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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 144

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
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все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2004
Adam Smith
London: Methuen, 2002
Возможно, это самая известная и самая широкоцитируемая книга по экономике, которая когда-либо была издана. В этом трактате проницательный и наблюдательный экономист конца 18 в. изложил практически все экономические идеи о функционировании хозяйства, которые были накоплены к тому времени в работах общественных мыслителей и практических деятелей. Уникальная особенность этой книги заключается в творческой и логичной систематизации, которая сильно продвинула экономическую науку как самостоятельную дисциплину, а также в большом количестве наблюдений из реального хозяйства, подтверждающих и расширяющих теоретические концепции. "Богатство народов" переводилось несколько раз на русский язык, но его оригинальный текст имеет большую ценность для всех исследователей экономической науки и просто любителей хорошей литературы.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
David Grigg
USA: Routledge, 1995, 256 с.
Учебник начального уровня по географии сельского хозяйства. Рассматриваются различные факторы, повлиявшие на становление и развитие сельского хозяйства во всём мире: климатические, географические, экономические, социальные, культурные институциональные. Основные разделы книги – введение, биология сельского хозяйства, климат и сельскохозяйственные культуры, почвы и фермер, высота и сельское хозяйство, спрос на сельскохозяйственные продукты, экономическое поведение фермеров, модернизация сельского хозяйства, государство и сельское хозяйство, рынки и транспорт, сельское хозяйство и урбанизация, население-предложение труда -сельское хозяйство, размер ферм и владение землёй, инновации в сельском хозяйстве, культурный аспект в сельском хозяйстве, сельское хозяйство и окружающая среда.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
Concise, complete, nontechnicalthe ideal introduction to an increasingly important topic.
In recent years, the use of statistical methods for categorical data has increased dramatically in a variety of areas and applications. This book provides an applied introduction to the most important methods for analyzing categorical data. It summarizes methods that have long played a prominent role, such as chi-squared tests, but places special emphasis on logistic regression and loglinear modeling techniques.
Special features of the book include:
emphasis on logistic regression modeling of binary data and Poisson regression modeling of count data; a unified perspective, based on generalized linear models, that connects these methods with standard regression methods for normally-distributed data; an appendix showing the use of a new SAS procedure (GENMOD) for generalized linear modeling that can conduct nearly all methods presented in the book; an entertaining historical perspective of the development of the methods Specialized methods for ordinal data, small samples, multicategory data, and matched pairs; more than 100 examples of real data sets and more than 200 exercises Writing in an applied, nontechnical style, Alan Agresti illustrates methods using a wide variety of real data, including alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use by teenagers; AZT use and delay of AIDS; space shuttle launches and O-ring failure; passive smoking and lung cancer; and much more. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis is an invaluable tool for social, behavioral, and biomedical scientists, as well as researchers in public health, marketing, education, biological and agricultural sciences, and industrial quality control.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 03-10-2004
Don M. Chance
Fort Worth, TX: Harcount College Publishers, 2001
It has now been eleven years since the first edition of this book came out. Probably no area in finance has undergone as much change as that of derivatives and risk management. In fact, this book was once called An Introduction to Options and Futures. The previous edition was called An Introduction to Derivatives. Reflecting the continuing change in the industry, we are now calling it An Introduction to Derivatives and Risk Management. Who knows what the sixth edition will be called? (Any suggestions?) But looking on the bright side, a dynamic field makes for an exciting subject to study and one well worth exploring for its potential for career development. This book is all about the study of financial instruments called derivatives. The types of derivatives you will learn about are options, forwards, futures, swaps and a number of variations of these basic instruments. Derivatives are powerful and effective tools for altering the risk of an organization or portfolio of securities. In this book you will learn the characteristics of these instruments, how they are priced, how they are used in strategies, and how to manage the risk they create as well as how to use them to manage already-existing risk.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию) ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Maurice Buckett
Europe: Butterworth Heinemann, 1998, 338 с.
Учебник начального уровня по организации и управлению сельскохозяйственным производством.

Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Martin J. Osborne
New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, 560 с.
Game-theoretic reasoning pervades economic theory and is used widely in other social and behavioral sciences. An Introduction to Game Theory, by Martin J. Osborne, presents the main principles of game theory and shows how they can be used to understand economic, social, political, and biological phenomena. The book introduces in an accessible manner the main ideas behind the theory rather than their mathematical expression. All concepts are defined precisely, and logical reasoning is used throughout. The book requires an understanding of basic mathematics but assumes no specific knowledge of economics, political science, or other social or behavioral sciences. Coverage includes the fundamental concepts of strategic games, extensive games with perfect information, and coalitional games; the more advanced subjects of Bayesian games and extensive games with imperfect information; and the topics of repeated games, bargaining theory, evolutionary equilibrium, rationalizability, and maxminimization. The book offers a wide variety of illustrations from the social and behavioral sciences and more than 280 exercises. Each topic features examples that highlight theoretical points and illustrations that demonstrate how the theory may be used. Explaining the key concepts of game theory as simply as possible while maintaining complete precision, An Introduction to Game Theory is ideal for undergraduate and introductory graduate courses in game theory.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003
Ines MacHo-Stadler, David Perez-Castrillo
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001
A textbook on optimal contract theory, An Introduction to the Economics of Information covers the consequences for the character and efficiency of the interaction between individuals or organizations when one party has more or better information on some aspect of the relationship.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2007
A. Craig MacKinlay, Andrew W. Lo
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999, 448 с.
For over half a century, financial experts have regarded the movements of markets as a random walk--unpredictable meanderings akin to a drunkard's unsteady gait--and this hypothesis has become a cornerstone of modern financial economics and many investment strategies. Here Andrew W. Lo and A. Craig MacKinlay put the Random Walk Hypothesis to the test. In this volume, which elegantly integrates their most important articles, Lo and MacKinlay find that markets are not completely random after all, and that predictable components do exist in recent stock and bond returns. Their book provides a state-of-the-art account of the techniques for detecting predictabilities and evaluating their statistical and economic significance, and offers a tantalizing glimpse into the financial technologies of the future.

The articles track the exciting course of Lo and MacKinlay's research on the predictability of stock prices from their early work on rejecting random walks in short-horizon returns to their analysis of long-term memory in stock market prices. A particular highlight is their now-famous inquiry into the pitfalls of "data-snooping biases" that have arisen from the widespread use of the same historical databases for discovering anomalies and developing seemingly profitable investment strategies. This book invites scholars to reconsider the Random Walk Hypothesis, and, by carefully documenting the presence of predictable components in the stock market, also directs investment professionals toward superior long-term investment returns through disciplined active investment management.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2003
This book draws together seminal contributions on the nature of macroeconomics in open economies and illuminates the material by using: explanatory introductions to each piece discussion questions suggestions for further reading reference to the key journal articles boxed key terms. This is an essential guide to the subject for students, as commented upon by the most influential commentators.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Manfred Zeller, Manohar Sharma, Carla Henry, Cecile Lapenu
Zaragoza, 2003
Many development projects seek to reach the poorest in the provision of agricultural inputs, extension, credit, education, and many other services. However, low-cost and reliable methods for assessing whether a project reaches the poor are lacking at present.

