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Modern Economic Growth: Findings and Reflections/Nobel Lectures, Economics 1969-1980, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore

Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2003
Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company, 1992, cерия "Nobel Lectures", 456 с.
В 1971 году американский экономист Саймон Кузнец получил премию памяти Альфреда Нобеля по экономике за эмпирически обоснованное толкование экономического роста, которое привело к новому, более глубокому пониманию как экономической и социальной структуры, так и процесса развития. Данная публикация представляет собой его нобелевскую лекцию; в ней автор рассматривает современный ему экономический рост мировой экономики и его перспективы. Лекция написана простым английским языком. Она находится в открытом доступе на официальном сайте.

"A country's economic growth may be defined as a long-term rise in capacity to supply increasingly diverse economic goods to its population, this growing capacity based on advancing technology and the institutional and ideological adjustments that it demands. All three components of the definition are important. The sustained rise in the supply of goods is the result of economic growth, by which it is identified. Some small countries can provide increasing income to their populations because they happen to possess a resource (minerals, location, etc.) exploitable by more developed nations, that yields a large and increasing rent. Despite intriguing analytical problems that these few fortunate countries raise, we are interested here only in the nations that derive abundance by using advanced contemporary technology - not by selling fortuitous gifts of nature to others. Advancing technology is the permissive source of economic growth, but it is only a potential, a necessary condition, in itself not sufficient. If technology is to be employed efficiently and widely, and, indeed, if its own progress is to be stimulated by such use, institutional and ideological adjustments must be made to effect the proper use of innovations generated by the advancing stock of human knowledge. To cite examples from modern economic growth: steam and electric power and the large-scale plants needed to exploit them are not compatible with family enterprise, illiteracy, or slavery - all of which prevailed in earlier times over much of even the developed world, and had to be replaced by more appropriate institutions and social views. Nor is modern technology compatible with the rural mode of life, the large and extended family pattern, and veneration of undisturbed nature..."
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См. также:
Сергей Юрьевич Глазьев
Экономическая наука современной России. 1998.  Приложение. С. 39-46. 
Регион: экономика и социология. 2006.  № 4. С. 56-71. 
Д.В. Каменщик
Экономические науки. 2012.  № 5. С. 182-186. 
Розалина Владимировна Рывкина
Социологические исследования. 2000.  № 12. С. 3-13. 
А.Х. Сабанчиев, Ф.А. Мамбетова, М.Х. Шомахова
Экономические науки. 2012.  № 6. С. 89-93. 
Р.Г. Громова
Социологический журнал. 1998.  № 1/2. С. 15-39.