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Women in Poverty: An Investigation of the Prevalent Factors that Hinder and Enhance the Life Career Development Process

Опубликовано на портале: 19-05-2004
Nancy Bender Carlton
Научный руководитель: Barry Heermann
Организация: Union Institute and University
Подтип: PhD
Тематические разделы: Социология, Экономическая социология, Экономическая социология: Социально-экономическая дифференциация. Бедность, Экономическая социология: Гендерные отношения и хозяйство, Социальная стратификация

The goal was to investigate salient factors that hindered and enhanced their life career development process, which was defined from a holistic, developmental, and dynamic systems perspective to provide a framework for examining multiple inner dimensions (intellectual, emotional, spiritual, and career development), and outer environments (school, family, community) over the lifespan. Depth interviewing and the use of story were the primary methods for gathering data. The data analysis revealed the following inhibitors: broken relationships and trust with childhood primary caregivers; lack of effective role-models; oppressive conditions, attitudes, and practices relating to gender, race, and class statuses; a system of negative self-concepts; symptoms associated with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD); a pattern of self-defeating behaviors; and low levels of career self-reliance and interdependence. Enhancers included: encouraging and sustaining relationships that served as a healing force; faith in a higher power; a developing system of positive self-concepts; organized structures of opportunities for new learning, and consistent work experience. The study concluded: (1)the life career development process of women in poverty is negatively affected by the social constructions of gender, race, and class; (2)they are inherently relational beings, and when nurturing relationships are denied, they fail to develop the skills essential for career self-reliance and interdependence; and (3)they possess the capacity for self-transformation. The counseling profession is encouraged to learn more about the needs of this growing population in America.

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См. также:
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