The relationship between prejudice, race and social class categorizations
Опубликовано на портале: 19-05-20042001
University of Memphis
|Тематические разделы:||Социология, Экономическая социология, Экономическая социология: Социально-экономическая дифференциация. Бедность, Социальная стратификация|
The confounded relationship between race and social class categorizations has been noted by social psychologists for decades. For example, Jones states, "One of the big difficulties we have is disentangling race from class". Though racial stereotyping and prejudice phenomena have received considerable attention, the important element of social class has been largely ignored. Two studies used the statement recognition paradigm (Taylor et al., 1978) to assess the categorization of targets crossed on race (White, Black) and social class (lower-class, middle-class) dimensions. The moderating influences of racial and social class prejudices were investigated as well as the motivation to control these prejudices. Results demonstrated the importance of subtype categorization. Also, Whites tended to emphasize social class categorization while Blacks emphasized racial categorization. For White perceivers, both racial and social class prejudice were influential moderators of the categorization process. Experiment 2 also examined a hypothesized relationship between racial and social class categorizations, whereby class categorization increases in an effort to categorize targets by a more socially acceptable category than race. However, results did not support this prediction. The findings illustrate the importance of considering class-related phenomena when considering Whites' attitudes toward Blacks.