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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 92

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Опубликовано на портале: 12-06-2003
John B. Judis, Ruy Teixeira
New York: Scribne, 2003
Авторы книги утверждают, что при сохранении и продолжении текущей демографической и политической ситуации в США, власть неизбежно перейдет к демократам. В доказательство они приводят ряд аргументов: возрастающую размытость электората; увеличение доли азиатского, латиноамериканского и афро-американского населения, склонного голосовать за демократические силы, в то время как количество белых американцев, склонных голосовать за республиканцев,остается неизменным; постиндустриализация американской экономики, порождающая новые социальные группы избирателей, склонных поддерживать демократические силы. Рассматриваются также и многие другие значимые элементы.Анализируя ситуацию, Джудис и Тиксейра предсказывают, что все необходимые предпосылки сойдутся вместе к 2008 г., и в США появится новое демократическое большинство.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Johannes Jutting
Community based health insurance schemes are becoming increasingly recognized as an instrument which help farmers in rural areas of low income countries to better manage health. Health risks present a permanent threat to the income earning capacity of poor people. Beside direct economic cost for treatment and lost working time, indirect cost such as a reduction in labor supply materialize which increases the vulnerability of the household. It is often hypothesized that community based health insurance improve social protection, but quantitative analysis is largely missing. Against this background, this paper analyzes if members in a mutual health insurance scheme have a better access to health care than non-members taking “les mutuelles de santés” (mutual health organization) in rural Senegal as an example. Limited dependent and log linear regressions are used to capture the impact of health insurance on the probability of visiting a health care provider and the out-of-pocket expenditure at the point of use . The results of the analysis show that while community based health insurance schemes reach otherwise excluded people, the poorest of the poor in the communities are not covered. Regarding the impact on the access to health care, members have a higher probability of using hospitalization services compared to non-members and pay substantially less when they need care. Given the results from this study, community financing schemes have the potential to improve the risk management capacity of rural households.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2003
Luka Juvancic, Emil Erjavec
Durban, 2003
The paper attempts to quantify determinants influencing dynamics of employment decisions on agricultural households in Slovenia and to test specific aspects of labour reallocation during transition period by application of agricultural household model. Through the use of 1991 . 2000 panel data for 22,055 farm households, quantitative analysis of intertemporal employment decisions of farm holders is carried out by the use of probit techniques. Determinants tested refer to personal characteristics of reference persons (gender, age, education level, opportunity off-farm income), household characteristics (size, structure), characteristics of the agricultural holding (economic size, labour input, labour intensity) and local labour market conditions. The model results generally confirm the existing empirical evidence on asymmetrical and irreversible participation of holders at the labour market. Despite intensive restructuring of agriculture and profound changes in non-farm labour market in the analysed period, labour supply of farm holders remains rigid. Mobility of labour supply is lower than expected, which can be attributed to the importance of structural problems constraining intersectoral mobility. A marked tendency towards upkeeping of the same employment status is more distincted in the case of holders employed on the farm. A low level of labour supply mobility worsens efficiency of labour allocation on agricultural holdings in Slovenia. Elements of this problem emerge on both, supply (e.g. low level of educational and professional attainment of reference persons) and demand side of labour market (e.g. unfavourable local labour market conditions).
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Luka Juvancic, Emil Erjavec, Morten Kvistgaard, Jens P. Olsson
The paper reports on the experiences gained from conducting the mid-term evaluation of SAPARD Program in Slovenia. The methodological approach lies in comparative analysis of two approaches: empirical approach, based on the application of Input-Output model and conventional approach based on application of evaluation techniques as proposed by the Guidelines prescribed by the European Commission. Limited scale of implementation has raised problems in economy-wide assessment of the impact and success of the Program. In some cases, quantitative relationships were also hard to assess due to the impact of external influences. Important limitations were found also in the case of conventional evaluation approach. The analysed case encountered some data-related problems (deficient monitoring data, almost exclusive dependence on primary data). There is also a more systemic problem of a limited contextual scope of this evaluation approach, which fails to provide sufficient information in the policy formation phase. Apart from comparison of alternative evaluation approaches, the paper also attempts to provide some wider implications for adoption of 'evaluation paradigm' in rural development policy in countries without a previous experience in this field.
