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The Nonprofit Handbook: Everything You Need to Know to Start and Run Your Nonprofit Organization

Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2007
Изд-во: White Hat Communications, 2002, 441 с.
The definitive reference manual for starting and running a nonprofit corporation in the United States, this handbook provides information on everything from legal issues to fundraising techniques. Details of how to incorporate, register to lobby, apply for tax exemptions, and comply with charitable solicitation laws are included for every state and for the District of Columbia. Information about current federal laws, regulations, and court decisions that apply to nonprofits, as well as on staffing, advocacy, strategic planning, and bookkeeping is provided. This updated edition includes a discussion on the trends in nonprofit management and the future of the nonprofit sector.

Foreword by Joe Geiger, Executive Director, PA Association of Nonprofit Organizations


Part I: For Practitioners

Quick Start Guide to Forming a Nonprofit Organization

Chapter 1. The Decision to Incorporate

  • Introduction to Incorporation
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Incorporation
  • Nonprofits and Private Benefit
Chapter 2. Steps to Incorporation
  • Introduction to Incorporation
  • Role of Incorporators
  • Choosing a Corporate Name
  • Choosing Corporate Purposes
  • Choosing to Have Members or No Members
  • Additional Provisions
Chapter 3. Bylaws
  • Introduction to Preparing Bylaws
  • Legal Requirements of Bylaws
Chapter 4. Nonprofit Boards of Directors
  • Board Formation
  • Organizational Officers
  • Getting Good Board Members
  • Keeping Good Board Members
  • Board Responsibilities
  • How Boards Function Effectively
  • Holding High-Quality Board Meetings
  • Relationship Between Board Members and Staff Members
Chapter 5. Mission and Vision Statements
  • The Mission Statement
  • The Vision Statement
  • Examples of Mission and Vision Statements
Chapter 6. Strategic Planning
  • Introduction
  • Purpose of Strategic Planning
  • Making the Decision to Develop a Strategic Plan
  • Benefits of Strategic Planning
  • Costs of Strategic Planning
  • A Sample Strategic Planning Model
Chapter 7. A Transforming Model for Nonprofit Board Leadership
  • Overview
  • Current Board Functioning
  • A New System of Board Governance
  • Conclusion
Chapter 8. Nonprofit Organization Ethics
  • Introduction
  • Ethics in the Nonprofit Environment
  • Accountability
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Disclosures
  • Accumulation of Surplus
  • Outside Remuneration
  • Salaries, Benefits, and Perquisites
  • Taxpayer Bill of Rights II—Intermediate Sanctions
  • Codes of Ethics
  • Conclusion
Chapter 9. Section 501(c)(3) Tax-Exempt Status
  • Introduction
  • How to Apply for 501(c)(3) Status
  • Fees
  • A Short History of Tax-Exempt Status
  • Tax-Exempt Status Other Than 501(c)(3)
Chapter 10. Liability, Risk Management, and Insurance
  • General Liability Concerns of Nonprofit Organizations
  • Liability of Officers, Directors, and Other Volunteers
  • Civil and Criminal Liability
  • Strategies to Minimize Exposure to Lawsuits
  • Volunteer Protection Act
  • Personal or Professional Individual Insurance Coverage
  • Board Member Decision-Making
  • Risk Management
  • General Business Insurance
  • Workers Compensation Insurance
  • Unemployment Compensation Insurance
Chapter 11. Fiscal Issues
  • Bookkeeping
  • Audits/Fiscal Accountability
  • Audit Report
  • Review
  • Compilation
  • Budgeting
  • Line-Item Budget
  • Program Budget
  • Expense Reimbursement
Chapter 12. Personnel
  • Introduction
  • Major Federal Laws Affecting Employers
  • Sample State Laws Affecting Nonprofit Employers
  • Standard Paperwork for Corporations With Employees
Chapter 13. Hiring and Firing
  • Introduction
  • Options, Advantages, Disadvantages, Legal Considerations
  • Process in Hiring
  • Firing
  • Discipline Short of Firing
  • Discipline Continuum
  • How to Fire
Chapter 14. Volunteers
  • Introduction
  • Benefits and Considerations of Volunteers
  • Nonprofit Organization Volunteer Policy
  • Volunteer Job Description
  • Volunteer Recruitment
  • Orientation
  • Rewards
  • Virtual Volunteering
  • World Wide Web Resources
Chapter 15. Charitable Solicitation Registration
