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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 205

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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Cynthia Donovan, Linda Bailey, Edson Mpyisi, Michael Weber
Durban, 2003
In Rwanda for the past decade, rural households have lived with civil unrest and genocide, changing land laws, large population flows both into and out of the country, and climatic threats with droughts and floods. The illness and untimely death of prime age adults from a number of health problems (increasingly HIV/AIDS) adds to the stress of these households and has lasting effects on the ability of households to survive. In this research, the authors use household and member level survey data to increase understanding about what is happening in households with such shocks and how they may be different from other Rwandan rural households.

This research finds that households affected by adult illness and death strive to maintain their agricultural production, and work to avoid selling assets, yet some households appear to be in a downward spiral, losing assets and income earning potential. They rely heavily on social networks for labor and skills, but clearly these networks will be stretched beyond their means in any continuing epidemics. Female-headed households in particular struggle to find labor with neighbors or work more themselves. If special programs are developed for the affected families, focusing on increasing land and labor productivity fits into their own strategies. Since households with prime age death and disease appear to be similar to other Rwandan households in the poorest two quintiles, such programs would be beneficial to rural households in general, and possibly strengthen social networks through generalized agricultural and income growth.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-10-2003
Isobel Doole, Robin Lowe
USA: Thomson Learning, 2001
The successful formula of simplifying a complex subject through a user-friendly style, a good balance of theory and implementation and the clear presentation of context, techniques and strategies, makes International Marketing Strategy the book of choice for undergraduate, postgraduate and MBA students and those taking the Chartered Institute of Marketing Diploma.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-11-2007
Ronald Philip Dore
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990, 467 с.
Second edition with a new afterword (First published in 1973).
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2007
Ronald Philip Dore
Изд-во: Routledge, 2002, cерия "Collected Writings of Modern Western Scholars on Japan", 304 с.
This volume of the Collected Writings of Modern Western Scholars on Japan, published under the Japan Library imprint, brings together landmark writings by R.P. Dore, on Japanese society, politics and economics. This series of major works from the Japan Library features the collected writings of many of the most outstanding Western scholars who have been actively writing about Japan and connected subjects over the last half century. Developed in close collaboration with the participating scholars, each volume contains a wide and substantial cross-section of their writings, thematically structured around essays, including published and unpublished conference and symposium papers, contributions to refereed journals, chapters from multi-author volumes, translations and book reviews, as well as newspaper and more broadly based general-interest articles and commentaries as available. A full introductory section, written by the author, reviewing his/her association and historical ties with Japan as well as specialist interests, prefaces each volume. Thus, for the first time in scholarly publishing, this series makes available a comprehensive collection of the author's lifetime output (other than single-author volumes) that might otherwise be lost or dispersed. Over twenty volumes are anticipated.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-03-2008
Ronald Philip Dore
Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1986, 278 с.

Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2007
Ronald Philip Dore
Geneva: International Labor Organization, 2004, 85 с.
