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Подходящая работа и возможность трудоустройства в оценках безработных

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
An Appropriate Job and the Probability to Find One in the Assessments by Unemployed People (by Irina Perova). The author has made an attempt to obtain an answer to the following questions: "What is more important for unemployed people while getting a new job." "How widely is now spread willingness to take any job?" "How do the unemployed assess the prospects for their new employment".
"What are the most common ways of getting a new job?" "What assistance do the unemployed need to get a new job9" The empirical base of this article has been provided by a combined data array of two mass-scale surveys by VCIOM in September and November 1999.
Basing on priorities of unemployed people in their search for new employment, it can be established that an appropriate job is one that in the first place meets the following requirements: first, a 'good' earning (H2 per cent of the unemployed people interviewed); second, timely payment of wages (57 per cent of unemployed respondents); and. third, work commensurate with the available qualification (20 per cent of unemployed respondents). Concepts of an appropriate job differ depending on gender, age, and educational attainment level of unemployed persons.
Unemployed people rather pessimistically assess the prospects of a new job for them: 37 per cent of them expect to find in the near future an appropriate job, 41 per cent are sure that they would not find one, and other 22 per cent do not know. However, it does not mean that unemployed people are ready to get any job. As demonstrated by the surveys' findings, only 3 per cent of the unemployed people interviewed have answered that they are ready to agree to any work. The assessments of opportunities of getting an appropriate job differ depending on gender, age, educational attainment level, and the duration of searching for a job.
The most widespread methods of searching for a job are application for help to relatives and acquaintances (f>4 per cent), application to public employment agencies (55 per cent), independent search for a job through advertisements in the press, on radio and TV (54 per cent), and immediate applications to personnel departments (37 per cent). Much less common are attempts of unemployed people to find a new job through private employment agencies (8 per cent) or by sending their CV to personnel departments (2 per cent).
The longer the process of searching for a new job, the more often unemployed people apply to public employment agencies. However, an application to employment agencies and the official status of being registered as unemployed do not improve the prospects for finding an appropriate job- A majority of unemployed persons need help to get a job- Only an insignificant part of them, just 13 per cent, have declared that they do not need any assistance in employment. Most unemployed people require information on vacancies, where to apply concerning employment, an opportunity of obtaining a new qualification, as well as moral and psychological support. The need for particular forms of help differs depending on gender, age, and educational attainment level of the unemployed.
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