  • Introduction
  • The Unified Registration Statement
  • State Regulation of Charitable Fundraising on the Internet
Chapter 16. Fundraising
  • How Much To Ask For
  • IRS Substantiation Rules
  • Sources of Funding
  • Hiring a Consultant
Chapter 17. Writing Effective Grant Proposals
  • Introduction
  • Researching the Grantor
  • Sections of a Grant Application
Chapter 18. Lobbying
  • Legal Requirements for Lobbying
  • Effective Strategies for Lobbying and Advocacy
  • 501(h) Election
  • IRS Regulations on Lobbying
  • Contacts With Legislators
Chapter 19. Political Activity by Nonprofits
  • Introduction
  • Individual Political Activities
  • Penalties
  • Quasi-Political Activities
Chapter 20. Communications and Public Relations
  • Introduction
  • Menu of Nonprofit Communications Tools
Chapter 21. The Internet
  • Introduction
  • What is the Internet?
  • Equipment Needed to Connect to the Internet
  • Practical Applications of the Internet
  • The World Wide Web
  • Deciphering a Web Address
  • How to Find Resources on the Web
  • Directories
  • Web Rings
  • Domain Names
  • How to Register a Domain Name
  • Developing Your Own Web Page
  • Internet Etiquette (a.k.a. Netiquette)
  • Problems With the Internet
  • Useful Internet Resources for Nonprofits
Chapter 22. Nonprofit E-Commerce
  • Introduction
  • What is E-Commerce?
  • Build, Buy, or Rent?
  • Payment Service Providers
  • Costs
  • Handling Online Financial Transactions
  • Customer Service
  • Security and Privacy
  • Charity Portals
  • Online Shopping Malls
  • Charity Auctions
  • Online Communities
  • Legal Issues
Chapter 23. Forming and Running a Coalition
  • Introduction
  • The Coalition
  • Structures of Coalitions
  • Advantages of Forming a Coalition
  • Disadvantages of Coalitions
  • To Form a Coalition or Not
  • How to Form a Coalition
Chapter 24. Miscellaneous Administrative Issues
  • Office Equipment
  • Staffing Patterns
  • Stationery/Logo
  • Filing Systems
  • Computer
  • Hardware/Software
  • Credit Card Sales
  • Computer Communications/Internet
  • Postal Service Issues
Chapter 25. Nonprofits and Small Business Competition
  • Introduction
  • Federal Unrelated Business Income Tax (UBIT)
  • Differences Between Nonprofits and For-Profits
Chapter 26. State and Local Tax Exemptions
  • Sales and Use Tax-Exemptions
  • Why User Charges May Not Be the Answer
  • Justification for the Charitable Tax Exemption
Chapter 27. Property Tax Challenges: How to Respond
  • Education
  • Planning
  • Documentation
  • Communication Discussion
Chapter 28. Mergers and Consolidations
  • Factors That Trigger Merger Consideration
  • How to Begin
  • Steps to a Merger
  • Budgeting
  • Obstacles to Merger
  • Legal Requirements
Chapter 29. Quality Issues
  • Introduction
  • Why Quality is Important to Nonprofit Organizations
  • The Cost of Poor Quality
  • Quality in the Nonprofit Organizational Context
Chapter 30. Change Management
  • Total Quality Management
  • Business Process Reengineering
  • Benchmarking
  • Outcome-Based Management
  • Large Group Intervention
PART II: A Student Guide to Nonprofit Organizations

Chapter 31. Defining and Describing the Nonprofit Sector

  • Defining and Describing the Nonprofit Sector
  • Classification of Nonprofit Organizations
  • Legal Definition of Charitable Organization and Tax Exemption
  • Size and Growth of the Voluntary Nonprofit Sector
  • Nonprofit Taxonomies
  • Assets of the Sector
  • Boundaries of the Sector
  • Differences Between Nonprofit, For-Profit, and
  • Governmental Organizations
  • References
Chapter 32. History of the Nonprofit Sector
  • Introduction
  • Modern Roots of American Charitable Law and Organizations
  • References
Chapter 33. Theory of the Nonprofit Sector
  • Public Goods Theory
  • Pluralistic Theory
  • Market Failure and High Transaction Costs
  • Externality Theory
  • Contract Failure Theory
  • Subsidy Theories
  • Consumer Control Theory
  • Theory of the Commons
  • Are Nonprofits Altruistic or Self-Maximizing?
  • References
Directory of State and National Organizations
State Directory
State Government Web Sites of Interest to Nonprofit Organizations

Appendix A;Sample Bylaws
Appendix B;New Year's Resolutions for Nonprofit Executives
Appendix C;About the Author
Appendix D;Reader Survey/Order Form



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