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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 161

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А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
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все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007
Gerald L. Gordon
Washington: International City/County Management Associat, 2005, 128 с.
Strategic Planning for Local Government, second edition, outlines the strategic planning process in local government and helps local government leaders anticipate and shape the future of their communities. It covers practical ways of obtaining information, analyzing that information, and developing a vision for the community that can be translated into programs and line items in a budget.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Paula Jarzabkowski
2002
This paper draws upon activity theory to analyse an empirical investigation of micro strategy, identified here as strategy as practice, in three UK universities. Activity theory provides a framework of four interactive components from which strategy emerges; the collective structures of the organisation, the primary actors, in this research conceptualised as the top management team (TMT), the practical activities in which they interact and the strategic practices through which interaction is conducted. Using this framework, the paper focuses specifically on the formal practices involved in direction setting, resource allocation, and monitoring and control. Strategic practices are found to be idiosyncratic to the interpretative context in which they are used and this is associated with different patterns of strategy as practice in each institution. Strategic practices are also associated with a tendency towards stability in one case study but are evolving and being reinterpreted in the other two cases. Drawing upon the activity theory framework, this finding is used to model the tendencies for continuity or change in the three case studies, depending upon the way that practices either distribute shared interpretations or mediate between contested interpretations of strategy within the activity system. This modelling is used to examine the relationships between strategic practices and strategy as practice in organisational continuity and change.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-04-2007
Michael Armstrong, Duncan Brown
Изд-во: Kogan Page, 2006, 272 с.
Armstrong and Brown hold great faith in strategic reward and present here their ‘new realism’ philosophy on the subject. They base this new work on their twenty years’ experience of advising on reward strategies. It examines the essence and context of strategic reward and considers the processes involved in developing and implementing reward strategies. It includes an overview of the risks and the opportunities in pursuing a reward strategy and demonstrates how critical it is to the dual agenda of successful organizational performance and the motivation and engagement of staff
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Prajit K. Dutta
Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1999, 476 с.
Game theory has become increasingly popular among undergraduate as well as business school students. This text is the first to provide both a complete theoretical treatment of the subject and a variety of real-world applications, primarily in economics, but also in business, political science, and the law. Strategies and Games grew out of Prajit Dutta's experience teaching a course in game theory over the last six years at Columbia University.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
John Pender, Ephraim Nkonya, Pamela Jagger, Dick Sserunkuuma, Henry Ssali
Durban, 2003
This paper estimates a structural econometric model of household decisions regarding income strategies, participation in programs and organizations, crop choices, land management, and labor use, and their implications for agricultural production and land degradation; based upon a survey of over 450 households and their farm plots in Uganda. The results generally support the Boserupian model of population-induced agricultural intensification, but do not support the .more people-less erosion. hypothesis, with population pressure found to contribute to erosion in the densely populated highlands. Agricultural technical assistance programs have location-specific impacts on agricultural production and land degradation, contributing to higher value of crop production in the lowlands, but to soil erosion in the highlands. By contrast, NGO programs focusing on agriculture and environment are helping to reduce erosion, but have mixed impacts on production. We find little evidence of impact of access to markets, roads and credit, land tenure or title on agricultural intensification and crop production, though road access appears to contribute to land degradation in the highlands. Education increases household incomes, but also reduces crop production in the lowlands. We do not find evidence of a poverty-land degradation trap, while poverty has mixed impacts on agricultural production: smaller farms obtain higher crop production per hectare, while households with fewer livestock have crop production. These findings suggest that development of factor markets can improve agricultural efficiency. Several other factors that contribute to increased value of crop production, without significant impacts on land degradation, include specialized crop production, livestock and nonfarm income strategies, and irrigation. In general, the results imply that the strategies to increase agricultural production and reduce land degradation must be location-specific, and that there are few .win-win. opportunities to simultaneously increase production and reduce land degradation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Linda Rouleau
2002
The structurationist perspective offers a pertinent avenue of reflection for renewing knowledge in strategy. By considering strategy as a structure of social activity, the structurationist perspective provides an understanding of how strategy, through the use of rules and resources, is produced and reproduced in the interactions of knowledgeable and reflexive agents. To illustrate this point of view, the author present two episodes that demonstrate how ties with clientele are transformed in daily life in a top-of-the-line clothing company undergoing reorganisation. Analysis of these episodes highlights three micro-practices of structuration of strategy: translating the orientation, disciplining the client, and justifying the change. The analysis also demonstrates that strategic activity is, by overcoding, embedded in contexts such as industry and society. The paper ends by outlining the elements of a structurationist perspective of strategising.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Angelique Toit
2002
This paper aims to bridge the pluralism which exists in strategy formulation by approaching the subject from the unrelated discipline of postmodernism. At the very heart of the pluralism which has divided both the theoretical and practical approach to strategy is an either/or mentality. What is proposed with the arguments discussed in this research is an and approach to understanding strategy. As will be discussed, this approach does not prescribe or discredit what has gone before, nor is it a restriction of the diversity advocated. On the contrary, it recognises current and previous theories and applications to strategy forming the necessary parts of what collectively depicts the pastiche nature of strategy formulation. Every one of the different approaches to strategy has or had a role to play in the creation of the field of strategy. But this paper demonstrate the dominance of the functionalist approach to strategic formulation. Such a belief is underpinne by assumptions based on an objective reality which exists external to the organisation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-10-2003
Thomas T. Nagle, Holden Reed
USA: Prentice-Hall, 2002
For MBA or advanced undergraduate courses in Pricing Strategy or Pricing and Product Policy. Practical in focus and lively in style, this text provides a comprehensive, managerially-focused, integrated, step-by-step guide to pricing analysis and strategy development

Представленная книга – это менеджериальное, интегрированное, пошаговое руководство по осуществлению анализа ценовых решений и разработке ценовых стратегий. Рекомендуется для использования в продвинутых курсах «Ценообразование», «Ценовые стратегии».
