The proposed paper shows a specific attempt of historiographic reflection; not only
the scientific legacy of A.S. Lappo-Danilevskiy is discussed in its framework, we
can see here a complex of different appreciations, given to his methodological conception
by Russian researchers. As a result of the presented research some basic principles
of the gnoseological conception of A.S. Lappo-Danilevskiy with its syncretistic character
were formulated, integrating different elements of scientific thought of the second
half of the XIX – the beginning of the XX centuries.