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Class, Status and Gender: Social Stratification in a Turkish Town

Опубликовано на портале: 19-05-2004
Организация: University of Essex
Подтип: PhD
Тематические разделы: Социология, Экономическая социология, Экономическая социология: Социально-экономическая дифференциация. Бедность, Социальная стратификация

This research is concerned with a description of the system of social stratification in the context of a medium-sized Turkish town called Arde en, located in the Black Sea region. Using a Weberian analytical approach, the author analyses three dimensions of stratification which are related to the distribution of power: class, status and command; and examines the degree of correspondence between these dimensions. However, attention is given primarily to class and status. Although the third dimension of stratification (command) is also analysed it is treated as supplementary to class. A further aim of this study is to analyse systematic inequalities that are associated with gender. In the first chapter, the theoretical and conceptual framework employed for the analysis of the stratification system is outlined. Chapter 2 involves a brief description of the town's national and regional settings and gives an account of its demographic and political characteristics along with its history. In this chapter, developments and changes in the class system of the town are also interpreted through an historical analysis that indicates its relevance to the present stratification arrangements and the connections with the national economy. Chapter 3 aims at describing and analysing the life chances of people occupying different class positions. It gives an account of the differences in economic power between members of different classes as they are reflected in occupations, property holdings and employment statuses. Chapter 4 involves a discussion of the status stratification, which outlines the lifestyles and consumption patterns of the inhabitants. It analyses the role of voluntary organisations within the status system, and examines the nature of social interactions which take place between people at different levels of the status hierarchy. Chapter 5 is primarily concerned with some aspects of gender inequality and the part played by gender in the locality. In the concluding chapter the key findings of this study are presented. The major characteristics of class and status and the complex relationships between these two analytically separable dimensions of stratification are discussed. Subsequently, the relevance of gender to the stratification system is discussed.

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