The Sixth Nobel Peace Prize Social Policy Lectures were given in Tokyo from 1 to 3 December 2003. Professor Ronald Dore, Associate Researcher at the London School of Economics delivered the series, which was organized in collaboration with Tokyo University and the ILO Office in Japan. The theme of the lectures was "New Forms and Meanings of Work in an Increasingly Globalized World". Ronald Dore, a Fellow of the British Academy and an Honorary Foreign Fellow of both the Japanese Academy and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, is renowned for his pioneering work, analysing the transformation of labour markets in Japan and other industrial societies. The lectures focused on the evolution of work and relations at work with special reference to industrial societies. They were delivered in four separate sessions, and dealt with the following themes: (i) The pains and rewards of work in the twenty-first century; (ii) The concrete meanings of labour flexibility; (iii) The direction of social change and (iv) Global markets and national employment systems. Drawing on his academic contributions, spread over several decades, Dore discussed a range of analytically important issues concerning the course and the consequences of globalization within and across countries of the world. These issues included productivity growth, changes in working time, the transformation of workers’ interests into rights, the rise of individualism and metamorphosis of the bread-winner model, the division and fragmentation of the job-for-life model, the rising capital content of labour, flexibility as a tool for improving labour efficiency, the polarization of the workforce and the rise of income inequalities, the changing fortunes of the managerial class, the dilemma of reconciling social justice with meritocracy, competing models of capitalism, and the prospects for securing social justice in the face of rising inequalities. The lectures drew attention to a perceived trend in industrial societies towards a rising tolerance of inequalities. Globalization has always been associated with the rise of “market individualism” and a polarization of the workforce. As the pace of globalization has accelerated in recent years, the outcome has been rising inequality within labour markets. Quite significantly, this is accompanied by a rising tolerance of inequality, notably among the industrialized economies. The lecturer discussed whether this trend could be reversed through national economic and social policies. Even in an era of globalized markets, each country can still initiate a range of independent policy choices; the reach and effectiveness of these choices, however, tend to be circumscribed by the economic and cultural hegemony of industrially advanced economies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-11-2007
Ronald Philip Dore
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2001, 328 с.
Ronald Dore’s enquiring mind, rigorous reasoning and comparative methodology have greatly enhanced our understanding of Japan. His insights from Japan have been deployed to generate fresh perspectives on Britain and other industrialized and developing countries. This careful selection of writings reflects his underlying concern with what light the study of Japan sheds on theoretical generalizations about how societies evolve and how economies work. Social Evolution, Economic Development and Culture brings together Ronald Dore’s key writings for the first time, making his work accessible across a wide range of social science disciplines. It produces a distinctive perspective with four interlinking themes – technology-driven social evolution, late development, culture and polemics. These are highly topical in the current context of rapid technological innovation and socio-economic change, globalization and accompanying policy choices. The book provides a rich empirical and conceptual source for those interested in technology, socio-economic evolution and culture, and the ways in which they interact. Researchers, teachers and students in the fields of evolutionary economics, economic development, comparative education, institutional economics, political economy and economic and classical sociology (as well as Japanese studies) will find this volume invaluable reading.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-11-2007
Ronald Philip Dore
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, 240 с.
This is a book about Washington Consensus capitalism and the controversies its encroachment causes in Japan and Germany. Many people in both those countries share the assumptions dominant today in Britain and America-that managers should be intent solely on creating shareholder value and that shareholders' financial logic alone should determine who buys what company on the stock exchange. That way efficiency (and hence global welfare) will be maximized. The Japanese and German advocates of full-bloodied market capitalism are not having it all their own way, however. In both countries there are articulate defenders of what they consider to be a better way of life, informed by a more human, more social-solidary, set of values. Dore traces the fascinating debates which ensue on corporate governance, on worker rights, on supplier relations, on cartels and anti-trust, on pensions and welfare. He also analyses actual changes in economic behaviour-an essential means of sorting out a lot of the muddle and double-talk not just in the internal debates themselves, but even more in the foreign reporting of them. These accounts of the battle for the national soul in Japan and Germany constitute one of the finest contributions to the 'diversity of capitalism' debate. Dore's account should be read by anyone who is interested to know whether, for all the talk of globalization, that diversity is going to survive.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-03-2008
Ronald Philip Dore
Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987, 264 с.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2007
Ronald Philip Dore
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996, 424 с.
Masahiko Aoki and Ronald Dore have edited an authoritative account of the Japanese firm and the sources of its success, including contributions from some of the best, and best known, scholars in the field. The book represents an attempt to explain and understand aspects of the firm in the Japanese economic system, and to explain the corporate success of Japan. It is interdisciplinary in approach, containing both theoretical and empirical work, and has contributions from the fields of labour economics, comparative institutional analysis, information economics, finance, organizational theory, economic history, political science, and sociology. Chapters range from contemporary descriptions--of training (in overseas subsidiaries as well as Japan), of RandD structures, of product development practices, of finance and corporate governance, of trading relations, especially between small and large firms--to an historical overview of the evolution of Japanese management in the wartime planned economy. The book also situates Japan in the literature of economic analysis and in the on-going debate about trade-offs between equality and efficiency. The contemporary media would have us believe that the Japanese system of management--characterized by lifetime employment, emphasis on long-term, slow consensual decision-making, heavy investments in training, RandD, and quality, close inter-enterprise ties, and short rations for shareholders--is in crisis and about to change fundamentally. This book will enable the reader to decide just how solid the foundations of the Japanese enterprise system are, and to identify the rationale that lies behind it.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2007
Ronald Philip Dore, Mari Sako
Изд-во: Routledge, 1998, cерия "Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies", 224 с.
