There is a three centuries-old tradition of the concentration of Russian economists on the problems of Russian economy, Russian economic science and Russian economic education. Nevertheless economists are responsible for only that economic organization of Russian social production would be effective. According to the author’s opinion, only free and non-restrained development is able to reveal all the varied forms of the effective economic organization of Russian production. Referring to the lessons of economic history of XX century, the author supposes that whereas «Great depression» was a result of spontaneous development of capitalistic economy, then the catastrophe of Russian economy was «hand-made» being a result of its forced imbedding into dogmatically-interpreted theory of «directly-socialized production». However, many Russian economists are not afraid of the «hand-made» catastrophe reiteration and they, encouraged with the fervor of previous centuries, construct new ideological «running knot» for Russian economy, insisting on super-etatism (which had destroyed Russian economy once) and forbidding «liberalism» which is unknown for them. Meanwhile it is time to understand — the economy has its own imperatives for effective development. That means that not listening to the economists but listening to the economy is of the highest priority nowadays.