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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 132

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Опубликовано на портале: 26-02-2004
Ред.: M. Lambkin, Gordon R. Foxall, Fred Van Raaij, Benoit Heilbrunn
New York: Prentice-Hall, 1997, 352 с.
Presents a selection of contributions on the subject of consumer behaviour and reflects the variety of consumer research currently going on in Europe. The text covers emerging perspectives such as addictive consumption, environmental concerns and tactile communication.

With titles such as, "The Changing Consumer in the European Union," "How Consumers Trade Off Behavioral Costs and Benefits," and "Marketing Universals: Consumers' Use of Brand Name, Price, Physical Appearance, and Retailer Reputations as Signals of Product Quality," this book offers a unique collection of forty of the most well-known and influential European consumer behavior papers from the last twenty years. Covers the four key areas of the foundations of consu mer behavior, individual processes, social influences, and alternative approaches. For professionals in the fields of marketing, sales, and market research.

Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Danielle Devogelaer
This paper examines the refocusing activity of multi-business firms in the European Union. Theory and empirical data are offered to argue that diversification has diminished during the 90s, although not as vastly and widespread as we expected. In this paper, you may seek an explanation for the observation that most of the firms the researches study remain remarkably diversified. Therefore, the author investigate the extent and determinants of diversification and refocusing across a sample of 277 leading European manufacturing firms. The results confirm that refocusing happens mainly at firm level. Above that, the author refine the general refocusing belief in distinguishing between conglomerate diversification and technology and market concentric diversification. You may also see that conglomerate diversification decreases throughout the 90s, but that the resource based technology and market concentric diversification are gaining momentum.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Jason Hartell, Maureen Kilkenny, Johan Swinnen
In this paper, we attempt to shed some light on the state of current thinking in Europe about rural development and policy. To do so, the priorities and preferences of European agricultural economists who work in the area of rural development policy were identified using a survey that asked the following questions: who do we believe needs help, what are the problems and objectives, which policies are likely to be effective, who is able to deliver, and where do we get these ideas? The paper documents the diversity in rural development problems and favored tactics across Europe.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Ailish Johnson
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, cерия "St Antony's Series", 288 с.
Ailish Johnson examines national welfare state regimes of EU Member States and the features of the European Union and the International Labour Organization that encourage cooperation and assure outcomes of supranational cooperation higher than theories of inter-state bargaining or social dumping would predict. By tracing the development of EU and global social policy from the 1950s to today, she identifies policy leaders, resisters and passive states. She concludes with an analysis of the forms and outputs of supranational social policy and suggests limits of social policy in an enlarged European Union.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Jim Stout, Susan Leetmaa, Anne Normile
This paper provides an overview of the European Union component of the recently developed ERS/Penn State WTO Model. The model is a multi-region, multi-commodity partial equilibrium trade model which allows the user to simulate the effects of reducing or eliminating tariffs and TRQs, export subsidies, and domestic support policies. The paper describes how the model captures the important agricultural policies of the EU, and presents results from model simulations of domestic support liberalization, export subsidy elimination, and tariff removal.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Rickie Moore, E.M. Lyon
This paper argues that executives and managers need to reevaluate and to reengineer their performance measurement system to make it more pertinent so that it would serve as an effective trigger as well as a critical piloting and control mechanism for effecting strategic management intervention.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Yasuo Ohe
Understanding the demand profile of rural tourism is a necessary condition for the successful diversification of any rural economy. Although descriptive analyses have been conducted on this issue, a more generalized framework is required that allows us to explore economic analyses. This paper evaluates the leisure behavior of households that have a preference for rural tourism in Japan. First, we give conceptual consideration to the notion that leisure behavior should be regarded as a form of a home production and explain that households that undertake rural tourism have undergone an upward shift in the home production function to realize a higher utility level. We propose that a preference for rural recreation causes this shift by improving the efficiency of the home production of leisure. Second, as an actual behavior of rural tourism, the characteristics of visitors to pick-your-own farms were statistically tested using data from a nation-wide survey on tourism. Finally, the rural preference function was estimated. The results revealed that the profile of households showing a preference for rural tourism demonstrated both up-market and niche market characteristics, which mirrored findings in European countries emphasizing the importance of a higher academic background, stronger orientation towards outdoor recreation, and greater discrimination with respect to the quality of services and goods received. Preference for rural recreation can be enhanced through the provision of authentic, high quality service and goods and the preservation of the rural environment. Therefore, there will be an increased demand for a farm policy that integrates both agricultural and rural measures.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Ред.: Thyrele Robertson, Burton C. English, Robert Alexander
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1998, 420 с.
Книга является сборником исследовательских работ, представленных на 30й международной конференции атлантического экономического общества. Акцент уделяется проблематике эффективного использования природных ресурсов в сельском хозяйстве, моделированию влияния различных программ и политики на состояние природных ресурсов и на поведение экономических агентов на различных уровнях : фирмы, местном, региональном, национальном.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-02-2003
Richard Blundell, Dias Monica Costa, Costas Meghir, John Van Reenen
Cтатья посвящена оценке государственной программы "Новое предложение для безработной молодежи"по содействию занятости в Англии на основе данных панельного исследования 1982 - 1999 гг.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Gerhard Hovorka
