The article is devoted to one of the burning topics of the day – the problem of sport aggressiveness. The author regards this problem in the light of history and cultural traditions. For a long time sport fulfills ritual, educational, spectacle and entertainment functions being an instrument of sublimation of aggression in society and an outlet for negative energy. The human aggressiveness is mostly a result of complex interaction between innate genetic instincts and adopted reactions in the course of cultural evolution. Sport aggressiveness is a reflection of these complex social and cultural processes. In the course of cultural evolution people have elaborated different ways to control their emotions and straight aggression had given place to many kinds of competitive games or passive observation of them.