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Doing for others: It gives me something to do. An ethnographic study of older, urban women living alone in poverty

Опубликовано на портале: 19-05-2004
Подтип: PhD
Тематические разделы: Социология, Экономическая социология, Социальная стратификация

The purpose of this ethnographic study was to understand the experience of being an older, poor woman living alone in the city.

The purpose of this ethnographic study was to understand the experience of being an older, poor woman living alone in the city. The study's three questions were: What is it like to be an older woman living alone in the city? What are the life experiences of these older women? What are the activities, behaviors and beliefs of older women living alone in low-income elderly housing in an urban setting? Fifteen women over the age of 65 years were recruited through both purposeful and nominated sampling techniques. Ethnographic methodologies were used to collect the data. Data analysis was ongoing throughout the study. Three primary domains were identified, that of living alone, loneliness and connections.
Within the living alone domain, three patterns were identified to capture the experience of older women living by themselves: (1) space; (2) passing time; and (3) functional health and illness.
Additionally, five common life patterns predominated the older women's lives: (1) retirement from work or family obligations; (2) death talk; (3) death of a spouse, family member, or friend; (4) religion; and (5) best time and worst times.
Within the loneliness domain, three patterns emerged to describe the older woman's world in relation to feelings of loneliness and her ways of coping. The three patterns were: (1) feeling lonely; (2) coping with loneliness; and (3) being alone.
Within the connections domain, four patterns were identified that explored the complexity of the connection experience and noted individual perspectives for the informants. The four patterns were: (1) reciprocity and exchange; (2) bickering; (3) transportation; and (4) family relationships.
Finally, within theme analysis, three subthemes contributed to theme development: (1) leadership; (2) fear of crime; and (3) money and poverty. The three domains and subthemes were connected by the major theme, older women living alone: doing for others, it gives me something to do.

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См. также:
Paul K. Edwards
Michael C. Jensen, William H. Meckling
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Michael F. Bryan
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Александр Михайлович Никулин
Общественные науки и современность. 2014.  № 5. С. 33-44. 
David F. Labaree
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