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Reproductive technologies: gender, motherhood and medicine

Опубликовано на портале: 08-09-2006
Cambridge: Polity Press, 1987
The creation of `test-tube babies' acted as a spur to public debate about the implications of research on embryos, in vitro fertilization, surrogate motherhood, and the whole range of technologies concerned with human reproduction. The scope of reproductive technologies examined in this volume - from techniques for the medical `management' of childbirth, to genetic engineering - is such that few women in the western world, and smaller and smaller numbers in the third world, escape their influence. What then is their impact: on the process of reproduction, on family life and particularly on women? Contributors explore the problem of infertility which is used to validate reproductive technologies; the way assumptions about the family and about biological parenthood continue to structure the arguments for and against; the impact of the medicalization of childbirth; the way debates are embedded in changing conceptions of paternal rights, maternal rights and embryo rights; the problems of providing adequate health care for women; and, above all, the urgency with which these issues raise problems about the accountability of science.


Editor’s introduction

  • Reproductive technologies and the deconstruction of motherhood (Michelle Stanworth)
  • From walking wombs to test-tube babies (Ann Oakley)
  • Foetal images: the power of visual culture in the politics of reproduction (Rosalind Pollak Petchesky)
  • Artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization and the stigma of infertility (Naomy Pfeffer)
  • “There is of course the distinction dictated by nature”: law and the problem of paternity (Carol Smart)
  • Surrogacy: feminist notions of motherhood reconsidered (Juliette Zipper and Selma Sevenhuijesen)
  • Eggs, embryos and fetuses:  anxiety and the law (Jannet Gallagher)
  • Victorian values in the test-tube: the politics of reproductive science and technology (Hilary Rose)
  • Infertility – a life sentence? Women and the National Health Service (Lesley Doyal)



Notes on contributors



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