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Odious Debt [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Michael Kremer, Seema Jayachandran
Some argue that sovereign debt incurred without the consent of the people and not for their benefit, such as that of apartheid South Africa, should be considered odious and not transferable to successor governments. We argue that an institution that truthfully announced whether regimes are odious could create an equilibrium in which successor governments suffer no reputational loss from failure to repay odious debt and hence creditors curtail odious lending. Equilibria with odious lending could be eliminated by amending creditor country laws to prevent seizure of assets for failure to repay odious debt and restricting foreign assistance to countries not repaying odious debt. Shutting down the borrowing capacity of illegitimate regimes can be viewed as a form of economic sanction and has two advantages over most sanctions: it helps rather than hurts the population, and it does not create incentives for evasion by third parties. However, an institution empowered to assess regimes might falsely term debt odious if it favored debtors, and if creditors anticipate this, they would not make loans to legitimate governments. An institution empowered only to declare future lending to a particular government odious would have greater incentives to judge truthfully. A similar approach could be used to reduce moral hazard associated with World Bank and IMF loans.

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
James Libbin, Michael Jones, Lowell Catlett
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1994, 214 с.
Это пособие по анализу финансовых потоков и бюджетированию на сельскохозяйственных предприятиях. Акцент уделяется планированию производственного процесса, планированию в маркетинге, инвестиционному планированию. Может быть использовано как учебник, а также справочник для управленцев сельскохозяйственных предприятий.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Daniela Lohlein, Johannes Jutting, Peter Wehrheim
The objective of the paper is to identify the determinants of access to health care in rural Russia. We started out with the observation that the transition process has affected the provision of social services in the Russian Federation in general, and in rural areas in particular, owing to the overlap with agricultural reforms. Based on this observation we asked how the reduced role of the state and the concomitant decentralization of policy making has affected access of the rural populace to social services. A review of the available literature on this topic resulted in the formulation of the following three hypotheses. Firstly, that income is a determinant of access to health care. Secondly, that informal payments play an important role in determining access, and thirdly that there are large differences in access to health care services between districts. The hypotheses were tested using household data from a survey conducted in two regions of Russia in 2000. The results indicate that in the study regions, contrary to expectations, neither income nor informal payments are important determinants of access. However, there are large differences in out-of-pocket expenditures between districts, indicating that access to health care varies between districts.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Karen Oppenheim Mason, An-Magritt Jensen
USA: Oxford University Press, 1995, cерия "International Studies in Demography", 344 с.
This volume focuses on the relationship between change in the family and change in the roles of women and men on contemporary industrial societies. Of central concern is whether change in gender roles has fuelled - or is merely historically coincident with - such changes in the family as rising divorce rates, increases in out-of-wedlock childbearing, declining marriage rates, and a growing disconnection between the lives of men and children. Covering more that twenty countries, including the USA, the countries of western Europe, and Japan, each essay in the volume is organized around an important theoretical or policy question; all offer new data analyses, and several offer prescriptions of how to fashion more equitable and humane family and gender systems. The second demographic transition and microeconomic theory of marital exchange are the dominant theoretical models considered; several chapters feature state-of-the-art quantitative analyses of large scale surveys.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Wayne Moyer, Timothy Josling
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1990, 256 с.
