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Global Capitalism and the Transformation of State Socialism

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2010
Мир России. 2009.  Т. 18. № 1. С. 47-73. 
Тематический раздел:
A ‘globalisation’ perspective on the transformation of state socialist countries is under-developed. The paper studies both the influence of international economic interests under state socialism, and the economic integration of the post-communist countries into the world system in the post-1989 period of the building of capitalism. The focus of the paper is on the extent of economic globalisation of countries and their economic corporations. It is contended that the globalisation of capitalist companies and the direct role of global economic forces had little importance under state socialism. The semi-periphery was largely autonomous in the world system, though it did not provide a threat to the core nations. Since 1989, policy orientations of the former state socialist countries have been geared to ‘joining’ the world system, optimistically its core. Important differences developed between the post-socialist states with respect to economic penetration and exposure to the world market. The outcomes have not fulfilled the expectations of those advocating entering the world economy. No former state society has entered the ‘core’. A slide to the periphery has occurred: there is an absence of large scale global companies, of significant innovation and research and development. There has been a decline in their relative economic and welfare positions, though some countries have fared worse than others. Greater participation in the global economy is characteristic of the central European states and Estonia; whereas Russia has a hybrid social formation containing elements of state economic control, national capitalism and global capitalism. It is concluded that the semi-periphery is not a transient category in the world economy, it has potential for persistence and renewal. Policy for the CIS states should be to develop a position in the semi-periphery. socioecon@hse.ru

Key words: Globalization, international economic interests, integration of the post-communist countries into the world system

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