих ученых. Особенно трудно это было объяснить сторонникам теории рационального выбора, которые любят описывать политическую активность в терминах стимулов. Решение Шуслера проблемы голосования - это « логика экспрессивного выбора ». Он утверждает, что люди голосуют не потому, что они верят в то, что их голос, в конечном счете, повлияет на результаты, а потому, что таким образом выражают себя и свои предпочтения.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 02-09-2003
Erik Olin Wright
Wisconsin, 2001
The central objective of this book is to clarify the complex array of alternative conceptualizations of class rooted in different theoretical traditions of class analysis. Each of the authors in the book has written extensively on problems of class and inequality within different traditions of class analysis. Each has been given the assignment of writing a kind of theoretical manifesto for a particular kind of class analysis.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Bruce L. Gardner
Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2002, 480 с.
Книга повествует об одной из прогрессивных аграрных экономик мира - американской. В послевоенный период, экономисты стали свидетелями значительного роста производительности данного сектора вместе с наметившимся перепроизводством продукции сельского хозяйства. Брюс Гарднер, один из самых известных аграрных экономистов современности, старается найти объяснение стремительному развитию сельского хозяйства и отставанию в развитии социальной сферы в данном секторе, которое имело место в историческом аспекте развития американского сельского хозяйства.

Раскрываются современные проблемы фермерства - низкие цены на аграрное сырьё и неоднозначность отношения к биотехнологиям. Автор показывает экономические трудности, с которыми сталкивается сегодня фермер, а также технологические и экономические изменения, позволившие взять новые высоты в борьбе с бедностью, достигнув относительного экономического паритета с остальным населением. В книге глубоко рассматриваются причины сформировавшихся трендов и аграрная политика правительства США.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Thomas Heckelei, Hendrik Wolff
2002
The paper introduces a general methodological approach for the estimation of constrained optimisation models in agricultural supply analysis. It is based on optimality conditions of the desired programming model and shows a conceptual advantage compared to Positive Mathematical Programming in the context of well posed estimation problems. Moreover, it closes the empirical and methodological gap between programming models and duality based functional models with explicit allocation of fixed factors. Monte Carlo simulations are performed with a maximum entropy estimator to evaluate the functionality of the approach as well as the impact of empirically relevant prior information in small sample situations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Fabio Bartolini, Vittorio Gallerani, Meri Raggi, Davide Viaggi
2004
The objective of the paper is to develop a methodology for supporting the evaluation and design of agri-environmental schemes. The methodology is based on a combination of mathematical programming, contract theory and multicriteria analysis and is tested on a case study in Northern Italy. The methodology proposed can add insights into the policy design process, by taking consistently into account three issues often overlooked: the adaptation of cropping systems to the measures proposed; the diversity of compliance costs among farmers; the multidimensionality of the decision problem.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Denis A. Nadolnyak, Ian M. Sheldon
2002
In the paper, a dynamic model of diffusion of genetically modified crop technology is developed and simulated using the U.S. soybean market data. The model accounts for factors specific to agricultural markets, such as oligopsony power and strategic interaction among crop processors, growers’ characteristics such as adoption behavior, and identity preservation requirements. Simulation results show how these factors affect the magnitude and distribution of the potential gains from genetically modified crops.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Andres Velasco
2003
This paper develops a political-economic model of fiscal policy one in which" government resources are a common property' out of which interest groups can finance" expenditures on their preferred items. This setup has striking macroeconomic implications. First, fiscal deficits and debt accumulation occur even when there are no reasons for intertemporal smoothing. Second deficits can be eliminated through a fiscal reform, but such a reform may only take place after a delay during which government debt is built up.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-08-2003
Geoffrey M. Hodgson
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2002
In the 1990s, institutional and evolutionary economics emerged as one of the most creative and successful approaches in the modern social sciences. This timely reader gathers together seminal contributions from leading international authors in the field of institutional and evolutionary economics including Eileen Appelbaum, Benjamin Coriat, Giovanni Dosi, Sheila C. Dow, Bengt-Еke Lundvall, Uskali Mдki, Bart Nooteboom and Marc R. Tool. The emphasis is on key concepts such as learning, trust, power, pricing and markets, with some essays devoted to methodology and others to the comparison of different forms of capitalism.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
W. Dunne, John J. O'Connell
2002
For decades the CAP has been the major influence in shaping EU agriculture and food production. The economic and policy environment in the EU is now very different from that which prevailed in the earlier decades. The future economic, social and geographic diversity of the EU will be further increased by enlargement. Agricultural policies and the related operational frameworks will inevitably change to accommodate this added diversity and the changing societal and consumer values. This paper evaluates how the current shape of EU agriculture has been influenced by the reforms to date. It also attempts to focus on where EU farming may be, or wish to go, over the next decade. The evaluation is restricted to the beef sector as it has been to the forefront in the policy reforms of the last decade and because the adjustments were inevitably complex due to the scale of the oversupply problems, the biological and market intricacies involved.

This evaluation concluded that the current EU beef policy is severely constrained with poor targeting of the income supports, high production costs, based on an administratively complex and expensive control system without any clear benefit to either society or taxpayer for a rather large expenditure. In the past, agricultural policy in the EU was primarily driven by the need for a secure food supply and with the objective of sustaining the economic and social needs of farmers. But, in the well fed and affluent EU society of the 21 st century, agricultural policy will be mainly driven by the economic and social goals which are rapidly changing. This society places a declining value on extra units of food production, but an increasing value on any public goods consumed in the production process. As a consequence, the mix of agricultural production and public goods that this society is prepared to support financially is changing rapidly. The level and components of farm incomes in the EU in the 21 st century will reflect these changes. Farm revenue will likely consist of a mix of payments for conventional agricultural products and public goods. The public good payments will be conditional on the level and type of inputs used, farming practices, types of products produced and a societal vision of the role of farming. This will affect production costs, scale of operation and the future configuration of agriculture and rural society. To meet this evolving situation the paper also develops and outlines a multi-commodity framework by which the EU could reorient its direct payment (DP) system to incorporate a range of public good values to the mutual benefit of consumers, taxpayers and farmers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Marjorie Le Bars, Jean-Marie Attonaty, Suzanne Pinson
2002
Water sharing has become a serious problem in France. One of the objectives of 1992 and 2000 directives proposed by the European Union was to reduce both the frequency and the extent of water conflicts through the establishment of multilateral negotiations, where different public and private interests can be represented in a structured institutional environment. In France, many negotiations take place at local level between farmers, water suppliers, public services and environmentalists to allocate water resources between users. We suggest that Agent–Based Modelling (ABM) using a multi-agent approach could help negotiations between different players by showing the consequences of water allocation rules and taking in consideration the players’ respective attitudes and their ability to change their behaviour.
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