«Invisible» Science: Patterns of Internationalisation for the Russian Scientific Publications
Olesya Kirchik — Leading Research Fellow, Research Laboratory for Science and Technology Studies, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University — Higher School of Economics (Russia). E-mail: email@example.com
Science citation indexes are increasingly treated for assessing research performance and efficiency of S&T policy. However alongside with evident advantages these tools are characterized by the two serious shortcomings: focus on publications (predominantly English-written) matching definite publishing criterions as well as significantly larger scope of engineering disciplines than humanities. In addition co-existence of both internally as well as externally oriented markets of scientific communication brings about difficulties when comparing publishing performance of scholars from different countries and complicates interpretation of these data. As a result indicators of publishing performance don’t reflect intrinsically state-of-art of national science — rather they demonstrate it’s internationally «visible» segment and the rate of internationalization for selected disciplines.
The paper reveals reasons for these misalignments. The author presents a historical retrospective of the internationalization of the scientific sphere that now uses common language of scientific communication (English) and is dominated by Anglo-American academic publishers.
Russia that is chosen as the main object of the study still has a predominantly locally oriented market for research publications, and Russian science remains poorly integrated into the international scientific process. The study considers the country’s positions in the context of the evolution of the global scientific communication system as well as the structure and dynamics of international publications prepared with contribution by the Russian scientists.
It is noted that using bibliometric tools alone is not enough to reveal full picture. The publishing and citing patterns practiced by Russian scientists, the features of the national system of scientific communications as well as mechanisms of gaining reputation in comparison to other nations should also be analyzed.