Evaluation of the compensatory allowances scheme under the EU regulation 1257/99 in Austria and in other EU Member States /доклад на 87 семинаре ЕААЕ, Assessing Rural Development Policies of the CAP, Vienna, Austria, 21-23 April 2004
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
The landscape in Austria is characterised by the high proportion of less-favoured areas (LFA). These cover 81 % of the total Austrian land area. Most is classified as mountain area (70%) with a small part classified as other types of less-favoured area. Mountain farming has the key role in safeguarding the sensitive eco-system and thereby the multifunctional landscape and the general living and working space. The mountain area still possess a high environmental quality and environmentally friendly agriculture and forestry extends over most of the mountain area. This is also important for tourism, which plays a major role in the Austrian economy. Austria has gained considerable experience with mountain farming subsidies and regional programmes specific to the mountain area over recent decades. Since the early 1970s a differentiated classification system has been the basis for defining support levels for mountain farmers. A revised classification system has been applied since 2001. The dominant objective for mountain farming policy is to maintain an agricultural and forestry sector based on environmental principles and small family farms. Under the 2000 – 2006 Rural Development Programme major alterations to the support scheme have been undertaken and support levels have been improved considerably for LFA farmers, and particularly for mountain farmers. The ex-ante evaluation and the mid-term evaluation were undertaken by the Federal Institute for Less-Favoured and Mountainous Areas in Vienna. This paper addresses key questions regarding the evaluation and the achievements of the new compensatory allowances schemes in Austria and will focus on the extent to which it meets the main objectives for mountain areas and other less favoured areas. The complementary contributions of other RDP measures, such as the agri-environmental programme to fulfil the main objectives, will also be discussed. In addition, a review of less–favoured-area payments of some other EU member states will be presented.
аграрная экономика компенсационный пакет области с неблагоприятным климатом общая аграрная политика сельское хозяйство сельское хозяйство в горах
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