Книга об аграрной политике США и ЕС. Рассматриваются различные подходы в области поддержки сельского хозяйства и отношения между ЕС и США. В анализе процесса принятия решений по сельскому хозяйству авторами используются современные модели из теории общественного выбора. Затрагивается международный аспект либерализации торговли сельскохозяйственной продукции и противоречивость внутренних аграрных политик.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
John Pender, Ephraim Nkonya, Pamela Jagger, Dick Sserunkuuma, Henry Ssali
Durban, 2003
This paper estimates a structural econometric model of household decisions regarding income strategies, participation in programs and organizations, crop choices, land management, and labor use, and their implications for agricultural production and land degradation; based upon a survey of over 450 households and their farm plots in Uganda. The results generally support the Boserupian model of population-induced agricultural intensification, but do not support the .more people-less erosion. hypothesis, with population pressure found to contribute to erosion in the densely populated highlands. Agricultural technical assistance programs have location-specific impacts on agricultural production and land degradation, contributing to higher value of crop production in the lowlands, but to soil erosion in the highlands. By contrast, NGO programs focusing on agriculture and environment are helping to reduce erosion, but have mixed impacts on production. We find little evidence of impact of access to markets, roads and credit, land tenure or title on agricultural intensification and crop production, though road access appears to contribute to land degradation in the highlands. Education increases household incomes, but also reduces crop production in the lowlands. We do not find evidence of a poverty-land degradation trap, while poverty has mixed impacts on agricultural production: smaller farms obtain higher crop production per hectare, while households with fewer livestock have crop production. These findings suggest that development of factor markets can improve agricultural efficiency. Several other factors that contribute to increased value of crop production, without significant impacts on land degradation, include specialized crop production, livestock and nonfarm income strategies, and irrigation. In general, the results imply that the strategies to increase agricultural production and reduce land degradation must be location-specific, and that there are few .win-win. opportunities to simultaneously increase production and reduce land degradation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 18-05-2004
В книге приводится всеобъемлющий анализ финансовой деятельности предприятий, работающих в условиях рыночной экономики. Детально рассматриваются вопросы планирования капиталовложений, стратегии и тактики инвестиционной политики, управления денежными средствами и производственными запасами, освещаются проблемы дивидендной политики и эмиссии ценных бумаг; значительное место уделяется слияниям и поглощениям фирм, управлению финансовыми рисками, международным аспектам корпоративных финансов. Большое количество примеров способствует усвоению материала книги и приобретению практических навыков в области финансового управления. Книга предназначена для руководителей предприятий, менеджеров всех уровней, а также может быть использована в учебном процессе экономических ВУЗов и колледжей.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-04-2007
Nigel Slack, Stuart Chambers, Robert Johnston, Alan Betts
London: Financial Times Prentice Hall, 2006, 560 с.
Written by best-selling authors in their field, Operations and Process Management inspires a critical and applied mastery of the core principles and processes fundamental to managing business operations. Approaching the subject from a truly managerial perspective, this brand new text provides clear and concise coverage, whilst the accompanying CD provides an opportunity to practice and further explore the concepts and techniques introduced
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Sinne Smed, Jorgen Dejgaard Jensen
This paper examines the cross-impacts of food safety news concerning one product on the demand for another product, using the Danish demand for pasteurized eggs versus shell eggs as an illustrative case. The study identifies news with a temporary impact and news with a permanent impact on consumers’ food demand behavior. The techniques used to identify the permanent versus temporary news are recursive estimation and parameter stability. Whereas “permanent” news is identified to be represented by a specific individual event, “temporary” news concerning salmonella in eggs is aggregated into a news-index variable. Both temporary and permanent news concerning salmonella in shell eggs appear to have significant positive impacts on the demand for pasteurized eggs. The model is estimated as an Error Correction Model. Consumers are found to adjust quite rapidly to both temporary and permanent news. Both the composition of egg consumption accounted as mean budget shares varies across socio-demographic household groups as well as the impact of the considered permanent news.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Tugrul Temel, Willem Janssen, Fuad Karimov
Zaragoza, 2002
This paper develops a quantitative, graph-theoretic method for analysing systems of institutions. With an application to the agricultural innovation system of Azerbaijan, the method is illustrated in detail. An assessment of existing institutional linkages in the system suggests that efforts should be placed on the development of intermediary institutions to facilitate quick and effective flow of knowledge between the public and the private components of the system. Furthermore, significant accomplishments are yet to come in policy-making, research and education, and credit institutions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-06-2004
Van K. Tharp, Brian June
Москва: Альпина Паблишер, 2002
Книга, написанная признанными экспертами в области трейдинга, Ваном Тарпом и Брайаном Джуном, рассказывает обо всех аспектах внутридневного трейдинга с использованием прямого доступа к рынку. Помимо описания практических приемов внутридневного трейдинга, авторы значительное внимание уделили психологическим аспектам работы на финансовых рынках. По мнению авторов, как в долгосрочной, так и в краткосрочной торговле успех зависит от интеллектуального и психологического настроя трейдера, а также умения подходить к трейдингу как к бизнесу. Именно при практичном деловом подходе можно добиться стабильных успехов.
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