In this paper, we present an operational method that was designed during a two-year research project from 1999-2001 with the support of an international donor- coordination office. The objective of the research was to develop and test a new method that could be later used by development practitioners to assess the poverty level of beneficiaries of development projects that target the poor in relation to the general population in the intervention area. The method constructs a poverty index using principle component analysis, and is based on a range of indicators that describes different dimensions of poverty and for which credible information can be quickly and inexpensively obtained. To ensure the method’s usefulness to a wide number of countries and projects, the method was tested in collaboration in rural and urban areas in four countries: Nicaragua (urban and rural), Kenya (urban and rural), Madagascar (rural), and India (rural). We present results from these studies. We conclude that the method has a promising potential for monitoring and evaluation purposes of development organizations. Since 2001, the method has been used in over 20 project assessments.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 05-11-2008
Andrei Shleifer
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005, 218 с.
Russia's historic transition from communism in the 1990s sparked intense, often ideological debates. This book offers a firsthand glimpse into the intellectual challenges that Russia's turbulent transition generated. It deals with many of the most important reforms, from Gorbachev's half-hearted "perestroika," to the mass privatization program, to the efforts to build legal and regulatory institutions of a market economy. The essays in this book attempt to identify the driving forces of Russia's rapidly changing economic and social reality. To understand Yeltsin's reforms, the book argues, it is essential to grasp their twin goals of destroying the remnants of the communist order and building the institutions of a market economy. Time after time, reforms were shaped to assure that communism, with its overwhelming control of the economy and society, the planning ministries, and pervasive centralization, cannot come back to Russia. Many of the successes, as well as the pathologies, of the Russian economy during the 1990s must be understood from this perspective. Despite many setbacks, Yeltsin succeeded in his life's mission. By the end of the twentieth century, both a market economy and a democracy were developed in Russia. Each was both vulnerable and flawed, but the escape from communism was certain. A decade after communism, Russia became a normal country.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
This book shows that, in calling economics the `dismal science', Thomas Carlyle was profoundly wrong. Economic ideas have illuminated behaviour in all of the social sciences in addition to the economists' traditional domain. The broadening of economics and the use of economists' methods by social scientists in other fields is leading to a unified and positive view of economies and societies.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
В 1988 году французский экономист Моррис Алле получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за продвижение теории рынков и эффективного использования ресурсов. Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию. В ней автор показал свой вклад в различные разделы экономической науки. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Karin Reiter, Wolfgang Roggendorf
2004
The regulation for the promotion of rural areas (Reg. (EC) No 1257/1999) and its subsequent regulation (Reg. (EC) No 1853/2003) serve as the basis for EU agricultural structural policy for the promotional period 2000 to 2006. Promotional areas established through the individual regulations such as agricultural development measures, measures to improve competitiveness and the previously accompanying measures of the agricultural reform in 1992, as well as compensatory allowences for disadvantaged areas, are initially consolidated in these two regulations. The Commission’s overall intention is to adjust the promotional areas in terms of time and content and thus to target promotional synergy. A further change in the promotional approach is that the nine promotional areas of the regulation are to be evaluated by independent evaluators according to a Commission designed European-wide evaluation grid (European Commission, 2000). The processing of the common evaluation questions is obligatory, should a question or part of the questionnaire not be answered, an explanation must be included (ibid., P. A-3). The Commission reserves the right to stop EU co-financing should the evaluation not meet its criteria. This paper places a focus on critical reflection about the evaluation grid required by the Commission with regard to its use in the evaluation process using the example of agri-environmental measures.
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Опубликовано на портале: 09-12-2003
Richard A. Posner
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, 304 с.
When it was first published a quarter of a century ago, Richard Posner's exposition and defense of an economic approach to antitrust law was a jeremiad against the intellectual disarray that then characterized the field. As other perspectives on antitrust law have fallen away, Posner's book has played a major role in transforming the field of antitrust law into a body of economically rational principles largely in accord with the ideas set forth in the first edition. Today's antitrust professionals may disagree on specific practices and rules, but most litigators, prosecutors, judges, and scholars agree that the primary goal of antitrust laws should be to promote economic welfare, and that economic theory should be used to determine how well business practices conform to that goal.

In this thoroughly revised edition, Posner explains the economic approach to new generations of lawyers and students. He updates and amplifies his approach as it applies to the developments, both legal and economic, in the antitrust field since 1976. The "new economy," for example, has presented a host of difficult antitrust questions, and in an entirely new chapter, Posner explains how the economic approach can be applied to new industries such as software manufacturers, Internet service providers, and those that provide communications equipment and services.

"The antitrust laws are here to stay," Posner writes, "and the practical question is how to administer them better-more rationally, more accurately, more expeditiously, more efficiently." This fully revised classic will continue to be the standard work in the field.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)