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Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium

Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2007, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 624 с.
International trade has shaped the modern world, yet until now no single book has been available for both economists and general readers that traces the history of the international economy from its earliest beginnings to the present day. Power and Plenty fills this gap, providing the first full account of world trade and development over the course of the last millennium. Ronald Findlay and Kevin O'Rourke examine the successive waves of globalization and "deglobalization" that have occurred during the past thousand years, looking closely at the technological and political causes behind these long-term trends. They show how the expansion and contraction of the world economy has been directly tied to the two-way interplay of trade and geopolitics, and how war and peace have been critical determinants of international trade over the very long run. The story they tell is sweeping in scope, one that links the emergence of the Western economies with economic and political developments throughout Eurasia centuries ago. Drawing extensively upon empirical evidence and informing their systematic analysis with insights from contemporary economic theory, Findlay and O'Rourke demonstrate the close interrelationships of trade and warfare, the mutual interdependence of the world's different regions, and the crucial role these factors have played in explaining modern economic growth. Power and Plenty is a must-read for anyone seeking to understand the origins of today's international economy, the forces that continue to shape it, and the economic and political challenges confronting policymakers in the twenty-first century. Ronald Findlay is the Ragnar Nurkse Professor of Economics at Columbia University. He is the author of Factor Proportions, Trade, and Growthand Trade, Development, and Political Economy. Kevin H. O'Rourke is professor of economics at Trinity College, Dublin. He is the coauthor of Globalization and History.


Chapter 1: Introduction: Geographical and Historical Background

  • Western Europe
  • Eastern Europe
  • North Africa and Southwest Asia: The Islamic World
  • Central (or Inner) Asia
  • South Asia
  • Southeast Asia
  • East Asia (China, Korea, and Japan)

    Chapter 2: TheWorld Economy at the Turn of the First Millennium

  • The Golden Age of Islam
  • China: The Sung Economic Miracle
  • The Indian Ocean and Southeast Asian Trade
  • The Pirenne Thesis
  • Eastern Europe: The Viking Connection
  • The Economy ofWestern Europe

    Chapter 3: World Trade 1000-1500: The Economic Consequences of Genghis Khan

  • Trade and War in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, 1000-1350
  • The Indian Ocean and the South China Sea, 1000-1350
  • The Pax Mongolica and Overland Trade, 1000-1350
  • Eurasia on the Eve of the Black Death
  • The Black Death
  • Trade between Western and Eastern Europe, 1350-1500
  • Overland Trade, 1350-1500: The Aftermath of the Pax Mongolica
  • The Emergence of Russia
  • The Middle East, the Mediterranean, and International Trade, 1350-1500
  • Southeast Asia and China, 1350-1500
  • Quantifying the Late Medieval Spice Trade

    Chapter 4: World Trade 1500-1650: Old World Trade and New World Silver

  • Portugal, the Atlantic, and the Indian Ocean
  • Spain, Portugal, and the New World
  • The Pacific and East Asia
  • The Dutch Rise to Primacy in World Trade
  • Russia, Sweden, and the Baltic, 1500-1650
  • Southeast Asia during the Age of Commerce
  • The Cape Route, Venice, and the Middle East
  • Silver, Silk, and Spices

    Chapter 5: World Trade 1650-1780: The Age of Mercantilism

  • Origins of the British Empire: Trade, Plunder, and Settlement
  • Mercantilism, Commercial Rivalry, and the Anglo-Dutch Wars
  • Britain, France, and the Dutch Republic
  • Britain and France: Commercial Expansion and the Second Hundred Years'War
  • India: The Disintegration of the Mughal Empire and the Transition to Colonial Rule
  • Southeast Asia and the End of the Age of Commerce
  • TheManchu Empire
  • China's Overseas Trade
  • Chinese and Russian Overland Trade
  • Conclusion

    Chapter 6: Trade and the Industrial Revolution

  • Trade during the Industrial Revolution
  • Trade, Overseas Expansion, and the Industrial Revolution
  • Why Britain? Why Europe and Not Asia?
  • Conclusion

    Chapter 7: World Trade 1780-1914: The Great Specialization

  • War and Revolution
  • The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars: Short-Run Implications
  • The Revolutionary and NapoleonicWars: Long-Run Implications
  • The Industrial Revolution and Transportation Technology
  • Bulk Commodities and Heckscher-Ohlin Effects
  • Nineteenth-Century Imperialism
  • Nineteenth-Century Trade Policy
  • Commodity Market Integration, 1815-1914
  • Complementary Factor Flows and the Great Frontier
  • Trade and the Global Division of Labor
  • Trade, Tropical Frontiers, and the Great Divergence
  • The Terms of Trade
  • Conclusion

    Chapter 8: World Trade 1914-39: Deglobalization

  • WorldWar I
  • The Aftermath of War
  • Interwar Commercial Policy
  • Transport Costs
  • The Volume of World Trade
  • Price Convergence and Divergence
  • The Great Depression, the Collapse of World Trade, and the Developing Countries
  • The Collapse of the Ottoman Empire
  • Conclusion

    Chapter 9: Reglobalization: The Late Twentieth Century in Historical Perspective

  • World War II
  • Geopolitical Consequences: Communism, the Cold War, and Decolonization
  • The Gradual Reconstruction of the Atlantic Economy: 1950-70
  • Policy Divergence: 1945-80
  • Reglobalization: 1980-2000
  • International Transport Costs
  • Trends in Openness: Quantities and Prices
  • Unraveling the Great Specialization
  • Openness and Convergence in the Late Twentieth Century
  • Conclusion

    Chapter 10: Globalization at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century

  • The Future of Globalization: Economic Challenges
  • The Future of Globalization: Political Challenges


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