"Illegal work practices and social transformations in Russia" (by Tatiana Zaslavskaya and Marina
Shabanova) centers on issues of changes in law as a systemic societal institution. Changes here are
occurring in context of transformation process in Russia and differ in time from other spheres, i.e.,
economics and politics, while lagging considerably behind those two spheres. Authors founded their
deliberations on a research (2001) of mass-scale illegal labor practices in Russia involving three
component parts: VTSIOM survey data (N = 1376), in-depth questionnaire among individuals from five
social and professional groups, in-depth interviews with employers in enterprises of related branches.
Authors' approach was based on liberal concept of law, delimitating the notion of rights as against law.
They emphasize, respectively, illegal and unlawful social and, more narrowly, labor practices. This
serves to build typologies of specific legal situations depending on proportions of formal and informal
norms. Factors and mechanisms are analyzed with regard to frequency of illegal practices in labor sphere,
as well as issues and consequences of institutionalization of illegal practices.