Japan is regarded as a world leader in the field of education and training for improved economic performance. Yet success in Japan is often achieved by going against what is regarded as ideal practice elsewhere. This book offers the most comprehensive review available in English, fully updated from the first edition, of the many facets of Japanese vocational education and training. It covers the system from primary education through to in-job training offered by companies and provides a detailed study of current practice. This gives equal emphasis to formal training in explicitly vocational courses and informal training in factories, shops and offices. The authors are also concerned to analyse the difference between substantive 'person-changing' training and mere 'ability-labelling'. They raise important issues such as: to what extent does the need to package skills to provide convenient qualifications distort the actual training given? How efficient is it to rely on professional trainers to certify the acquisition of skills, rather than run separate testing systems? In Japanese companies the authors have discovered that pride in doing the job well is often the strongest motivation, and that much company training is carried out by colleagues.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-10-2003
Статья Р. Дорфмана является прекрасным примером изложения сложных математических концепций в области оптимизации производственных процессов "нематематическим" путем - с помощью элементарных графиков и простых числовых примеров. Эта статья будет очень полезна для тех, кто не совсем хорошо знаком с математикой или для неэкономистов (социологов, менеджеров), которые хотят составить представление о линейном программировании и его роли в экономической теории.
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Macroeconomics [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2005
Rudiger Dornbusch, Stanley Fisher, Richard Startz
Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001
Dornbusch, Fischer, and Startz Macroeconomics has been a leading intermediate macroeconomic theory text since its introduction in 1978. This revision retains most of the texts traditional features, including a middle-of-the-road approach and very current research, while updating and simplifying the exposition. The text is now even easier to teach from. The only prerequisite continues to be principles of economics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Paul Dorosh, Moataz El-Said, Hans Lofgren
2003
In Uganda, as in much of sub-Saharan Africa, poverty is concentrated in rural areas. Because agriculture accounts for a large share of incomes for these households, policies and external shocks that affect agriculture, including shifts in world prices, changes in agricultural productivity, and reductions in marketing costs, may have significant effects on rural poverty. In this paper, we use a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model of the Ugandan economy, explicitly designed to capture regional variations in agricultural production and household incomes, to examine the implications of these policy changes and shocks.

Simulation results suggest that a doubling of area planted to coffee (the government.s target) would increase rural consumption by less than 2.0 percent, because of an estimated 10 percent decline in the world price of robusta coffee and an 11.3 percent real exchange rate appreciation of the Ugandan shilling. Smaller productivity increases in food crops may have greater potential to raise rural incomes, provided that markets perform well and producer incentives are maintained. A five percent increase in agricultural productivity raises consumption by 1.3 to 2.1 percent among rural households and lowers food prices by 3.4 to 3.8 percent relative to the CPI, thus benefiting households with high food consumption shares. Reducing agricultural marketing margins by 30 percent leads to increases of 2.3 to 4.1 percent in consumption of farm households, with the largest gains in regions where consumption out of own production is lower.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
Introduction to Econometrics provides a step by step introductory guide to the core areas of this subject.This new edition of Dougherty's highly successful textbook has been substantially updated and revised with the inclusion of new material on specification tests, binary choice models, tobit analysis, sample selection bias, nonstationary time series, and unit root tests and cointegration. In addition, the book will be acompanied by a website containing graphical treatment of all the topics covered in the text.
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