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Institutional Organization of Resource-Type Regions in Russia: General Description and Structural Shift in the Economy

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 19-01-2020
Тематический раздел:
The paper describes the institutional organization of the resource type regions. The advantages of the political and economic approach based on structural alternatives of development identification are justified. The proposed approach allows us to characterize the relationship between the resource-sectoral structure of the economy, the institutional organization of markets and the constitutional structure of the economy and society. The choice between those alternatives is decided by dominant political and economic actors’ interactions, motivations and limitations of the actors are regarded in the context of path dependence and lock-in effects. The path dependency effect manifested itself in the presence of special forms of relationship between the specific resource-sectoral structure of the economy and the political and economic organization of society, based on the complimenting of horizontal value chains with vertical mechanisms for value redistribution. During the implementation of radical reforms in the 1990–2000s, the lock-in effect was also manifested. The existing stable system of interactions between the resource-technological and political-economic structure of the Russian society determined the existence of rigid restrictions on the implementation of institutional projects for its modernization. The liberal institutional project that did not take into account these objective constraints encountered active opposition from the dominant political and economic actors, as a result of which the institutional system returned in a modified form to a historically predetermined development path. Different configurations of those actors’ interactions can both strengthen and weaken resource dependence. The results of the resource type regions development in 2005–2015 are regarded bearing in mind the structural shift effects. The authors show that emerging due to structural shift effects cannot be explained without involving institutional factors that determine the degree to which the regional economy operated as an integral unit or as a set of enclaves in its social and economic development.
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