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-04-2007
Cornelis A. De Kluyver, John A. Pearce
Upper Saddler River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2006, 176 с.
A short, up-to-date, practical and readable guide to strategy formulation, this book is designed for practicing executives who are getting ready to assume broader responsibilities. By focusing on strategic thinking and using real-life examples and historical references, this book is a must-read for the serious executive strategist. The first chapter defines strategy and its effect on a corporation's effectiveness; and then in subsequent chapters covers the external strategic environment, the analysis of a firm's physical assets, the development of a competitive strategy, different industry environments, corporate strategy and competition, different strategy choices, global strategy, and implementing and controlling a chosen strategic direction. For CEOs, senior executives, general managers, vice-presidents, divisional managers, and consultants
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Fredrik Tell
2002
This paper explores the notion of corporate coherence by relating it to models of experiential learning. It is suggested that corporate coherence is a determinant of strategic direction and competitive advantages of firms. Moreover, the composition of learning activities implies the range and extent of corporate coherence, due to various problems associated with myopia of learning (Levinthal and March 1993). The paper specifies a model for analyzing corporate coherence in a learning framework. The paper suggests that corporate coherence, while being a necessary component in understanding strategic management, is a multi-faceted concept. It implies multi-level learning, where learning substitution (due to simplification and specialization) takes place both within each learning activity, as well as between activities.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Patrick Regner
2002
This paper examines how managers create and develop strategy in practice. It reports findings of an in-depth investigation of managerial activities and associated learning dynamics in strategy creation, the generation and development of radically new strategies. Managerial and learning activities on different organizational levels, their influence on strategy development, and relationship to strategic change are examined. A dual longitudinal case methodology, including a single in-depth case study combined with a multiple retrospective case study is used, involving four multinational companies. The findings show a twofold character of strategy creation including an adaptive and a creative strategy motor of strategic change involving fundamentally different learning dynamics, reflecting their diverse location and social embeddedness. Adaptive learning dynamics were based on exploitation and refinement of prevailing industry and resource structures and involved a deductive reasoning or sensemaking as regards strategy, including knowledge assimilation activities such as formal intelligence and routine experiences. Creative learning dynamics evolved in the periphery of the organizations and were more remote from existing values and beliefs. They predominantly involved exploration and inductive sensemaking, including activities like informal noticing and creative experiments. The exploration/exploitation trade off interaction between the two strategy motors resulted in tension, which finally triggered strategic change.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2002
Tony Bovaird
2002
This paper looks at ways in which a framework for strategy evaluation can be constructed which is consistent with the adaptive and interpretive schools of strategic management. It suggests that some of the key instruments in the rational planning toolkit can be reinterpreted as methods for managing power and uncertainty in a multi-stakeholder environment.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2002
Nicolai J. Foss, Volker Mahnke
1998
We argue that strategizing fundamentally concerns disequilibrium phenomena, such as discovery, innovation, resource-combination, imagination - in short, entrepreneurship. Therefore, the understanding of strategizing is likely to be led astray by drawing too heavily on equilibrium theories. Arguably, the three dominant economic approaches to strategy - the Porter industry analysis approach, the new industrial organization, and the ressourcebased approach - are characterized precisely by their strong reliance on equilibrium methodology. We argue that the market process approach in its Austrian version offers much inspiration for bringing process issues to bear on strategy issues.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-11-2007
Daniel L. McFadden, Charles F. Manski
Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1981
This volume deals with parametric statistical inference on structural conditional probability models in which some or all of the endogenous variables are discrete valued. Within this broad theme the models posed and inferential questions addressed arise out of each author's work in econometric analysis. Taken together, these chapters provide a methodological foundation for the analysis of economic problems involving discrete data and chart the current frontiers of this subject. Some chapters are also relevant to other literatures concerned with structural analysis of discrete data: biometrics, psychometrics, sociometrics, discrete multivariate analysis, and applied subjects such as finance, marketing, geography, and transportation. Workers in these areas will recognize that econometric methods for discrete data analysis have benefited from their own literatures. This volume is intended to be useful not only for econometricians but also for the wider community of researchers involved in the structural analysis of discrete data.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Kathrin Happe, Alfons Balmann
Durban, 2003
The paper analyses various forms of direct payments using the spatial and dynamic model AgriPoliS. In AgriPoliS farms are represented as agents which act and interact individually. This allows for endogenous structural change. The model is fitted to the agricultural region 'Hohenlohe' in Baden-Württemberg which is characterised by intensive livestock farming. The policy simulations show that the fixing of a single income payment and coupling it to the farming of land . as it has been proposed by the EU Commission in the mid- term review does not have significant effects on structural change, competitiveness, and income as compared to the current Agenda 2000 policy. In order to reach a significant and lasting effect on the competitiveness of agriculture, a further decoupling of payments would be necessary, in which direct payments would be completely decoupled from land and farming. Direct payments should rather be offered to farmers or farms, independent of whether or not farming is continued. Furthermore, area payments should be decreased to an extent which is just necessary to maintain certain land management standards. Such a policy would also break with the effect that a large part of subsidies and direct payments is transferred to the land owners rather than to the farmers. It is especially the farms with a growth potential and a high share of leased land which would benefit from such a policy.
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