The landscape in Austria is characterised by the high proportion of less-favoured areas (LFA). These cover 81 % of the total Austrian land area. Most is classified as mountain area (70%) with a small part classified as other types of less-favoured area. Mountain farming has the key role in safeguarding the sensitive eco-system and thereby the multifunctional landscape and the general living and working space. The mountain area still possess a high environmental quality and environmentally friendly agriculture and forestry extends over most of the mountain area. This is also important for tourism, which plays a major role in the Austrian economy. Austria has gained considerable experience with mountain farming subsidies and regional programmes specific to the mountain area over recent decades. Since the early 1970s a differentiated classification system has been the basis for defining support levels for mountain farmers. A revised classification system has been applied since 2001. The dominant objective for mountain farming policy is to maintain an agricultural and forestry sector based on environmental principles and small family farms. Under the 2000 – 2006 Rural Development Programme major alterations to the support scheme have been undertaken and support levels have been improved considerably for LFA farmers, and particularly for mountain farmers. The ex-ante evaluation and the mid-term evaluation were undertaken by the Federal Institute for Less-Favoured and Mountainous Areas in Vienna. This paper addresses key questions regarding the evaluation and the achievements of the new compensatory allowances schemes in Austria and will focus on the extent to which it meets the main objectives for mountain areas and other less favoured areas. The complementary contributions of other RDP measures, such as the agri-environmental programme to fulfil the main objectives, will also be discussed. In addition, a review of less–favoured-area payments of some other EU member states will be presented.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Klaus Wagner
The evaluation of the effects of different measures of the Austrian Agri-Environmental Programme (ÖPUL) on groundwater has to take into consideration various different dimensions of the analysis process. To begin with, there are EU guidelines for the evaluation that lay down questions, criteria and indicators that have to be answered. A second dimension of the evaluation process refers to the level of the different measures. Here we are dealing with single measures, bundles of measures for a specific objective and voluntary or obligatory combinations of measures. In addition, we have to consider that the measures concerning groundwater protection can have effects in a strong or weak, direct or indirect manner, in a selective or more extensive way. The time-related aspect of the effects is of enormous importance, not only in connection with the different programme variants (ÖPUL 95, ÖPUL 98 and ÖPUL 2000) but also in connection with the short-term or long-term effects of measures, depending also on local and regional characteristics. Of great importance is the spatial component in the analyses. In Austria, we have pore-groundwater regions where programmes for measuring the groundwater quality have been installed for many years. Of equal interest is the development of the groundwater quality in ÖPUL testing areas because there is detailed information available about the agricultural structures and the acceptance of ÖPUL measures. Finally, we have to observe the particular groundwater measure project regions, where a variety of special groundwater measures is available to farmers. These different types of regions frequently overlap each other but not always. Accordingly, the evaluation process is a multidimensional task that has to describe the relevance and the acceptance of the measures along with their potential and actual effects.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-07-2004
Kathleen Hall Jamieson
New York: Basic Books, 2000
Книга « Вы считаете, что знаете всё о политике … и почему вы не правы » представляет собой сборник статей (свыше двадцати), в которых рассматривается узкий круг вопросов: является ли информация о кандидатах на местном уровне лучше и полнее, чем на федеральном; какова ценность дебатов между кандидатами; в чем проявляются склонности и ангажированность прессы?
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-08-2003
Geoffrey M. Hodgson
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2000
Geoff Hodgsons innovative and important new book is about the future of economics as a viable discipline. It examines not only evolutionary economics but the development of economic theory during the twentieth century. The book reflects on the origins and consequences of the narrowing and increasing irrelevance of mainstream economics, suggesting that it will be inadequate to cope with the complex ideas of the new millennium.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Jorgen W. Weibull
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1995, 287 с.
This text introduces current evolutionary game theory - where ideas from evolutionary biology and rationalistic economics meet - emphasizing the links between static and dynamic approaches and noncooperative game theory. Much of the text is devoted to the key concepts of evolutionary stability and replicator dynamics. The former highlights the role of mutations and the latter the mechanisms of selection. Moreover, set-valued static and dynamic stability concepts, as well as processes of social evolution, are discussed. Separate background chapters are devoted to noncooperative game theory and the theory of ordinary differential equations. There are examples throughout as well as individual chapter summaries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Fernando Vega-Redondo
New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, 209 с.
The book covers the modern developments in Evolutionary Game Theory, with an emphasis on economic contexts and applications. It begins with the basic ideas as they originated within the field of theoretical biology, focusing on the core notions of Evolutionarily Stable Strategy and Replicator Dynamics. Both the static and dynamic approaches of this biological literature are presented in detail, and the general analysis illustrated with numerous examples. It then proceeds to the formulation of a theoretical framework that is suitable for the study of social and economic phenomena from an evolutionary perspective. After a discussion of strictly deterministic dynamic models, stochastic perturbations are introduced in order to account for the social- and individual-based sources of ‘noise’ (including aggregate shocks, agents’ experimentation, and population renewal), which play an important role in evolutionary processes.Evolutionary Theory has become one of the leading approaches to understanding bounded rationality, learning, and change in complex social environments. The recent boom experienced by this discipline makes this book's systematic presentation of its fundamental contributions essential reading for any newcomer to the field. In addition, new avenues of research are suggested, and plentiful examples illustrate the theory's potential applications.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)